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LJV9 1 



INTERNATIONAL 



tribune 


published with the new YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 



Paris, Tuesday, July 19, 1994 



No. 34,644 


AtLeast22Dk Jordanians 
h Bombing of And Israelis 


?iacai CifocApace razif i» Lta 


llie Refugee Exodus From Rwanda Leaves Ever More Orphans 


. amcmg sogoe 100 corpses, people killed as 
UtQr fled D^tmg into ZaireL Umtod.NatkmS laiii the y uAns were among the 


tfaousands of Hum refugees crossing into Zaire in fear of the rd)d Rwanda Pauioiic 
FrcmL Hie Pfttziodc Front claimed victory Monday in die country's civfl war. Page 6 . 


Bosnian Serbs Seem Poised to Spurn Partition Plan 


By E^vid B. Otta^y 

Washwgitm hat Serriu 

PALE, Bosnift-HeEz^ovina —The Bos- 

for an rgecdon of the latest 

Western partition plan for Bosiua -after 
their presideat, Ra^van Karadzic, said 
acceptance would mean giving rsp vast 
'h vacts of Serbian land witiKmt any certain- 
ty that economic sanctioj[^woidd^.fift^,.. 
Opening a spedal sesaon of tBe^ Pitilia 


ment, . Mr. Karadzic at the same time 
' warned that a dedsioo to rgcct the pdas 
wonld almost Cfartainly mean a mqor esca- 
lation of the war and afuDrScale molxliza- 
- tion an SeftHan znaiqiower and re- 
sooices^inciading the inticiduction of 
and wpdc brigades." 

"B we decide to ti& plan, then 
have to betead^ f(V blood, sweat and tears 
jE^thiOHlany he^,^;.lie. tq^ther';^. dq^es 
amembkd in a confereaix room of a fac- 


tory in Pale that often serves as a Farlia- 
ment btdldmg. “Well be on our own." 

hfr. Katadac did not «>aif» any formal 
reocmimeadation to the Paitiament about 
whether the plan should be accepted or 
iqected, resmtijog instead to a frank airing 
of the impheatioas of dthCT But 

he (hew such a borroadous picture (he 


He chaig^ that the plan was the result 
of an American “diktat'’ and that all Bos- 
nian Serbian suggestions had been rqecteai 
in drawing it up in an effort by Wasbiogr 
lon to please ooly the Bosnian Muslims. 
The Muslim-Croatian federation held its 
own qiecUl session of its Parliament in 
Sangevo on Monday and overwhelmingly 


partitioQ plan that it was bard to iniqpret approval the plan. The Bosnian Serbian 
his^peecfa as ahythmg other than ' ' * » \r 

qipbal for its rgectioa. BOSNIA, Page 6 


Furor Forces Italian Leader to Back Dotvn on Decree 


By William Drozdiak 

iVailiinffm Past Se^' 

ROME —!• Prime Mmitter Shio Berlns- 
coni bowed to public pressure -Mcsnlay 
and said he wo^ accept (dumges in a' 
decree that curtails the powers' of anti-.- 
comiptimi judges and h^ allowed more 
than 1,000 brib^ su^iects out of jafl. 

Three months after be lode.a wave of 
pi^iulist support to wet^ in na t io n al 
elections, Mr. Bedusooni is facing the big- 
gest crisis of his bnef political career,. 


htoi^t CO. by a setf-inflicted wound that 
has damajred his politicai pcpulaii^ and 
inmeriled^ ruling ctiahtioo. 

mth his two cotmtion partners, the sep- 
aratist-minded Ncnthem Loigue and the 
norfascist National Alliance, seddng to 
chsown Ms proposal to relax rules of pre- 
ventive detention, Mr. Berlusconi was 1^ 
Monday witii no recourse but to backtrack 
on the decree in order to keqp Ms govern- 
ment ahve. 

' As the fin went into a oilym cm ex- 


.change markets, Mr. Beriusconi a^iipeared 
oh one of Ms three tdevision stations to 
inast dial there was no govenunent crisis. 
He defended the decre e as a ‘juclicial ne- 
ccssity” but acknowledged that he was 
prqiared to acoq>t change when it is dis- 
cussed in ^fiament on Tuesday. 

“Nobody says the text of the decree 
can't be amended,” the prime minister 
said. “The government does not want to be 
intransigBnt about iL” 

•Whm he qgned the measore last wedc. 


Mr. Berlnsconi said he wanted to strike a 
blow for human rights and thwart the risk 
that a powerful ba^ oi investigating m^- 
istrates could turn Italy into a “pcdice 
state.” 

But he faOed to reckon with the intensity 
of public outrage with the 30-month cor- 
ruption scandal that banished the old rul- 
ing and ultimately swept his Foiza 
I talia movement to power. IBs “charter for 

See ITALY, 6 


Jewish Offices 
In Argentina 

Cor^jM fy Oir Su0 From Dt^adus 

BUENOS AIRES— In a deadly echo of 
a terrorist attack on the Israeli Embassy 
here two years ago, an explosion destroyed 
a btMding housing two of Argentina's 
main Jewish organizations on Monday, 
lulling at least 22 pet^le and wounding 
more than 100 . 

Isra^ offidals in Jerusalem said the 
attack was the work of terrorists, and the 
Worid Jewish Congress in New York 
called on all Jewish organimtions to take 
immediaie security precautions. 

RaM Buizaco, press secretary to Argen- 
tina's piesidenu Carlos Saul Menem, said 
the government believed that a bomb had 
been planted inside the building. But a 
state prosecutor said initial evidence 
pointed to a car bomb. 

An estimated 100 people worked in the 
seven-story building hoiismg the Delega- 
tion of Argratine laadi As^ations, the 
country's principal Jewish community or- 
ganization, an<i the Argentine Isreelite 
Mutual Association, a charity group. 

Foreign Minister Guido Di Tblla said 22 
people were known to have dieil, although 
rescue workers bdieved that perhaps doz- 
ens more were trapped beneath the rubble. 
Mr. Burzaco said 100 to 120 people had 
been iigured. 

In Mardi 1992, a car bomb leveled the 
Isradi Embassy in Buenos Aires, killing 30 
people and wounding more than 200. Re- 
sponsibili^ for that attack has never been 
determined, although Israel blamed Mus- 
lim fundamentalists. 

Andrea Sclarc, the press secretary at the 
Israeli Embassy in Buenos Aires, said the 
explosion about 10 A.M. on Monday was 
“a repetition of the ir^edy that took place 
two years a^.” 

An individual td^honed Radio Mitre 
in Buenos Aires ciaiming that the attack 
was the work of an Islamic gioup, but it 
was not imme£aiely clear if the ^ was 
authentic. Later, two foreigners were ar- 
rested as they were about to leave the 
country. Mr. Burzaco said. He said there 
was no evidence against the detainees and 
they had not been charged. 

Although Mr. Burzaco declined to ^ve 
their nationalities, the state-owned Telam 
news agency quoted sources as saying that 
an Iranian man and a German woman had 
•beec.etepp^-at' the Ezeiza international 
airpon outside Buenos Aires. 

In Jerusalem, the Israeli foreign mims- 
ter, Sbimoo Peres, said, “It q>pe^ that 
there was an anti-Semitic and anti-Israeli 
hand in tins evenL" 

Asked if he was certain the explosion 
was a terrorist attack, he replied: “Yes, 
dermitely.” 

President Menem said the explosioa was 
an attack planned “from abroad and 
helped by p^le here.” 

At the site of the bombing, dozens of 
rescue workers and volunteers dimbed 
atop the rubble, pa^g along oxygen 
tanks and masks while struggling to re- 
move blodcs of concrete. 

Several hours after the explosion, toe 
Justice Ministry buOding was evacuated 
fdlcwing a bomb tiueat. 

(AP, APP, Reuters) 


Murayama’s Policy Opener: 
Trying to Reassure Public 


By Janies Stongold 
Nor Y«ril Tima SWvtor 
■ TOKYO — The Japanese were cynfcal 
and angry three wedcs ago a Socialist 

became prime minister ^ joining for^ 
with his party's long-stanmng cmiseivatiye 
:’•) ss amlousting a raonn coition. Biri in 
his first policy address, on Monday, ftime 
Minister Tomnehi Murayama sirqght ti> 
.reassure a waxy pabiie by abandeming tlm 
Socialists’ opposition to toe country's mifi- 
‘jtzy and vowing to open the e conomy to a 
freer flow of goods. 

I^. Murayama, 70, who came mto of- 
Tce with about toe lowest pubfie ^roval 
rating of any postwar prime nnnister, 
T iis ed on peraiading toe puMic that Ms 
government was mterestod in more than 
power and that the Sociali^ far- 

eft policies were a thiii^ ttf the past 

His odd foB ii tio", be during uie 


aildress in Parliament, was ccamnitted to 
lowering the trade surplus, inmroving 
zdations with the Unxteci States, 
catting taxes, redudng astronomical con- 
sumer prices, granting the public freer ac- 
cess to infwmation, and cleaning iq> a 
tical. sysum that otoi look^ he mid, 
“some Mnd oi ondechanded scam.” 

“1 mtend to travd toe lo^ to refixm no 
matter- .how tofficalt the path ahead may 
be;” he said trying to counter an inmres- 
sion that ^ govenuBent, dominated by 
the oosiservarive Liberal Democratic Par- 
ty, may just the states <]no. 

Mr. Mur^ama deliver^ a reassuring 
TPRCMge, p mmijBBg ctmtinu^ in Jq>an's 
p(dieies. But he did .undotoore a 
snbwbut hxgxvtant shift. 

He atodooied the Social Democratic 
Italy’s traditionaDy anti-American stance 
See JAPANfPage 6 . 


Kiosk 


20 Reported Dead in Nigeria Prolate 


LAGOS (Reutere) — At least 20 pe<^ 
pie were kiued on Monday in antirgOT- 
eramenl demonstrations m Lagos , w 
leader of a pofitfcalpressurepoiqJ saw. 

Thw v«B no official confirmawn « 
the deaths, wfaidi were iqxMted w 
Beko Ransome-Kuti, the prudent of 
the group, the Campaign for Democra- 
cy. 


has been brought to a virtnal 
stanostifi by striking ()£t unions presto^ 
for the release of as cqiposition pcditi- 
nignj MMhood AMMb, the appaant 
winner of last year's aimnlled preridea- 
tial dectioss. 


Book Review 
Chess 


P^S. 
Page 5. 



The Last Act Had Pathos 
And Grit— but No Gcals 


« 5*^ 

Roberto Ba^o: Hie pain of it all. 


By Ian Thomsen 

Inunatioiul HmaU Tribm 

PASADENA, California — More 
than 94^000 voices were groaning or 
shrieking and eveiyone in anything yel- 
low was leapii^ up and down, and yet no 
one was moving more poweifullv than 
Roberto Baggio. He was moving hardly 
at alL I£s head drooped a little and his 
hands fdl onto Ms hms as he rinmly 
stood among those edebrating in Ms 
ntiseiy. 

^ The most fluid of an toe worid cham- 
pumships to visit America came to a 
stuttering halt on Sunday. It will be re- 
membered that Robolo Bauio missed 
Ms oenalty shot, like a basbban jilayer 
out in the bottom of the ninth or 
all player nusshm a free throw or, 
dosest of all, a kid»r missing a field goal 
at the end of a football ge"ic played by 
behemoths. The 15tb World ^p final 
had come down to a scordess draw that 
somdiow was lost the two bravest 
Italians and won by toe rightful champi- 
OQ, Brazil, 3-2 on penalties. 

So did Braril bccfinvr the first four- 
time ghatnpiftrt, hgaritig Italy to that 


honor in the first tournament decided on 
penalty Idds, and just toe fourth won 
after the regidation 90 minutes had ex- 
piretL 

How it happened that Brazi] became 
toe first four-time world ebantpson made 
no difference to its players, exor- 
cised themselves of Pu 6 as toe great man 
Mmsdf jumped up and down cfaeei^ 
on TV sets toe world aronnd. Brazil's 
other titles had been won around Fel 6 , 
who was analyzing this match for the 
people back home when, all of a sudden, 
they heard him shrieking and probably 
all began to shridt toemsdves — 152 
million people all shrieking at once. 
When the solid gold tre^by was 
to Carlos Alberto Parreira, toe Brazilian 
manager stoose neo-conservative tactics 
had b«n criticized hy Pelh, the coach 
carried it over his bead throu^ the Rose 
Bowl as hundreds of hands m all colors 
were thrust out to touch iL 

The penalties had been the final touch 
of hdl for him, too. He had fielded the 
best twim — even if Pel 6 and eveiyone 

SeeCUP,Pbgel 7 


Hopefiil as 
Talks Begin 

At Table on the Border^ 
They Predict an End 
To 46 Years of War 


By Oyde Habermas 

.Vrw YoHt Tima Strnee 

EIN AVRONA, Israel — In an air- 
cemditioned tent straddling todr coun- 
tries’ desert border, peace n^liators for 
Israel and Jordan met publidy Monday 
for toe first time in toeir own region and 
spoke with new optimism about ending 
their technical state of war of 46 years. 

Both sides said toe talks had gone welL 
but they added that they would need time 
to pr(xluce toe peace treaW that has eluded 
the two countries even though tb^ have 
long cooperated to keep their frontier qui- 
CL 

^ficult issues remain over a range of 
issues, including border lines, water r^ts 
and tte fate of hundreds of thousamS of 
Palestinian rdfugees. 

But no one here, in a desert valley north 
of toe Gulf of Aqaba, had expected instant 
results. Symbolism was toe substance 
Monday, toe central point being that toe 


In response to Soadiy’s riots, Israel has sealed 
off the Gaza Strip, dBUiing the momnem of 
a naBoo mh a hitanl s fliefe. 2. 

old enemies had b^un talking to each 
other on th^ own turf after three years of 
incondurive meetings in conference rooms 
in Was^gton. 

“We ho^ that our location, wMdi g^ves 
testimony to the imperatives of geographic 
proximity and int^qiendeDce, will in- 
spire us to arrive at tangible results,” said 
Fayez Tarawneb. Jordan’s chief delate 
and its ambassaden* to toe United States. 

Elyakim Rubinstdn, bead of toe Israeli 
team and a former cabinet secretary, said: 
“This meeting lakes place in a tent The 
tent is tentative, but peace should, and will 
be, permanenL” 

For Israel, toe change of venue was a 
triumph, signaluig another stq> toward full 
acceptance by its Arab oeightors. And toe 
meeting was only toe first m several events 
scheduled over the next week to make a 
point that Israel and Jordan arc on a fast 
track, although how fast remains to be 
seen. 

On Wednesday, in another first toe Is- 
raeli foreign minister will cross the border 
to meet his Amerjcan and Jordanian coun- 
terparts at a hold cm Jordan’s side of the 
De^ Sea. Then on July iS, King Hussein 
of Jordan is supposed to meet publicly at 
toe White House with Rime hfinister Yitz- 
hak Rabin of Israel yet anotoerprecedent 

The king and the prime muuster are 
known to nave talked secr^y in toe past 
part oi a series of clandestine encounters 
that toe Jordanian monarch has hacl with 
Isradi leaders for thrre decades. 

By now going public, lu^ in that (lirec- 
tion by prospects oi American military aid 
and debt write-offs. King Hussein hints at 
a new self-assurance. IBs ai^ he has said 
in recent days, is to protect 1 ^ own nation- 
al interests, but he also seems intent on 
asserting a measure of indqrendence from 
Syria and on outflanking toe Palestinians 
in claims to authority over Muslim holy 
places in Jerusalem. 

The perennial big question is whether he 
w3] be so bold as to make Jordan toe 
second Arab country, after ^ypt, to sign a 
treaty with Israel or wail until 
Lebmion and toe Palestinians are 
j. For now, toe oflidal Jordanian 
line is that no sqiarate treaties will be 
siffled. 

But that does not rule out important 
progress, and both Jordanians and Israelis 
tried to imp^ a sense of historic change to 
the n^tiating sesaon in toe tent, even if it 
qualified on many levels as nothing more 
than a^otogenic extension of Washing- 
ton talks earned out with slender results 
since 1991. 

Surrounding the tent was a double row 
of barbed-wire fneing, an^ officials cau- 
tioned jmunalists from straying too far 
because of nearby mine fidHs . 

Against a badtdrop of ji^ed moun- 
tains, Ein Avrona is a nature preserve on 
toe Israeli side of the cease-fire line estab- 
lished after a war that ftdlowed Israel’s 
founding in 1948. It is also a testament to 
the fonnal state of war that still exists. 

Still toe two delegations acknowledged 
that they had brought tb^ raiifg home, toe 
significance of toat fact reinforced by the 
live broadcasts carried by both state televi- 
sion networks. 



When Kiddie Capitalists Go to Camp^ Forget the Fun 


Mawsatond Prices 


nrt-ri-r 300 Dr. Spflio -"0 

m 3 ^.!!.'."'i 600 Lire Tunisia 

"ir* , 

U.S:AAil.tEur.lS1.10 | 


Tril) Incipx 



By Marc Fisher 

fVaiiiitpvn Pett Serriee 

BALTIMORE — Owen and Elliot are in sales. They 
dabble in stocks. They read the Journal All year long, 
th^re selling. Candy, Cokes, rodcs, beetles. 

Beetles? “Oh yeah, kids buy ’em to drown 'em in toe 
pool” Elliot says. 


Comes the summer and the guys need a break. They 

^ it i.._« ...^1. e.n L!..v V.... 1..... ... — ■ — 



Mmitea 

BteutoOBdow 

DM 

1.5467 

- 1.SS36 

Pound 

1.6614 

1.5618 

Yen 

' 98.41 

97.615 

FF 

5.3065 

S.3265 


. T; 







Zn just 35 hours, for an investment of a mere S2S0. 
Loyw win txain ambitious children toformulate 

a bu^ness plu, sdect locations, plot advertiting. The 
1 »ls also learn basic sales technique, a Mt M bookkeep- 


ing and the pn^ construction of a lemonade stand. No 
extra chartt for the lemonade. 

In its th&d summer, Canq) Lemonade Stand is in such 
demand that Loyola has taoced (m a second session. 

“Believe me, thb has nothing to do with the parents,^ 
tticigfs Amy Mutch, mother of 9-year^ld EllioL “It's the 
t- Bjy Owen and Elliot have always talked about business. 
They sdl eveiything. Th^ were stealing bamboo from a 
aeimbor’s yard and sellmg it. They don't just want to 
buy a they want an apartment bouse so thqr can 
srif the units. 

“If you know these kids, you know: This is the perfect 
camp for t h«n- And didn’t they do a study that paper- 

bews are more likely to be<^CE^_ 

There's not a lanyard m sight. No “bugjuice," no color 
wars. The competition at Camp Leimmade Stand is (or 


maritet share. The wedt culminates in a day of hawking 
lemonade at various spots on die Loyola campus. Hie 
campers divide into groups of five or six; toe group that 
sdls toe most lemcmade gets to pick a prize. 

Owen and Elliot's group — the Grateful Lemons, they 
cell toenurives — conrists of 9- and 10 -year-oId boys 
and Bryson lacobonl who, at 7, is one of toe youngut 
kids in the camp. Thm is medi^ here. 

“TMs is my strata,” Elliot says. “We take a really 
cute little Idd and we mt him out there. I take a tray <» 
cups and walk around canmus with the little cute kid. 
The secretaries will tMnk he? so cute, to^n buy lemon- 
ade.” 

The scheme worits. The Grateful Lemons sell aQ the 
See CAMP, Page 3 




oaHPVAOOrt-j ia.Quiw .^0 





I 


Page2 


1NTE»NA110NAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, jUIY 19, 1994 


In Britain^ ^Clinton Cousin^ Gives Labor Party a B 



By Steve Coil 

I VesUi igun ^ea Senke 

Cardiff, Wales — a new and 
potentially enlivening phase in Brit- 
ish politics is set to Be^ this w^ 
when the opposition Labor Party, 
oat of office for IS years but w^ 
abend tlw goveming ^nservative 
Pa^ in odnioA poDs, picks a leader 
It belies wul restore the par^ to pow^ 
er. 

TIm new Labor leader is wid^ 
predict^ to be Tony Blair, 41, a 
tel^enic iaw]w who prcyects himsdf 
as an ideological cousin of Presideat 
Bin flmtrMi 

Mr. Blair is not yet in unda the 
wire, bnt poUstm and the British 
media have been ^edaring ftn* a^eks 
that the Labor leadership race is aO 
but over. Results are be announced 
on Thursday. 

A surprise is at least couoavable; 
Hiis orntest marks the fiist demo- 


Israel Seals 
Gaza Strip 
Indefinitely 
After Riots 


oatic vote 4 million Labor Pai^ 
members smee reforms stripped 
uni(Mi bosses of the power to hud- 
pidE the party leader. 

Yet neither of Mr. Bhdris more 
traditionally socialist rivals, deputy 
Labor iead» Margaret Bedkett or 
employmem spokesman John Pres- 
cott, has wa^ a scintillating eam- 
paip during the last few wedcs. 
Opinion polls and analysts describe 
thmn as «impering mainly for tte job 
of Mr. lUair’s d^ty. 

Overall, the leaderriim contest has 
been dull, pt^te and dominated by 

national p^onn far 
tempt to modendze Labor's image 
and seduce middle-cdass swing vot- 
ers, mainly in southem England, who 
have kept the Conservative Party in 
office for so long. 

In policy ^readies, Mr. Blrdr has 
sought to aoederate Labor's 13-ycar 


shuffle toward the political center. 
He has placed heavy anphagg on 
wmker training; public “invest- 
ments,*' as oroosed to govemnKDt 
^pendm& and education. **Comi:^ 
nrty** has beomnc bis favorite baa- 
wmtL He draws mainly on Christian- 
ity, not secular .sodalism, as a source 
ftf langMge and ideas about coneo- 
tive British values. 

In cartqraign style, Mr. Blair has 
taken a p^ from the U.S. piesidcaL 
Once the tead singer in a rndversity 
Tock-and-ron band, Mr. Blair keq» 
his abundant hair carefuDy odffed at 
campaign appearances, and has 
soupt yontbful support Ity tumiiig 
1 ^ <m pop radio progianis to declare 
his aU^jance to contenqroraiy rock 
groups sudi as W-Rm 

**1 think there is a oonneetion be- 
tween the voyage of rediscovery on 
which Presidmt Qinton embarked 
with the Democrats and the essential 


rfmng ftg rhaf we havc been ttyi^ to Blair better und 
make in the Lid}or Party,” Mr. mair (wbleo^ M< 
said in an interview, “what we re- pidnd Mr. 1 
quire are politics that are neither old •^xhe Tories wi^ve perhapa two 
lot nor new right. years in whrch^'si^'to undeniune 

“The old left failed because there thisruthkssw^hlgcfioriiKrCcin- 
was too much emphasis on state cen- servative a roceiit edito-- 

trol and vested mierests. And the ^al in the.' Daily Tdcaraph: 
new ri^t has failed because It con- .> iT/T* • ' i 

fuses & Deed for a dynamic mailM Mr- ?l^5 

economy with a crude form (rfindi- 

viduaiism that actnaUy doesn’t eqmp miie_lliat laA 

people to survive and psoq>er m a fe f^ **5 5®“^ ^ 
ffia^ world market.** ^ ^ danger” m the 

Sudi phrases may sound soft and rarty. 
ftnqr — in feci, they are delibera^..; ]^t Mh Blair's canm is also awa^ 
vague^ for LabOT hw decided nrt to of the danger Labor poses to itself. 

spedfics on tax tales mid piu- .The party has been wdlrdiead^ 
get until the next dectian is '^ poQs between ekctlons befOR, taly 
nanid, probably hi *wo_ yeM s.^ . |q collapse at the final vot^ rmpar- 
Yet the Conservative Party cleaity . entlv because manv Britonis .«rin Birf 


Britain's 

probtems. Mcne u^^Cfrice as many 
pidnd Mr. Blam;ar^. Major. 

**The Tmies wShavepediaps two 
years in which^'si^ to midenimie 


Yet uie Conservative Party clra^ . enUy because many Brit on* «rin Birf 
has cause for worry. A ncoit pw it hard to trust that-the party would 

1 om iHiwIu vntfn S.vnl ' nj+irntTsm* ' • t .-In.. 


By Youssef M. Ibrahim 

New York TTma Seyke 

JERUSALEM — Israel 
sealed off the Gaza Strip on 
Mmday, restricting the move- 
ment of a millinn inhabitants 
there and the tranqxirt of goods 
to or from the area. 

Isradi officials refused to say 
how long the dosure would last. 

An official of the Palestinian 
authority in Gaza and Jeridio, 
Frdi Abu Medeen, who is re- 
qransible for justice affairs, 
sw he hoped it would be ended 
byWednmd^. 

Isradi authorities sard only 
that the dosure would be en- 
forced until “further notice." 

The sea]^ of the Gaza Str^ 
foDowed rioting on Sunday ly 
Palestinian wooers who had 
been stoi^red by the Isra^ 
whOe attempting tO CF05S the 
border. The rioting resulted in 
the deaths of two Palestinians 
and the iiguiy of nearly 100 
p^le, incimiing 17 isradis. 
The Erez chedqxmt, where 
Palestinians nonn^y gather to 
seek jobs in Israd, was heavily 

damageH 

The dieclqxnnt was nearly 
deserted on Monday, with only 
Palestinian and Isradi security 
dfidals present All dvilians 
traveling from Israel were 
banned from crossing into 
Gaza. 

The rioting dominated the Is- 
raeli cabinet meeting on Mon- 
day, with some calwet memr 
bers accusing the Palestinian 
police of “gross irresponsibil- 
ity” for havmg lost control of 
the situation under the pressure 
of angiy Pdestinian workers 
and of having partidpated in 
firing on Israeli troops in Erez. 

Envimunent KGnister Yossi 
Sarid said that Israd may revise 
its admission procedures for 
workers coining from Gaza to 
avoid the land of humifiating 
treatment and massive ddays 
that led to Sunday’s riots. But 
other cabinet ministers seemed 
less sympathetic to the pli^t of 
unemployed Pdestinians. 

Senior Israeli government of- 
ficials blamed the riots on Mus- 
lim fundamentalist opponents 
of the peace process, acwising 
the militan t groups Hamas and 
Islami c ntiaH of hariog takra 
advantage of the riots to stir 
oppositioa to the peace treaty 
between Isreal and the Pales- 
tine Liberation Oiganization. 

In pamphlets distributed 
Monday in Gaza, Hamas 
vowed to avenge the dead and 
wounded Pdestinians, saying it 
was *^roud" of members the 
Paiesrinian police wfao partici- 
pated in fighting agr^i Isradi 
sddiers during the riots. 


Body Fonnd After 14 Years 

Associaied Pros 

COPENHAGEN — The 
body t£ a Danish mountain 
climber has been found frozen 
in a gjader in the French Alps 
]4 years after he dis^peared 
on an expedition, the Danish 
police said Monday. The body 
of the climber. Mads Becb 
Madsen, was spotted Friday: 





1,897 13(d.y voters .BSm whether not raise taxes substantially or stoke 
Prime Nfinister Jwn Major-ar Mr. infiatiou with unbridled' - ' 

Mitterrand Surgery 
Goes ‘Very Well’ 


, ^ ^ ^ Yet* LaamoriAgence FranB.h<9Be 

Foreign Minister Shimon Peres, left, and Mr. Oiristopbcar heading to a mee ting Monday. 

Christopher Begins Mideast Shuttle 


JERUSALEM — UJS. Secretary of State War- 
ren M. Christopher, saying the Mhddle East con- 
flict is nearing an end, b^an a new round of 
shuttle dipknoacy Monday to cement peace 
oxives Ity Israd, Jordan and the PLO and to 
speed a breaktbioush with Syria. 

“The Arab-Isra<£ omdlict, one of tire most 
long-standing and most intractable conflicts of 
tt^ entire century, is drawing to an end," Mr. 
Christopher dedared after talks with Israeli 
Prime hfinister Yitzhak Rabin. 


“There will be difficulties on the path ahead, 
but nonetheless we are proceeding to assist the 
p^es and they are proceeding with great deter- 
mination,** he said 

In a weeklong tour, Mr. Christopher will virit 
Syria and Jordan as well as Israel and meet the 
Pdcstinc liberation Oiganizatioo leader, Yasser 
ArafaL 

The United States, vdiidi says it has received 
nnspedfied “conoete proposajGr from both Is- 
rad and Syria, wants to see an agreement be- 
tween the two emerge by the end m tins year. 


By Alan Riding 

Hew Talk Tlnm Senke 

PARIS — PFeridentFran 9 ois 
hfitteriand of France, wfao was 
diagnoted to be sufferiiig with 
prostate cancer two years ago, 
underwent surgery Monday to 
remove a Uoaage in his uri- 
nary tract 

His personal {Physician, Dr. 
Claude Gubler, said the operar 
tion went “very weU.** 

Mr. Mittecra^ who is 77 
and is due to retire in May after 
14 ycBXS in office, entail the 
Codim Hoqiital here Sunday 
night and was expec^ to be 
k^ under observation until 
the weekend. His hospttahza- 
tion was only announced after 
the operation was completed 
about noon Monday. 

After the president’s last reg- 
ular medical checkup. Dr. 
C^eber said that there was no 
evidence of estenrion of the 
cancer, but he noted that Mr. 
hGtterrand was suffering some 
discomfort caused tty scar ds- 
sne near tiie junction between 
the uretha and the bladder. 

In his statement Moi^y, 
Dr. Crldier said the iteration 
followed seven wedcs of tests 
and scans and was derigued to 
remove a constriction Of the 
uretha, which was causing irri- 
tation of the Iddnqrs. 

“The operati.on, carried out 
by endoscopy, went very wdl” 
he added. 

Medical experts said thnj ob- 
struction of the Diinaiy tract 
was a common side effect of 
prostate cancer and that the op- 
eratiem was viewed as an alter- 
native to removing the prea- 
dent's prostate. In the pa^ lus 
doctors have noted that he was 
not resqKmdmg as wdl as hoped 
to hormone treatmeaL 

French government officials 
said the operation was delayed 
becanse of the prerident’s busy 
sdiedule, whidi induded at- 
tending a meeting of leaders of 


the Groim of Seven nations in 
Naples 10 d^ ago andpresid- 
mg over the annual BastiUe Day 
ooraratkms here Juty lA - 


parried by Prime Minister 
^ooaid BaDadur, Mr. Kfitter- 
rand inaugurated a memorial jn. 
Paris to Jewirii drildren deport- 
ed to Nari deaths camps in 
194A Mr. BaBadur, who. was 
told a wedc ago of the presi- 
dent’s planned snigery, win 
presideoverWeditesdlty*sr^a- 
lar meeting of the cabinet 

Die Fzendi jnesideDt under- 
went snigeiy Iot prostate can- 
cer under a geoe^ anestiietic 
on Sept 11, 1992, and be only 
resoined normal activities two- 
mnnflM lata. Medical enxrts 
believe be may again need two 
months for a lecoveiy. 

Mr. Mitterrand’s abseaice is 
unlOcdy to hove much impact 
on FraKh pditics becanse he 
has indkatM that he. had no 
mtention of tiying to lead his 
Socialist Party to a third term in 
the Elysfe Puaoe. 


France Reopens 
AIDS“BloodCase 


PARIS — A court reopened 
an inquiry Monday into wheth- 
er three former government 
ministers were to blame for 
tainted blood transfusions that 
gave AIDS to hundreds of he- 
mophiliacs. 

'The special parliament^ 
court opened an investigation 
into 1 1 c omplain ts a gamst for- 
mer Prime Miiiister Lament 
Fab^ former Social Affairs 
Mnista Georgina Dnfoix and 
former Health Mmister Ed- 
mond Hervk 

The transfusions were al- 
lowed by health authorities in 
1985. The three fonner rmnis- ‘ 
ters have dented wrongdmng. 


WORLD BRIEFS 

UN Retains Ti^ 

UNITED NADONS, New Yoft W'— A ffivided Security^, 
f!nmiflH on Monday mmnt«mi»ri the crippling economic embargo^ 
against Inq after tfae UttitedBtates can$aigned against any move 
to ease the sanctions. . 

Dr^anats said oo nation had fevoed rite immediate lifting of 
sanctioiu, but pemted to drosions within the IS-nation counefl 
over vrfutt ap^oadi to trice toward Ba^ad. The sancticas were 
mmosedaftalrad trp^mvai^.jBjm 1990. 

.Die .couni^. vraidi reviews the Ira^ sanctions mtety two 
mcinri^ met in a dosed sesrimL.Some nations, including Russia 

and Frmke, Favor a grad^ earing of saitetions as Iraq fulfills the 
.conditions irnpraed uiidec theicease^Bie that ended the Gulf War. 
They want the council to issue a statement acknowled^i^ Iraq’s 
cooperation with wnpbns in^iectors, a key stq> towaro getting 
the o3 embttgiQ lifted agjui^ 

China Oide Gains A^um in Canada 

HONG KONG (AFE7'^ C^ of Hoiig KongTs duef critics 

■ China has'. been gnmted'ia^qm m the first from the 

toiitoiy to succestfuDy 'seck poUtical asylum ahead of China's 

- talraover in 1997, his party sidd Mcmday. 

Asjdum was gnmted to So.Keu^cfai^ a founding manber of the 
Unitra .Pemoaats of Hoiq Kcmg, whi^ has been condemned by 
Bepi^ for iteanti^Ghma stance. 

: Mr. So rqx)rtodty asked for asyiiiin after recerang letters and 

pTmtijir saymp fhat fa^ anri fajs family Wtmld bC harmed if hC 
did not stop cntiCEBXig Qnha. Ifis isiwyer was said to have asserted 
betoe the refi^ board that the threats had been politicaDy 
motivated and woe ruqiected to have come fmn Oifaia. 

Kobl Wants East States at £U Talks 

BONN (Renters) — ChanceEkx' Hdmut Kohl of Gexmany 
meposed on Monday that East European states be fainted to 
European Unioa gimmit as a step to membersim. 

• Mr. K(dil told a jrant news conference with Prime Minister 
Gyula Horn of Hungary that inviting East European leaders 
would h^ win pc^ma siq^iort in the former Smdet bloc for 
memberriiqx He sard tire proposal was tailored especially for 
Czech RqHib^ Sloval^. Pohmd and Hungary, whose govern^ 
ments ha:w said t^.wfeh to join the Enn^i^ UnioiL 
Die 'diancdlor, vboso nation cunently bolds the European 
Unioa's ixxatmg pieridency, said he would discuss the issue with 
the other 11 merriber states. 

TqI^ Sex-SlaYe Report Denonnoed 

TOKYO (AF) — Groiqis demanding conpeDsation for Asian 
women foic^ to provide sexual services for soldiers of J^ian’s 
Wosld War n.aimy ate deDouncing a r^xuted J^uiese plm to 
qxnd $1 bSnicMi on ftieadriiip pr ioie c t s for their nations 
“This move is insoffickat mi unaooqttable,'’ the 40 gron^ 
includiiig those iqueseatiog South Koreans and Fil^iiios, sain in 
a jomt statement snbmitted Monday to Prime bfinister Tomiichi 
Muiayama. 

The groups, renevring demands for individual oompensation 
and smoere a{Kdpee$^ .also started collecting rigoatores on peti- 
tions. The natiemri newspaper Asatu Shimhun reported Sunday 
that Japan was conridering the plan to atone for the wartime sex 
slavery. 

Tsuwan to CcA U.S« F -16 Tedhuaolog)^ 

- TAIPEI (A^ — Die United States has ^reed to transfer 
tecfanc^c^ so Taiwan can make key oooqionents of the F-16 jet 
fi^nos It is buying from a U.R company, a government <rffi^ 
sard Monday. 

The agreemcait is part of a $600 milUnn offset progr^ for 
Taiwan’s puidiase of the planes, said Jade Tan^ deputy direda 
of the Ecraomtes Kfiiiistiy*s Coorinittee for Aviation and Space 
Industry DevdopmenL Taiwan is eniected to sign an agreement 
on the cooperation prefect with Lockheed Fort Worth Co., 
manufactnrer of the F-16 jets, later this year, he said. ^ 

Taiwan bought 150 F-Ite for $6 billion in 1992. The planes^ 
to be ddivoed betw ee n 1996 and 1999. 

Bonn Drops Threat on Bee£, EC Says 

BRUSSELS (Reuters) — Germany dropped oo Monday a 
threat to ban imports of British afta European Union 
veterinary eqierts agre^ to tighten restrictions to stop the spread 
of so-called inad cow disease, a Eun^>ean Cootmlsston spokesman 
said. 

Die oomnnssiev) preposed a ban cm exports of meat containing 
bones from herds tnat have not been free of the disease; bovine 
spoa^OTm en^halopathy, for six years, instead of two years. 

“1m OMumisrioD proposal was unanimously adopted,** the 
mdEesman said, adding, “The Germans tot^y withdraw 
their baiL” 


Missile Threats Spur Fear of Wide Asian Arms Race 


haenutitHial HenM Tiibene 

SINGAPORE — Asian countries, 
alarmed at a possible threat of nucle- 
ar-armed bulistic missiles in the 
bands of North Korra arid several 
other F^onal states, are likely to de- 
velop similar weapon systems or 
greatly strengthen their miagla de- 
fenses, analysts say. 

As a result, there is a serious risk of 
a wide^iread arms race in Asia. 

Such a race is already under way in 
South Asia between India and nki- 
stan, and Aere are serious tenrimis in 
Northeast Asia over the ruidear arms 
issue and ballistic fni«iles_ 

Japan said reocDtly that North Ko- 
rea's long-range miuiles and its sus- 
pected plans to develcro nuclear, 
chemical and biolc^cai warheads 
posed a grave threat to Japan and the 
Far East. 

In an annual military white paper, 
Japan srid it believed North Korea 
w^d soon complete devdc^niient of 
the Rcxloag-1 missile; vnA a range of 
about l,0(j0 Idioineters (600 miles). 

Analysts said that the missile, 
whid) has the range to hit all <rf SouA 
Korea and parts of Japan, would 
prolM^ be ployed in the first half 

If Ncirth K(»ea is found to have 


acquired a nudear arsenal wife inqro- 
nity, according to FranQois H^ 

f booi& senia vice pierident for straie- 
'c development at Matra Dtfense- 
space missile and aerospace 
conqiany in France, then “riim is 
every ri^ that SouA Kmea and possi- 
bly Japm win fed conqieUed to m^ 
wrenching reappraisals of tbdr de- 
fense policies.^ 

Nuclear weapons and ballistic mis- 
siles “could beccroie pricnity hems,** 
he warned. “Imitaticro would then en- 
sure pdi^ changes in the rest of the 
region." 

Speaking at a conference in Singa- 
pore earlier this year, Mr. Heisbou^ 
a former director of the International 
Institute for Strategic Studies in Lon- 
don, said the qiread of ballistic mis- 
sUes and weapois of destruction 
was “the greatest short-term chal- 
lenge** to peace and security in Asia. 

North Korea test-fired the Rodong- 
1 missile in May 1993 over the Sea of 
Japan. 

Asia's increasing industrial and 
technol^eal sophistication and 
grovring nnandal strer^th are piorid- 
ug the resources for devdt^ng or 
acqui^ missile technology. 

India justifies its mi«nw develop- 
ment program by dainring that it 


feces a threat from China, which has 
long-range as well as tactical nuclear 
arms. But Psldstan appears to be In- 
dia’s mam immediate taigcL 

India has fought three wars wife 
Pakistan and one wife Ouna rinoe 
gainiite indqiendenoe in 1S47. 

Both countries refuse to sign the 
international treaty banning the 
spread of nuclear weapons, and West- 
ern officials say that «uh now has the 
ctqiability to nuke nudear bom1» if it 
has not dieady done so. 

Some analysts esqiect India to start 
dephtying a balHstic missile next year 
wiA a range of 2,500 kOomdexs, 
meaning it could re^ targets de^ 

inriri^ P aKgfan 

India’s existing misrile ^stem can 
strike targets no farther than 250 kilo- 
meters. 

Pakisten in nn ad- 

vanced stage of devdopinent that 
have ranges of iq> to 600 Idlometera, 
anatysts said. 

North Korea is only one of several 
ballistic missile threats in Asia riiat 
put “a premhim <» viable long-range 
air defense,” said Derdc da Qinha, a 
senior fdlow at the Institute of South- 
east Asian Studies in Singapore. 

“Air threats in Ac re^on mve mul- 
tiplied,” he said. They indude loag- 


ran^ air-to-ground missiles carried 
by aircraft, cruise misriles fixed from 
iMd sea, and IwTIigtic mjadlea 
armed wiA dtennea], biological and 
nudear warheads, he said. 

Asia’s increasing industrial and 
tedmctioacal soiAistication and its 
growmg nnanctai stiengA are provid- 
ing the resources for developing or 
acquhii^ misak technology. 

Analysts said that tnrniofl in the 
former Soviet Union and its military 
indnstries was also providh^ new 
portoiuties for Asian oountz& to gam 
access to the expertise and equipment 
needed to make nudear weapons and 
ballistic missiles. 

Brahma Cfaellaii^, a ^edalist is 
the Peace Researdi C^ter at the Aus- 
tralian Natitroal University in Can- 
be^ said that even Ity conservative 
estimates, China had dose to 500 nu- 
clear weapmis, ttiriiiriwig tactical nu- 
clear aniis for aircraft and short-range 
missfles for battlefield use; not deter- 
rence. 

He said that China’s retention of 
battlefidd nudear weapons was caus- 
ing “serkMis concern to its neighbois, 
rince Russia, Ae only neighba wiA 
an acknowledged arsenal of such 
weapons, is coirently eliminating 
Aem." 

—MICHAEL RICHARDSON 


TRAVEL UPDATE 
Airiines to Match Continenlal’s Cuts 

HOUSTON (AF) — Trans Woiid Airlines and United Airlines 
said th^ would ntetdi fare cuts by Continental Airlines in aQ 
competitive maric^ while American Airlines said it would matdi 
the cuts on domestic routes and flights to Hawaii and would ma^ 
a decision on intecnatitmal flints. 

Ddta Air Lines said it was considering matching Continental’s 
move. 

Continental passengers have until Friday to take advantage of 
Ae fare cuts, of up to lO percent, that were armounced on Sunday. 
The sale tqipBes to roundtE^ coach seats on most flights throi^ 
SepL 29, and travelers most leave on a Tuesday, Wedneiday or 
Dmradjty and stay over a Saturday night 

Vietitem has approved a S500 mBBon ptan to eiqpand Haneys 
intemational air po r t, vriueb win indude the construction oAs 
runway and tenrunal, >fietnam News r^oned Monday. (A FP) 

Sontfaeni Cfaiiia*s first siqi eri Mn iiy, linking the boomtown of 
Shenzhen to the metropolis of Gsongzhon, coened to tr^c on 
Monday. The sbc-lane, 125-kflom6ter ro«l (^mile) ro^ v^ch 
took three years and cost Sl.l billion to buOdL was esqietled to be 
nsed by 30,000 vdiides daily. (AP) 

More Aan 300 peo|te escaped in BfdNMts Monday after a fire 
broke out on a car ferry off southern Norway. Dim was one 
minor injury to a passenger. (Reuters) 

About 20 armed bandfas robbed tevists and other passengers on 
a bus near the Kenyan coastal rerort of Lamu, the police said 
Monday. It was tlie latest in a string robberies invol^6ng 
tourists. (Reuters) 

Rfimaaian nfiroad nioBs bare postponed a planned two-hour 
waznmg strike until next Monday poiding further nidations 
vdA the Tranqrort KGnistiy. Rail wodceis are pressing for infla- 
tion-linlted pay raises. (Reuters) 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESa\Y, JULY 19, 1994 


Page 3 


Wm 

■as v. u: 



M *1 A . ^ - JtosfcCiliepo ll».>‘inoai«lJ*r«M 

neii AnnstroDg gKeting fans at an air show in New KhoxvSQe, Ohio, as the 25th anniversary of his moon walk nears. 


Americans RecaU M()on Walk Wistfully 


By B. Drunuaond Ayres Jr. 

Vat Terk Tiwm Serriee ' ' 


iransfixed by the scratchy sounds and 
images commg bade- from the moon. 


LOS ANOELBS — Tvi^ty-five years 
after the United States put a man on the 
moon, Americans stin turn great pride in 
that qxtchal aduevemeat ]tat it is a 
teo^em pride. 

Conversadons with doeens Amerir 
cans Hnd a penave, even melanchoW 
longing for tbie heady days of July 1969, 
whra w natitm, dnpite crippEng ^vi- 
sions over issues like the \i!etnain War 
and radal equality, somehow stSl man- 
aged to poll tognher and collective 
focus on and attain an awesome goal. ! 


Today, mmyAiOfricans s^, tiiat spe^ 
dal measure of n^etiteness has 
lost while the ctivisioDs remain.' 


like maBicais of people is the United 
States and around me worid, Diana Kr-; 
chaQ. 48, a script andyst for a Los Ange- 
les studio, remcanbers ^lending JulyJzO, 
1969; in front of her television se^ £31ed 
with pride for manlmd and America and 


“Sadly,'* she recently lamented, “it 
turns out that vtbal everybody thmight 
would be a new epoch mter the moon 
'walk didn’t last sauch longer than the 
mooD walk itself. 1 have alwsQv been 
shocked by how fittie that moment car^ 
ried forwa^ If s as though it was a big 
hoax shot on the.back lot m a Hc^ywood 
studia**- 

Many peq>le Treated a phi^e that 
hug bfTO Prtf almost a rfiphfe ai n^ the 
Apollo I! mission, asking vriiy a nation 
that put a man on the moon cannot seem 
to acmeve earthly goals likeridding itsdf 
cS radss^ finding food, s^ter and jobs 
for the pem and extending health care to 
everyone. 

“It was this gr^t unifying momant. a 
kindof new fremtier," Barbm George, a 
bocdcstbre manage in Palo Alto, Caluor- 
nia,. recalled of tiie moon walL “But we 
have the same problems today as we had 
back then — poveit^, wars, ladsm." 


Don Oidham, 70, a homeless elevator 
operator in Seattle, offered a starker re- 
flection. Sitting outride a shelter and 
watching other homeless pewle shuffle 
into line for a hot meal, he said, “Moon 
walk didn’t diange my life — and didn’t 
diany their life.” 

But there is still huge national pride in 
what was achieved when Neil A. Arm- 
stroi^ the commander of the Apollo 1 1 
mission, first striped on the moon's 
dusty surface. 

At that time, Kevin Fogarty, S 6 , a 
Boston bus dii>w, said, “The U.S. was 
supreme.” 

Vet, random conversations, as well as 
national pctils, indicate that there is no 
real nariwiai yeaiuing for another multi- 
binion-doUar manned thrust into space 
toward more distant moons, planets and 
stars. 

To the contrary, there are second 
thdu^ts about whiter the Apollo pro- 
ject riiould ever have been attempted, 
even if it. did take man farther than he 
had ever been before. 


IVlajoruy Cmej Decks Majority 

Gephairit Shops for Votes on Health Care BiU 


Comhnied from Pi^ 1 


By Robin Ttmer 

Ntw York TtmesSer^' 


WASHINGTON — Beii^ 
m^ori^ leader Hut House is 

behiai a biB. a^ 

m^ority is an entirdy diffaent 
experienoe, a pamstddng e^' 
cise in ego-stroking, family 
therapy, ioectio^cal fire-walk- 
ing and endless midging toward 
com pro cuse among members 
pas^natdy at odds. 

This is one of those mognents 
for R^ueseatative Ridiazd A. 


■shto and tbe White House.— 
and gets 218 votes. 

Tte R^ublicans are consid- 
ered an but certain to vote as a 
Uoc against, the “consensus” 


bSt put forward W Mr. Gep- 
hasm and the rest ct the Deo^. 
cratic )eadeirii 4 >. That meana 
beisesseatudly confined to the 
256 Donocrats in the House. 
And, as Rqireseatative Jim 
McDermott, Democrat of 


Gmhardt, the man uho must 
bi^ a consensus tot a health 
care bill in the next few wedo. 
His task is variouriy described 
! as Herculean and almost und^ 
able by his ebUe^ues; it is 
' deariynot/m'thefamtorheart 
or dm short oS. tempa. 

“I often say to people,” the 

* Missouri Dmnocrat said in an 
. interview last wedc. ’^t luy 

* great fear as mdori^ leader is 
that there is .no n^mi^, that 
we’ll be unable to act, that there 
isn’t enough agreemait to find 

i>;a nuyority. People have bopm 
‘ to expect that jfs ea^ to find 
agreanenL’* 

Mr. Gephaidt,vriiohasq>ent 
] 8 of his 53 years in the Housev 
added: “It isn’t so easy, and it 
can’t be so eaCT. It has to be 
hard. Because the disagreement 
is deq>: it’s ftodamentaL” 

This is not mmely the proieo- 
tive plmring down of expecto- 
tions. The challenge facing tiie 
majority leader is iriwnens e^ as 
be wiflires his way from meetmg 
to meeting, caucus^' to cloak- 
room, se^mg a political fonnu- 

la that satiSies the goal <n 
health insurance for every 

* American — 'still' the bottom 
line of the Dimiocratic leader 


40 'votes in - nne is not very 
hard." 

Already, to dtejust oneissue^ 
35 DesBocrats have rigned alet- 


Hie diallenge 
ia4^ng the maj'ori^ 

fa 8ntmp.na s> 

as he makes ills way 
Brom meetiiig to 
meetiiig. - 


ter declarmg th^ will bolt if the 
covers wortimi services; 70 
ofhms have made a riimlar 
threat if it does not 
“As alwws, we have tenaons 
in both ea£ ^ our pai^," Mr. 
Cqphardt said, somewhat deli- 
cately ««»a»ng tbe'sitnatiicm in^ 
side the Deroocratic caucus. In 


and ^^^osophical divisions 


amfm g House- Democrats been 
more apparent. 

The caucus ranges from mmi- 
malists like Rqaese nt a ti ve J. 
Roy Rowland, a former family 
doctor from Georgia who badu 
a modest package of new insur- 
ance indnstiy laws, to maximal- 
ists like Mr. McDermott, a f<x>- 
mei psychiurist from Seattle 
who Ddieves m a Canadian- 


style system (ri national health 
insurance called single payer 
that is financed by taxes. 

There are also restless conser- 
vatives and moderates, such as 
Representative James Cooper 
of Tennessee who are pusbmg 
fw a more pnwtftH ^partisan 
faffl without univeisal coverage 
or a requirement that compa- 
nies pay for insurance. 

And then there are the mem- 
ben vriio vri^ in thdr heart of 
he^, that.this u^Ieasant, 
ri^ issue would ri^dy go 
away. Or the White House 
woi^ strike some conpromise 
on universal coverage that 
would xhake the process easier. 
Or that the Senate would take 
the hard votes first f(v a diange. 

Ihe maionly leader, at least 
so far, has drawn a lioe in the 
sand on universal coverage. 

essentially means mem- 
bers wQl not be pared a vote on 
scane form of a reqinremeaxt 
that conpanies pay for thdr 
workers* insurance, because 
that is the primary means of 
paying for such covetag& Why 
not just ^ve on umveisu cover- 
age, as some promment Demo- 
crats in the Senate, inclnding 
Senates Danid Patrick Moyni- 
han (ri New York, already have? 

.'*^e bdieve, the presideot 
bdieves and a lot of other peo- 
ple believe," Mr. Gephardt 
said, “that it ties at the heart <rf 
your atalify to get other inpor- 
tast reforms done. If there was 
a way to get costs moderated 
and contun^ withont it, if 
there was a way to get the sys- 
tem to work more ccmpetitivdy 


and effideniW vritiiout it then 
it would be fine to put it as a 
back-burner goal or a subsid- 
iary goal But unfortunately, it 
lies at the heart of being able to 
get the system lefoimed.’’ 


Aw3y Fro in Poiitics 


A An niithmlr of dritt^resistaiit tiibacidki^ 

ailwgh sdiool in 

the worst ever rewMted m a sdwo^ the 

United States, state 

292 students, or 23 P™** ^ 

tested positive for the 

1993 £Sher 84 students ttt^ 

i^mVThe outbreak could have.bctt 

iS-old giifs perri^ent cougji. mmoul 

tuberculosis experts said. 


canceled thdr trips afw feddal mvestigatots 
rpmrted that thne paaiei^ers on a previous 
ennito had. beta hopfialued with L^ioq- 
aBires' disease. Health officials said thoe did 
not ppear to be enoo^ liric to quarantine 
the vKd, the Hoiizoa^.'udiidi is eperated 
Cdd»i 9 Cruises. 


•A JaDd^airiim nd|y for an EBts h>d^ is 
Hackettriown, New Jersey, tuned deadly 


■ iinni-frit ■ on its annual survw of 
report. Bejw cooduded that 


when jnembers of two fflototcyde groups ex- 
changed gunfire. TWo petple.were killM and 
three were wounded. 


risen 23 percent since 1987. 


0 Agriodtund effidab have des troy e d what 
th^ s^ was first prarm of Ameanized 


uavu — r — , • j 

A NauIv one-tUnl of flwse who had pumiirf' 
f««.NewYoAtoBennud. 


ha, but these came aboard a Dutch froghter 
tiiat had docked in Guatemala. 

NYT,Ur,AP 


“Tommy needs to under- 
stand that nmiey is sot just 
something you hm" she adds. 




A ‘WaUop’ 
On Jupiter 
Bedazzles 
Scientists 


A Haiti Policy Riddle to Solve 


U.S. Seeks Strategy to HancQe Exiled President 


Cenfiled by Ou Trm Di^fatdta 

GREENBELT. Maryland — 
One the biggest of the 21 
fragments of the dying comet 
Sboemaker^Levy 9 smashed in- 


to Jipiter on Monday, causing 
an explosion so that it 
overpowered monitoring in- 
struments. 

The piece of the comet, called 
fra^em G, hit the baduide of 
Ju^tCT and blottned into a 
htige fireball that for a few mo- 
ments was brighter than the 
planet itsdf, astronomers said. 
The plume of stmerbeated gas 
rose about 1,0(X) miles (1,600 
Idlometers) above the planet's 
surface, astronomers said. 


By Daniel Williams 

fVoslia^ttm Pest Serriee 

WASHINGTON — As re- 
cently as three years ago, Haiti’s 
elected presideat, the Reverend 
Jean-Bertrand Aristide, was a 
populisi firebrand who up- 
braided the rich with threats of 
nutit stoienee. 

Today, living in exile in 
Wafjungton, Father Aristide 
conus across as a moderate who 
rejects vengeance and talks a lot 
a&>ui the World Bank. 

The contradiction between 
the two Father Aristides pores a 
riddle for the Clinton adminis- 
tration, whose policy on Haiti 
has focused on retuming to 
power the 41-year-old Rmnan 
Catholic priest. 

In delicate talks, U.S. ofli- 
dals are working to pin down 
which Father Aristide they 
would return to Port-au-Prince. 


how mudi supetvison Father 
Aristide would accept Just in 
the past few we^ he has 
clash^ mth Washington over 
issues, including U.S. refu- 
gee policy and the content of 
U.S.-financ^ radio broadcasts 
to Haiti. Father Aristide also 
has refused to endorse an inva- 
sion that woiild benefit him, on 
grounds that it would breach 
the Haitian Constitution. 

In titort, Father Aristide is 
one lou^ cUenL The time for 
e xtr ac ti ng compromises from 
appears long passed. After 
three years of struggling with 


officials add, the rule oi the 
Haitian milit^ has been trag- 
ic. Haitians have been trauma- 
tized by a campaign of terror, 
rape and death. 

Father Aristide is a pop^ 
who used mob power to intimi- 
date political antics. During his 
seven-moDib stay in ofisc^ he 
^ke approvis^y of “neridac- 
ing," tne practice of ignitii^ a 
tire around the neck ctf victims 
of street execution. 


I Democracy Key Factor* 


Washingum's reluctance to get 
deqily invdved with Haiti, 1» 


has American poU^ close to 
where he wants it and he is not 


CAMP: 

KiddieCcpitalisrn 


lemonade they can pour. The 
kids love it Maybe even dkwc 
than th^ like talkmg stodcs, 
which is what they do when 
they’re not derigning sbc^jjnng 
mans (“Mine has toys on the 
ground Hoot, men’s clothes on 
the scccmd a^ women’s on the 
third," says Stephen Goldberg). 

It’s 96 de^ees Fahrenhdc (36 
d^ees centigrade) and sunny, 
the pool outside is enqity. 
No one plays on the colly's 
fields of green. The kids are on 
thecarpeting inside a dormitory 
apartment, learning about 
loans. Excqit that when the 
counselor, Jmchelle D'Adamo, 
tries to launch her lesson on 
interest rates, the kids already 
know evei^hiflg she was about 
to^. 

*Tncy are very, very smart," 
says Ms. D’Ada^ “These are 


lads who can s^ aD the prest- 
dects’ names, th^ nqilained 
“interest* to us. u*s a class 


“The busmess stuff is a tiny, 
ny part of the market," hu. 


ony part of tibe market, Mr. 
jobsstem says, “but it's here to 
stay.” 

“Everything is moiiey, mon- 
ey, mon^y now," says Sheila Pe- 
ter, Tonnny's room. 


“It was a big wallop," said 
Eugene Sioemaxer, a U.S. Geo- 
logical Smvey scientist and co- 
discoverer of the comeL He es- 
fiynatad the energy released 
tw fragment G was equal to 
ateut 6 million wBffMns of 
TNT and created temperatures 
of more than 50,000 degrees 
Fahroihdt (28 JXX) d^rees cen- 
tigrade). 

“it had an absolutely spec- 
tacular effea in its impact on 
the planet," Mr. Shoemaker 
said. 

He said that both G and H 
were about 2 ntiles in diameter. 

Fragment G was fdlowed by 
the equally large fragment H. 
At le^ two more m the 21 
fragments of Shoemaker-Levy 9 
are of siinilar size. 


The question is etoedrily sig- 
nificant because President Bill 


nificant because President BUI 

riin tnn 15 thinking of sending 

U.& trCK^ to rdnstall Father 
.^^xi&tide. Washington also plans 
to station U.S. forces in Haiti to 
defend him after his return, 
whether the militaiy r^ime de- 
parts peacefully or is ousted by 
force. Maid would then become 
a U.S. protectorate. 

Will Washington move to su- 
pervise or even restrain Fatiier 
Aristide? Will its troops have to 


f irotect opposition ^liticians 
rom attam by poor, persecut- 


from attacks by poor, persecut- 
ed and embitterm Haitians? 

^ far, rignais are mixed as to 


letting ga 

Draobtic political pressure 
from U.S. liberals, combined 
with the need to deal with a 
dramatic exodus of Haitian ref- 
ugees, has forced the adminis- 
tntimt to make the restoration 
of Father Aristide a top foreign 
policy priority. 

Now, no matter the difficul- 
ties, Clinton administration of- 
ficii say ti^ are committed 
to Father Aristide for a ample 
reason: He won a free elecuon 
in 1991 «ith 67 percent of the 
vote. 

“We are dealing with a basic 
fact: that Aristide is not just 
ptxntiar but worshiped in Hai- 
ti,'* a senior offidal said. 

If Father Aristide’s brief stay 
in offiw was imperfect, U.3 


The U.S. secretary of state, 
Wanen M. Christtmfaer, sug- 
gested on Mondi^ mat a U.S. 
invasion of Haiti could go 
ahead without the stated sup- 
port of Father Aristi^ Reuters 
rq>orted from Washington. 

“We'd certainly like to have 
bis support and cooperation" 
for any future invaaon to oust 
Haiti's military rulers, Mr. 
Christopher said. But he added 
that “the restoration of democ- 
racy is the key factor that.” 
Mr. Christopher spoke on an 
NBC program from Jerusalem, 
where he was on a Middle East 
peace rmsdoa. He said the 
United States would like to 
avoid the use of force in Haiti, 
“but it may ccxne to thaL" 

The secretary said that any 
U.S. interventioQ would last 
**inore than days, but certainly 
less than years," and could cost 
“in excess of several hundred 
miUion dollars to a range of 51 
WDion." 


POLITICAL NOTES 


By Monday afternoon, nine 
fragments had smashed into Ju- 
piter since the bombardment 
started Saturday. The last frag- 
ment, W, is eirpccted to hit the 
planet Friday. 

“The energy released is be- 


Onward Chrisilan Rightists 


The Lure of Chappaqulddlek 


yond any of our experiences on 
Eai^’’ said Lucy McFadden, a 
Universi^ of Maryland astron- 
omer. “Ten thousand megatons 
is the total energy that we can 
create on Earth with bombs." 

Infrared radiatiim was so 
great from the cjiplosion that 
detectors at the Kj^ Observa- 
tory in Hawaii were over- 
whdmed, or saturated. 


PORTLAND. Oregon — As the struggle 
intensifies around the countiy between more 
traditional Republicans and their counter- 
parts on the Christian right, the first battle 
here in Oregon, a stale long known for its 
political lolcnincc. is already over. And the 
fundamentalists have emerg^ triumphant. 

Candidates backed by religious conserva- 
iK'cs have defeated more moderate oppo- 
nents in the Republican primaries for gover- 
nor and for three seats in the House of 
Representatives. They have also posted a 
number of successes in state legislative races. 

Maty .Alice Ford, defeated after 1 3 years in 


CHAPPAQUIDDICK ISLAND, Massa- 
chusetts ■ — Prom his lemonade stand at the 
intersection of Chappaquiddick and Dyke 
roads, Louis Becker, 12. offers tourists direc- 
tions to the beaches, the wildlife reservations 
or the Mytoi Preserve, a Japanese garden 
where a red wooden footbridge crosses a 
pine-shaded pond. 

But most visitors have another bridge in 
mind: the Dyke Bridge. Twenty-five years 
ago. on the night of July 18, 1969. Senator 
^ward M. Kennedy drove his Oldsmobile 
off the bridge into Poucha Pond, and his 


the state legislature in a 


The titanic bombaidment 
has created pockmarks and 
blemishes on Jupiter's cloud- 
covered. face. The marks were 
spreading out, and some had 
grown to be bigger than the 
diameto- ed Earn. Scientists 
said the scars seemed to be thin- 
ning, and it was unknown how 
long they would last. 

Aslron omens at observatories 
around tte t^ld bq>ed that 
eadh fresh expl^on would re- 
veal hitboto concealed details 
of the planet’s structure. 

Jupiter is almost all hydrogen 
g fty, with only a relativ^y small 
central core. But as a bigh- 
^)eed comet frasmeni strikes, it 
creates powetfuTshock waves in 


pnmary 

lighted her abortion-rights stand, is not 


that high- 


orr tne bndm into roucfia Pond, and r 
passenger. Mary Jo Kopechne, drowned. 
Mr. Kennedy, who did not call for help 


pleased. 


the upper atmosphere and 
pFobaoly punches through a 
layer of ammonia clouds to a 


thing. I mean, look at the family 
backgrounds of these kids. 
They already know they want to 
go to Harvard." 

Camp Lemonade Stand cer- 
tainly draws from the ranks of 
the ^ptf cnisL Elliot's father, 
Ratii^ is president of a hospi- 
tal Other parents are lasers, 
doctors, computer executives. 

These are folks who can af- 
ford to indulge in “sequential 
summers,” sending the lads to a 
series of specialized camps. 
Tommy Peter spent this we^ at 
Camp Lemonade Stand. H^s 
already been to soccer eamp 
swimming lessons this sum- 
mer. 

“Twenty )’ean ago, the vast 
majmity oi kids went to 
camp went for eight weeks to a 
gpersl sleq>«way camp," says 
Paul Johnstmt, who works at a 
Brthesda camp-counsding ser- 
vice. "Then Mdety turned 
against institutions, and as the 
boomers came through, the 
two-parent earners, thn valued 
family vacation and built up 
demaiid for shorter, specialized 
programs." 

Your standard summer camp 
— sw imwiing , baseball, nas^ 
food, lots of mosquitoes — 
seems boring to many kids, es- 
pedally if compared with a 
siioamer sd karate camp one 
week, lacrosse the next com- 
puter after that and a week of 
wildeniess adventure to wrap it 
“P- . . . 


layer of dense twdrpgen miles 
bdow. The sho» waves create 
instant and extreme heat The 
comet fragments are crushed. 

Even thou^ none of the 21 
expected impacts of the frag- 
mented comet are directly visi- 
ble from Earth, their afteref- 
fects become visible as Jupiter 
rotates and each inqiact point 
swings around to face Earth. 

The explosive force of the 
comets comes from their size 
and their extreme vdodty of 
around 130,0(XI miles an hour. 

(AP. NYT, AFP) 


'"(Juitc frankly. 1 don't consider them Re- 
publicans." she said. "I consider them reli- 
90 US opportunisis." • 

Still bitter over her defeat, Ms. Ford said 
there was “now a litmus test to be elected to 
office." She said, "I'm angry that I'm not 
considered a real Christian because I happen 
to be Episcopalian and I'm not bom again, 
whatever that means." 

While the success in Oregon is so far un- 
matched in any other state, a pattern is none- 
theless apparent nationwide. Christian con- 
servatives who once concentrated on school 
boards and other local races are looking at 
higher offices as they try to pull the Republi- 
can Party to the right. 

At least 30 Republicans who are waging 
aggressive campaigns for the House this year 
have strong ties to the Christian right. While 
several states have not yet their prima- 
ries. these candidates have already won nomi- 
nations or party endorsements in California. 
North Carolina. Virginia. Nebraska. Minne- 
sota. Wisconsin. Texas. Idaho. Wyoming and 
other states. 

“You're seeing the pro-family movement 
on the cusp of that transition from being a 
social protest mov’ement to being a main- 
stream political force that can win dections." 
said Ralph Reed, executive director of the 
Christian Coalition. 

Yet it is not clear how much appeal these 
candidates will have as they venture beyond 
local races. The danger for the religious con- 
servatives in Oregon and in other states, and 
for the Republican Party, is that many mc^- 
erate voters in their own pany will be turned 
ofT by the hard-line positions of these candi- 
dates and sh out the eleaion. {NYT) 


report the incident for 10 hours, pleaded 
miliy later to leaving the scene of an acci- 
dent. He received a two-month suspended 
sentence. 

Dyke Bridge has crumbled in the last quar- 
ter of a century. Hurricanes and souvenir 
collectors have taken a toll. All that remains 
are 23 weathered wooden pilings jutting 
crookedly out of the water, connected here 
and there by a few jagged, graying beams. 

Still, it has earned a distinction that is 
envied by many small innkeepers; a boldfaoe 
entiy in the “Fodor's Travel Guide'* for the 
region. 

Many people who live on Martha's 'Vine- 
yard. adjacent to Chappaquiddick, find it 
hard to understand the fascination that the 
bridge holds for people from the mainland. 

“It's son of regrettable to see how many 
people come just to see a bunch of pilings and 
wreckage and wood just because somebody 
famous drove off it in a foolish accident," 
said Louis, who runs the stand with his sister, 
Margot. 7. and charges 50 cents a cup. 

There has been some inflation since Susan 
McHugh and her sisters, wiio grew up near- 
by. sold lemonade on the same spot in the 
years after the accident. 

"We'd usually charge between 10 and 25 
cents to tell people where the bridge was." 


recalled Ms. McHugh. "Ifthey didn't pay, we 
would give them directions to the dump." 

riVJT; 


Quoke/Unqiiote 


Neil Armstrong, who 25 years ago was the 
first human to set foot on the lunar surface, 
asked if he thinks about his moon walk often: 
"The answer is no. but it gets brought to my 
attention a lot." (AP) 


Simpson May Oaim Frame-Up by Racist Detective 


The AssodateS PrtK 


LOS ANGELES — Lawyers 
for O. J. Simpson will probably 
argue that thdr client was 


The article cites interviews 
with at least two leading mem- 
bers of Mr. Sin^isoiD's defease 
team, who are not identified. 


framed by a racist police detec- 
tive who planted key evidence 


The matching bloody gloves 
- one found by the sl^ed 


on his estate, accorifing to a 
magazine report. 

Members of Mr. Simpson’s 
dtfense team will contend that 
Detective Mark Fuhrman 
found two bloody gloves at the 
scene of the murders of the for- 
mer football star's ex-wife and 
her friend and that be took one 
to hfr. Samson's estate, where 
he claimed to have found it, Tne 
New Yorker reports in its July 
25 issue, released Sunday. 


— one found by the slashed 
bodies of Nicole Brown Simp- 
son and Ronald L. Goldman 
and the other discovered on the 
grounds of Mr. Simpson's SS 
million Brentwood estate — 
were among the strongest evi- 
dence presented by prosecutors 
at his preliminary hearing. 

Detective Fuhrman denied 
the allegations. “Of course it 
didn't happen." he told The 
New Yorker, declining to dis- 
cuss the case further. 


The attorneys contended that 
Detective Puhnnan had two 
reasons to plant the evidencu 
First, he wanted to be in the 
spotiigbt. dm said. His second 
motivation, the lawyers ehaiy aH 
in the rqwn, was racism. Mr. 
Simpson is black; Detective 


Fuhrman and both victims are 
w^te. 

Simpson has pleaded not 


guilty to the June 12 murders of 
Mis. Simoson and Mr. Gold- 


Mis. Sin^ison and Mr. Gold- 
man. He IS jailed without bail 
awaiting a Superior Court ar- 
ndgnmenL 


TAKE YOUR 


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NEVER 



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0QR‘P‘Aee<(>g' 





MOOT) o. cnsruK urttar po. 


Fi 


A 


?Age4 


TUESDAY, JULY 19, 1994 


o P 1 


Herali> 


INTERNATIONAL 



Sributtc 


PIIBU.SRED WITH THE .VEH' YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


1 A New Era for Germaiiy 


le passing of an era 
last Tuesday with the d^armre of US. 
troops from Berlin and the fonoal end of 
loui^powia' occupation. Pn^dem Bill 
Ginton and ChanceDor Helmut Kohl 


stood side by side at the Brandenburg 
e the Berlin Wall once divided 


Gate, where i 
and disfjgnred the city. 

- Germany’s highest court that very day 
conftnned that the country's constitu- 
tion poses no iinpedimeat to involving 
German troops in aulitaiy opmations 
abroad. That is reassuring for those who 
believe that Gennany n^s to carry its 
wdght in securing Eurc^. 

But the issues of America’s troop pre- 
sence and Germany’s militajy role have 
obscured the chan^ relationsUp. Once 
Germany was mucaiily d^tendent on 
NAIX) aad deferred to Amencao wishes. 
Now the two coc^ierate as equals with 
common interests. 

Those interests are now more econom- 
ic than militaiy. Both countries, unlike 
much of Western Europe, see the need to 
open markets to struggling economies in 
the East and to integrate ml the East and 
West politically. As FresideDi C^ton 
said in Beriin, **trade, as much as troths” 
will bind nations in the next century. 

The Amoican commitment to Ger- 


impediinent remains. No Gemian gov* 

ritfiout 


man security remains firm, although its 
eh£ 


importance has dedined with the Soviet 
Union’s demise. Continued cooperati<»i 
between the two countries is st^ essen- 
tial. however, to deal wiUi today’s secu- 


rity concerns — instabili^ in Eastern 
Europe and the former ^viet Union 


nltmg 

politic transformation. 


German troops must play their part. 
Germany is now a normal nation capable 


emment is lik^ to plunge ahead ^th( 
a sizable majority and strong internation- 
al approval, and Gennany is likely to 
confine itsdf to peacekeqnng. 

But Germany’s militaiy contribution 
may be less important to future German- 
American relations than the economic 
andjMlitical commitments it shares with 
the United States. Both countries have a 
stake in pr o mot in g the East’s recovery by 
giving it acceK to Western markets. Both 
want to see Europe’s political culture and 
security community extended eastward 
to Russia. Neither can afford a resuoip* 
tion of Russian-Gennan rivalry over 
Eastern Eui^. Toother, they could re- 
assure Russia and its neiglibors; thm 
"vMws finding new ways to wodt with 
Moscow on security matters. 

Those shared values make the Ger- 
man-American rdationship qieciaL 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


Everyone’s Ball Game 


Fine Players^Ime Fans 


■ In a radical turn of the winniog-is* 
everytiting spirit that marks and, some 
would say, mars American sports, few of 
the mini ons of Americans watched 
Italy and BrazQ play for the World Cup 
title on Sunday could have cared very 
much wbo won. Almost everywhere dse 
in the world soccer may be a passion 
which, in the extreme, fans literally kill 
for — as Andrts Escobar was killed in 
Colombia after becoming the goat ctf his 
team’s loss. In the United States, howev- 
er. soccer is still much more a middle- 
level partictpalory and suburban sport 
than a mass urban spectator craze. 

The bet made by those who brought 
the Umted States its first World Cup was 
that this climactic quadremna] event 
would ignite a fire and launch an Ameri- 
can professional soccer league next year. 
■It was a plausible risk to t^e. The United 
States is a great importer as well as ex- 
port of the global popular culture, and 
Its increasingly diverse population mix 
builds in a soccer constituency. Every 
game in the monthlong tourney, held on 
gra^ in nine cities, was sold out, despite 
an intensity of b^t and humidity that 
sometimes slowed second-half play. 

! The matches went on long enough to 
let many fans catch on to the rules and to 


the art of it all — (be tap-dancing fbot- 
woiic, the arcing air game, the architec- 
ture of offense, the drama of one-on-one, 
especially in Ac penalty kicks. People 
came to identity wi^ some of the teams 
and playeis. The cork-popping dation that 
typically followed a '’goooaam!” was itself 
marvelous to bdoM, not to spe^ o( the 
undisguised despair of the victims. The 
predicted and storied spectator violence of 
the European game never came to pass. 

Yet it has to be left as doubtful that 
soccer is soon gcnng to make it into the 
Amencan big leagues. The ^orts-attepd- 
ing public, not to speak of me tdevisiou 
advertisers, is more comfortable with a 
game of cyclical excitements and pauses. 
The American World Cup tdeviaon an- 
nouncers, b]T the way. were ternble, sub- 
stitutmg insider’s jargon for hdpfd ex- 
planation when they <^ered even a word. 

The common conqrlaint is that soccer 
scoring is infrequent; it also h^rpens that 
the rules can put a premium on scoring 


early and sitting on the lead, or on sew- 
ing little or not at all and pushing the 


game mto a tenmnal shootout 
All the same, it was grand to play host 
to these gifted athletes and to the fans 
they broi^t with them. Who watching 
would deny that they gave their all? Oh, 
yes, Bra^ won. Omgratulations! 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


.Pdsuckquakkohatoog 


& 


Pasudequakkohowog: *They gather to 
ball with the fooL” That is bow 
^ve Americans described tte game 
they played with a stuffed deerskin. They 
were not the first, by far, but the simplic- 
ity of their game ^ps explain why soccer 
is today the world’s most popular sport. 


'There is evidence of Gredc and Roman 
nripins, too. Ihc modecn game was 
chapi-d in the 19th century in Englidi 
sdiools, refm«i in Scotland and spread 
through the empire. Wherever it is 
DlavedT the game inmues deep passions. 


nowhere more than m Europe turd Latin 
ccer clat 


Anyone and any number can play. All 

Hdd — 


you need is a ball and an open fidd — or 
a street, or a beach. It is, for the most 
art, a dvil game. The rules are simple, 
lie skills and sramina aie demanding, 
and the artistry of the stars is wondrous. 


ai\#VT UVI V 1 ^ — — — - — r — — 

America. Buope’s soccer clubs are the 
worid's best, so outstanding that half of 
the men on Br^’s cup sqim play r^u- 
laily fOT those clubs. 




for 


dy fOT those clubs. 

Eveiy fourth year they return to 
r ibcar homeland in the World Qp 


artistry of 

The game has ancient and unclear 
roots, wu the first goal scored by a boy 


booting the skull of a Dane, as some 
-Englisbnien daim? Did it start with the 
^Tnese, long bdTore the birth of Christ? 


conqretitioiL The murder of a luckless 
Colombian star this nxaith, after his team 
was diznioated, provided sikI evidence of 
soccer pride gone fanatied. It was a trag- 
ic intemiption to a global cddiraticm of 
the game that belongs to everyone. 

— the new YORK TIMES 


Other Comment 


A Symbol f or a New Emrope 


Europe has just taken a big step. The 
composition of the July 14 parade [in 
Paris] demonstrated that we nnaUy un- 
derstand the value erf qrmbols in the 
construction of the Eurepean Commu- 
nity. Through the Eorooorps. the differ- 
ent countries offered a sinking display 
of thdr desire for union and of tiieir 
rapacity for actiem. God knows we re- 
gretted Euixrpean impotence in Yugo- 
slavia, Africa and elMwhere. And we 
Y^d be Dtisgiiided today not to rejoice 
in this common effort. For if great wars 
have become less of a threat, regitmal 
comets have been multiplying, and 


they require interventions of every sort, 

including hiiTnanitarian onCS. 

We should not stop here. If we are 
some day to reach our goal, we cannot 
count solely on the market, the economy, 
regulations. We must adopt a sweqzing 
viaon, and we need to become aocus* 
tomed to hxddng at the worid not just 
through our own eyes but through the 
p e isp ect i ves and sensitivities of our part- 
ners. We need an ideal, we need hope, 
and not just fears and su^ndons. 

Symbols have Main become gKcnrial 
as we build a new Snipe. Without them, 
Europe will ronahi an abstraction ratiier 
than dwdling in our souls. 

— Quest Frtmce (Remes). 



Intemabonal Herald Tnbune 

ESTABLISHED IS87 

KATHARINE GRAHAM, ARTHUR OCHS SULZBERGER 
Ot-Ouinnfn 


RICHARD McCLEAN, PtiUishtr & Chief Eitaohe 
JOHNVINOCUR.Etfa^Ba»rA KcpPhsUm 
• WaLTSI wells. Nev.s E£ar • SAMUS. ABT. KATH ERl>ffi KNORR and 
CHARLES MTTCHELMOR&Z^ attofs* CARLGEWDn2.Ao«vwfi*or 

• ROBERT J. DONAHUE, fy&prW • JONATHAN GAGE, fllwres fmnof fiftw 

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DincteiirAebPiMcmkm:ISduidDSmmims 
IXie^airA^oini de b PutBaSun: Kaharme P. Dorati 


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TeL : (I ) 46J7.gi(n Iw : Cbc- 46J70M 1 ; Adv- 46J7 1 Z Iitentf 


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itAHL CKr MfD KhbioM SO (^lueeiur Rd. Hotg Td, SS2-9222-iM SS2-9S2’/I9Q. 

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StS i^Caimn a» Tterf Aw; iVbr Yert NY. 10021 Td (2J2) 

U.K. AAfrtuing SSLmgAcre. London 

SJL au cepiiat de 1.200.000 F. RCS Nanierre B W02U26. Commission P^n No. 6IJi7 

et994,MmudorKiHaiilTrame.Aan^ivsp>>MISSNra»S^ 



Are Opening 
To Germany 


of sharing the security burdo. German 
politicians had hidden bdiind the coisti- 
tution whaievcr the question of commit- 
ting troops abroad came up. 

But the real impediments remain his- 
torical and pditic^ They accounted for 
the reluctance to join the coalition 
against Ir^; Geim^ did not want to 
gire any ri^ of military assertiveness at 
the time of reunification. Later, Germany 
hastened to recognize the indepadence 
of Croatia and Slovenia, whidi was ri^L 
But Germany was irresponsive to urge 
others to stand up to Sobia while it was 
inhibited from takidg its own advice by 
its World War 11 l^acy. 

Now that the ccHirt has said that a 
i^ority vote of the Bundestag will suf- 
fice to send troops abroad, the political 


By Jim Hoagland 


W ASHINGTON — June’s outcast, 
Gennany, is July’s favored child. 
Shunned a few we^ ago at the D-Day 
celebrations because of their history, 
Qianeellor Hdmut Kohl and his 80 mfl- 
lion reunited countrymen have been feted 
since because of their future. 

Fifty years after German tro^ were 
driven from France by an allied invasioo, 
German troops ae^ paraded down the 
Champs-Elysies, mistime at the in\itation 
of the French presideDt in the July 14 
^tiDe Day celebration. 

In Bonn and Beilin, Bill Clinton offered 
effusive praise for the Gmnans dunog a 
vigorous riat And with the vrithdrawalof 
the !**«* Russian soldier from German soil 
due by the end ^ August, oontinuin|, 
positive attention to German rebuilding is 
ensured throughout the summer. ^ 

More is at work here than iqrplymg salve 
in July to wounds opened in Jwe. The 
wounds from the allied decision not 
to invite Gennan participaiion in the Nor- 
mandy ccremmies. Many Germans frit that 
an opportunity to highlight Gem^ys 
break with the Nazi past had been miss^ 
But both the «hmi'nwig and the honoring 
were ^propriate responses by the outside 
world to Germany’s fateful 60-yw SCr® 
^ conquest, destruction and rebirth. The 
two-si^ response reminded Gemany of 
die wimf $ enonnous stake in its past, 
whidi cannot ^et be fully forgotten tx Ux- 
^ven, and in its future as a rKxrni natioiL 
The key forei^ fiem^ ^ creating this 
sequence was, fitting enou^ Ptesideat 
Franwis Mitterrand, a veteran of Winid 
War n who escaped a German prisoner of 
war casap. He has neither forgotten nor 
forgiven, but he is realist enough to know 
that France’s future dqrends cm Getm^ 
ghannriing its enormous oMigy; amVtion 
and strength into cooperating widi Einope 
rather than dmninatmg it 
Mr. Mitteirand turned aside Mr. Kohl’s 
entreaties fev an invitation to the Norman- 
dy landing a n myers a iy, many 

German nationalists. And it was be who 



overrode d omest ic protest and orches t rated 
the presence of Gaa^ <ioops in Frances 
national day parade on Thuisdw. The Ger- 
man mdhaiy returned to the Cnaiims-Ety- 
s6es for die'first «n*e since Worid war II 
undo’ cover of the Enioccnps, fhe symbolic 
g i m yn g lif French, CenzHo, Re^an and 
SpamslTtroops that the French see as a 
future mt»«ted Europe an militaiy force. 

^ the Euro fig km did not hide die 
pViti^ symbolism of the retum of Ger- 
man soldiim to Paris. It was Mr. Mitter- 
rand’s way of teQing his countrymen tiiat 
despite justified edevances about the past, 
th^ are better off ^ing to andior Germa- 
ny more firmly in Western Eun^ rather 
than ignoring or baiting thrir pow«ful 
eastern nea^mor. 

Coinddmtally, Germany’s high court 
bad ruled two da]rs eaxher that German 
troops can be sent into combat abroad 
de^ite the postwar anti-mflitaiist consti- 
tution. Germany can now be eaqiected to 
play a much lar^ lole in worid politics, a 


pcrfnt President Ornton anderiined in 

his dedarations. 

Mr. CSinton put beaty emphaas during 
his visit on his desire for an Axnerican- 
Gemum paxtoerriup to spe^ the int^ra- 
tion of fwmer Soviet satdhtes in Eastern 
arid Central Europe into the West At- 
•times. Mr. CSinton seemed to be offering 
Bonn a ptivil^ed poriti<» as America’s 
leading partner m raorope. 

July’s developments underscore that 
Gemumy eqctys optkms, and confronts 
dances, m bow to use the long- 

teon strength that leunificaticn prorid^ 
itemite tiie riurt-texm costs of ecooomic 
didocatiem and fringe extresdsm in pditics. 

F<» many Germans, tbemost important 
aanxversaiy this summer is riot D-l>ay or a 
BastOk Day tiiat indudes them, but July 
20. That is tiie aonxvecsaty of the fmled 
attenqit by tile Gennan reststanoe to assas- 
anate Hitter and end tire war. 

The leastanc^s action means that it is 
possible to ^eak of good Germans during 


WOTld War II without using irony. That 
resistance existed means that the re- 
spect for democrat and tolerance institur 
tionalized in the Federal Republic after the 
war has roots that reach be^k befene the 
defeat of the Nans. 


July ^ tb^ is the ri^t dity for Ger- 
of & worn in ede- 


% 


mans to join the rest - -- 

brating the dtfeat of Hitler, rather than 
Jone^ the ^Day anniversary. It was on 
Jnty 20, 19^ that Gennan patriots finally 
wMiAe tiieir ccmtiibution to a transforma- 
tion of Germany timtis not yet finidied. 

The historian Timothy G^on Ash re- 
cent described the Federal Rqwblic 

4 a_ m 44 T 1 — - - ^ vifitft 


one nation ... a nation in its ^ 

CQ^tiem (rf becoming.’* foUowing (he 
disapp<Mntmeat of June vnth the promise 
of Juy, Mr. I^ttenand, Mr. Clinton and 
other leaders have'outihied for Gennany ': 
what the futnre can hold, even if the past 
is not erased. 


77k Wds/ditffon Post. 


East Asia Needs Another Round of Economic Liberalization 


W ^HINGTON — Between 
now and the aid of the cen- 
tury, East Aaa is likdy to contrib- 
ute between a titird and half of an 
new global trade, continuing the- 
pattem of h^y successful com- 
mercial e;q»nsion of the past de- 
cade. However, its oppoitunities 
to secure kmg-term m^et share 
while giving an added boost to the 
worid ecouonty depend on more 
than just cantmumg to do ^lat 
has worked so well m the past A 
new round of i^on-wide eco- 
nomic UboalizatioQ is needed. 

East Asia has more to gain 
from freo: trade and investment 
than any other area. It also has 
more to lose if the trade surpluses 
it has amassed, and the p^tical 
sensitivites tbty arouse in the 
West, push industrialized nations 
toward any forms of inqrort pro- 
tection and diserhnination. 

East Asia has an unprecedent- 
ed chance to ^aik furmer Uberal- 
izatim woxldvride. It is too im- 
portant aphtyer in trade to remain 
on the sidelines as najor pirficy 
initiatives are dedded by me in- 
dnstiialized countries. Trade im- 
balances between the rmon and 
those countries mty wdl be unsus- 
tainable, economically and politi- 


By Yinod Thoiiias 


caHy, in the medium term. 


uty, 0 

East 


Aaan economies received 


neariy 13 per^t of ^bal flows 
of forrign direct investmem in 
1992, up from just over 3 percent 
in 1987. They have become such 
attrai^rve destinations for invest- 
ment that short-term balance of 
payments deficits anting from tar- 
iff cuts cotdd be more tfmn made 
up Ity keag-tezm investment flows. 
' Countries in the r^on have 
already done much to open up 
trade and investment, 1^ the 
strei^gtfa of their trade and eco- 
nomic expansion gives them a 
chance to do more. A SO percent 
reduction in protection levris in 
East Asia wiwd add additimral 
inqietus to about half the gains 
envisaged under the recently 
complied Uruguay Round of 
global trade n^otiations. 

Unilattt^ -liberalization by 
East Asian econcmiies would be 
beneficial, but greater gains 
would accrue from action across 
the r^on as a whole. This does 
not inq>ly the frnmation of a pre- 
ferential traidng bloc. 

Equally crua^ such concerted 
action East Asia would de- 

E pnd for its success on continued 
beralization among the indn^- 
alfred naijong. Bast Asia »nd the 
rest of worid woidd gain most 


from a broad-based rednctkni in 
protection levds in the le^n, 
applying to inmorts from all 
stales vribether in East Atia (X* noL 
Why lower protection in East 
Asia when the tc^on is doing so 
wdl? The case for additional lib- 
eralization is to prevent a prob- 
lem before it arises. Acdon taken 
now would increase East Atia’s 
ti^e and investmeail income. It 


would reduce the regj^’s pditi- 
cally sensitive trade imbamnees 
with tile rest of the world. It 
would increase the market esq)6- 
sure and effioency of importwt 
sectors irf East Aaa’s econoimes. 

the region doit? Cma^^ 
It has already quadn^ed livi^ 
standards in a generation and re- 
duced tiie fraction erf its peqrle m 
absolute poverty from about a 
- tiurd to a toith. . 

Concerted trade liberalization 


by East Asia would be an act erf 
em^teoed sdf-intarest. By ben- 


efiting tile rest crf.tbe wenM, it. 
would. 


.encourage mdustriaHred 
nations to suppcM sodb an initia- 
tivpb^tucm^ 

tzornsm'ai^ inward osjentation. 


Manila — Fidd Ramos is 


. prob^y the best presidlojt 
the rtwlippmes has si nce Ra- 
mon Msffisayssty. the great re 
fonner who was lolled in a plane 
cra^ in 1957. like John Kenne- 
dy, Mr. Magsaysay died in office, 
too soon to be tested as Mr. Ra- 
mos is now being tested. 

The anra of that sur- 
rounds Mr. Ramos is not as bril- 
liant as the Mr. Magsaysay 
wove, but his mfiuence may last 
longer and be more substantiaL 
The mood in the 
about the eoonraxnc and poll 
outlook is m(»e iqrbeat than it 


Robert Elegaat 


has been for many ye^ Not 
sittce the surge of optimism that 
greeted the inauguration in 1972 
of Ferdinand htooos, vriio later 
became the epitome of the cor- 
rupt dictator, mve pioqiects q>- 
piared as promisiDg.- 
Mr. Ramos has defused, al- 
though not solved, aimed insur- 
gency. He did so largely by invit- 

_. ^ jgg two 

groups, the Marxist- 


oriented New People's Amty and 
rforo National lib- 


Wrong, and They Don't Apologize 


B OSTTON — When Robert B. 

Fiske Jr., the independent 
counsel on Whitewater, report- 
ed there was nothixig to the 
honor stone about the drath of 
Vincent Foster, that Mr. Foster 
bad indeed committed suidde, I 
expected that those who had 
spread the stmies would be 
c^ed to accoonL 
Fat Robotson, for example, 
leader of the Christian Coali- 
tion, had luridly suggested that 
Mr. Foster, deputy White 
House counsel, was murdered 
and the crime was cove^ op 
by the Clinton adminisiratioD. 

Rush Limbaugh, the talk 
show host, broadcast a repw 
that Mr. Foster died in an ad- 
ministration "safe bouse" and 
his body was t hen spirited to 
the park where it was found. 

Alter the IRrire report, did 
Mr. Robertstm or w. Lim- 
baugh apologize for having 


B j Anihony Lewis 


that society needs govemmenL 
In his batmul talk about Presi- 
dent and Mrs. Clinton and oth- 
ers in office, he is really tr^^ 
to destroy public faith in 
America's institutions. And so 
are the others like him. 

The essentiality anarchist na- 
ture (rf the right-vnng talkers 
was inadvertently confirmed 
tile other day in an article de- 
fendiz^ them. It was an c^nrai 
piece in The New York Times 
by Midiad Hacrisim (IHT, Juty 
12), editor of the magaane 
Tafleezs. "We are hearing tiie 
infanl v(^ (rf a movement that 
is di^nked vrith the kind of 
president tystem oontimies 
to serve up," he wrote. Down 


with the Systran. 

"The voice of talk radio 


spr^ 1 ^ fantaaes? Not that I 
of. Nor, to oty knowie^ 


mow erf. 
did othess vriio had invented or 
spread con^nxausial theories 
^ut Mr. Fostei’s death. 

More important, did the 
press hold the ^neaders (rf (tirt 
to account? EMd rqiorters 
phone Fat Robert^ or Rizih 
limbau^ and a^ whether th^ 
would now utithdraw their 
chaiges? Not to my knowledge. 

T& piomt is not a narrow one. 
This ^isode is indicativo of in- 
adequate press attentkm to a 
real center (rf power in Amenta, 
the talk show hosts and poUti^ 

w^asaults (^^ Chnmn^ 
far that they breed a corrupting 
cyakasm about the veiy idea of 
govenuneoL 

That is Mr. Limbaugh's 
game: to throw dirt on govern- 
ment and anyone who beeves 


. . . wants to put an end to rul- 
ing-tdass aristoeiaGy.’* Aristo- 
crat like the son (rf a poor 
Arkansas widow. 

The right-wing voices have 

_. **_»*? T I J__.. S_ 


made significant headww in 
■ oyPresi- 


their canqiaiga to destroy ! 
drait Qinton. Those who survey 
pui^ (qrinkn are stattkc|, these 
days, by tbeextrait to which the 
la^er tffon to nnn Americans 
against the wU idea of govem- 
mrait has succeeded. A danger- 
ous cynidsm is qneading. 

The American press rqga^ it 
as a vital function to senUinizB 
power, ffiiesticsL it, hold it ac- 
countabfe. That is its pre^ ex- 
planation for^ving occupants 
of the White Irouse ahard tii^ 

But power does not reside 
only in the White House or gov^ 
enunent anymoTBL Those trim 
seek to destroy faith in tire poJiti- 
cal system have considerabie 
power now, power demandnig 


attention. Indeed, it is especially 
inqiortant to watch, and ^Id 
accounfetide, those vriio 
power without responability. 

Recent events do not give us 
much confidence that the press 
win do the job. Even some re 
1 press instimtiozs have 
1 the game of savaging tiie 
iton Wmte House and then 
failfng to admit tiieir 

Tune magazine wrote that 
tdqihone by George Ste- 
phanopoiilos over Whitewater 
bron^ up ’’the dread words 6b- 
stioction of justice.** Mr. F tske 
found no groui^ for such a 
ptosecutxm, as viitiialty any law* 
yra would have predicted. 

Did Tune apolo^oe? Not at 
aHAspokesmans^themaga- 
zmehro merriyprinted what an 
anonymous CTcial speculated 
Thafs journalism? Just print 
any alisurfity, exeroang no 
jufement? 

The Wall Street Jonnial edi- 
torial made Foster a 
tai^m 1993asawayofsnieai^ 
ing Afr. Gmton. When it could 
not get a phott^rqih of Nfr. 
Fostei, it tdrfc out its petty re 
vei^ in an editorial entitled 
**Wbo is Vincent Fostra?” There 
were two further nasty refer- 
ences to him befme he (x un i m t- 
ted sviesde — leaving a note 
that tpenrinpwj his (fistxess at 
the Journal editorials. 

After the Firike report the 
Journal wrote in its own defense 
that **dqpressi(m is a disease^** 
not Gtui^ tty iness cxiiidsm. 
Trite. Btod^neairaiini^tcrni* 


iizesponsible attarJes. An any 
event^anb(aorableedithrimgh». 

gyreas regret ter 

mindffd attars on who 

turned out to ham been in. 

The New York Thnra. 


the hfrislim Moro 
raation Front, to talk about their 
needs, ^th the coli^ise of com* 
m uirism in many parts of the 
WD^ extesna] smbrt and i(i^ 

' lo^cal inq»rati(m fw leftist revo- 
Intionaiies in the Fhilipjnnes 
have largely dried iq>. 

The president has calmed the 
armed forces, which staged sever- 
al abortive coups t^ainst hispre 
decess(ir, Ovazon Aquiiio. Thm 
he had a distinct advantage, shice 
he is a fonner ggnerfli, chief of 
staff and secretary o( dgfgn sff 

Ibis fir more adqpt at Iniman 
rotations tiiaa Mis. Aqomo, who 
was propeOed into tte raerideo^ 
Ity the assassination of her hw- 
Mnd, a strong (^panent <rf die 
Marcos dictaioiship. Mr. Ranwe 
has rikown diat he is realty to reo- ■ 
ognize his nristdoes aixT reverse 
course rather than stnbbocnly dig 
in Ins heeis, as Mrs. A({unio (fid 
& has estaUisibed a hestt* «oik- 
mgrriati(xuhip irith Congress. 

His nain must be oondt* 
tioDS for a better life in a more 


stable sewiety. He can ccnmi on a 
pofiulatkHi a fairty • 

tem*(rf edocaticai, altbou^ one 
thatbasbeenexploitedtogateift- 
tuxra by a sdfish inUng cI^. . 

A Protestant in a laigtylUiiiiaa -; 
Cathcrfic natiML Mr. .Ramos is at 
odds with Cardinal Jaime ^ the 
senkv prdate in tiie oountiy, who . 
has bem a kmgmafcer in tite past 
Thty disi^ire on. the cnicial isroe . 
(rf birth ociiQtiQl in a country whose 
population is hkzeasiiig by 2.4 
percent ayear. Sucdi iai»d growdi . 
slows the pace (rf eocmoinic jiecov^ 
eiy and n^res aneviatiem of pch^ 
QCty more difficult 

Nooedieiess, the economy is - 
now growing serfiffly. A (dii^c •' 
power riiortage seems 'to hare 
been solved Business confidence . 
is rising. The goveEXunrait’s pro- ' 
gram (rf pn^ressire der^ulat^ 
and maricet opening' is forcing 
compaiiies to increase effiden(ty,' 
inmfore products and services, 
and lower (xists. Fore^ invest- . 
mrait is increasin g 


Enoemoos ' problems teaaaiiL^- 
The foreign debt, a the.-T 


Marcos_ years, stands at nearly 
S34 bfilion. Uneai^(tyziient, uh-'. 
derenrpktymeBt, ■ew nre - 
tim and enyironmental bli^ 
are wide^ieisd. Land rdtonn,' 
Mocked in the tiast by a politi- 
cally powerful tended das^ st^ 
has to be carri<^ tTwreigb. 


TTtemfrer; a nowU^arui firmer 
■^btacwn^fondemisafilkwatthe 
IFisseitschefiskoaeg XU BerBn (tir- 
stitute ofAdreuteed Stu£o in-Ber- 
Bn). Heoontnbut^t^commentto 
^InleniawudBehildl^^ime. 


EV Pint PACES; 100, 75 AND SO YEARS AGO 


1894; Sugar Scandal 

NEW YORK ■— The Herald’s 
Correspondent at Washington 
. 4 ^satfoB has* 

.bw cai^ in the capital by the 
publication that certam Seoams 
speculated in sugar, notwith- 
standing thde dooials, and titm a 
. photogr^hie ec^ (rftiirar ordras 
to brokets is to be in 
tence, -The committee -typomted 
to investigate the sugar scandals 
ahom to lemrri, eaooraati^ 
die Senators of tiiexmptxtation^ 
trading in su^ stock. They are 
now debating whether or not to 
ret^en the investigatiom 


h?yed that they have no longer, 
the necessary forces with wfakk to 
and, secondly, because, 
™ the consent of the Allies to 
^ use of'Hrileifs army mxm the 
Galician front, the Polish' 


^rengm is immeasorably gceatei 
there than it has everbeen. 


1944c SoiniXid Ubext^ed . 


.^ra.AMERICAN 
®*FRWCE — [From o 
Yod: edition:]- Sainl-IA 
tant higiiway hub and tf 
city in tiie 


1919: RdSsb Reooiiqpiest 

WARSAW ^ Ptrfand has -now 
come to take die z»conqae5t oi 
East Galicia, as an aoconraHsb^ 
fact No fears are h^ ftat the 
Ukrainians will attenqit another 
(iffenaV^ fiistty, because it is'be^ 


ICiU lO / 

^ aftcniocni [. 
mattered town was i 
hrod s^diers dtow 


robble and deons in ui 
^BNymottar aaa 
fijfc The final drive toi 
'Nas tbree-pmng 

uQops xnoving in from ti 
noitheas4 and the ea 


TTte vriter, economist fir ^ 
East Asia aid tifi Pacific Regfim w 
at the World Bade in Wastunffon, 
corarShded this ' oommerU to Ute 
Interruxtiorud HeraldTribiaie. 


A Good President in the PMippines 


-V- 


■l 


T'., 




ii-." 

'•jr.' 

V:- 

tr::' 






* 


BVTERJVATyOWAI. HERALD TRIBU??E, TUESDAY, JULY 19, 1994 

O P I IV I O 


\t 






Pag^ 


Helping East SEnrope 
Will Help All Europe 


By Je^e Kidtcpatricb 


N! 



EW YORK — Today tbie 
iQost unportant questions 
in the Westcm woild are 
decided in and around the Eu- 
ropean Union. A new pcdiiks is 
emei;ging with the concept of 
Birope at its cento-. So- far. 
thm u no agreement about 
what it is Or umere its borders 
are located, fiat a vitally inq>oz^ 
tant dd)ate is under way. 

have always found the 
word ‘Europe* in the months of 
those politicians who wanted 
from other powers somatiwtia 
they did not dare to denwiTwi ja 
their own name,** Otto von Bis- 
ma^ observed with a claziiy 
easily , mistaken for cymcasm. 

What does Hdmut Kohl not 
dare to ^i****and -in Germains 
own name when he advocates a 
European Unicm almost as large 
as the cm&ent in which gS- 
many remains the largest 
As Kfr. Kjolil receofly en ' ~ 
to the Frendi daily Le 

“The Czech Rqamfic^ 

Hungaiy win nece»tily bf 
come membeis cf the Europe 
Union one d^. And for us ue^ 
mans it is dev that the 
border oi Germany abnwid not 
remain the border of die Euro- 
pean Umoo, because fidand 
must be part at Eurq^“ 

*‘But,*^ he addeiC “Rnsaa 
win not be able to jom the En- 
ropeao Umoa.** Russia would 
not fit It is too big. 

What Kfr. Kohl hopes to 
achieve through “Euro^” but 
does not dm to demand is, I 
believe, this: an expanded; inte- 
grated Euk^ in miich Germa- 
ny is the largest state, a Eortm 
(Ml the Mmtncbt model with 
reformed pdidcal insdtutians 
in which a united Gem^ win 
have the larger voice. 

This Europe — affinent^ In- 
dus trial. democxatic—winbea 
superpower in its own n^t, 
with its own iostitudons in 
uhidi mmalreits own deciskBi& 

Germany cannot deanand to 
be a supeipower, able to domi- 
naie its ndghbtns. But Mr. 
Kohl, has duewdly steered 

Germany through the process 
of reunification, can won fm- a 
‘‘Europe’* that is both “wider* 
and “deep ^ awT «ti«i jpves 
Germany the dcmtinant rale it 
dares not demand. 

To bmld this Europe Geona- 
ny needs xeSalde aHieK in die 
internal politics : of the EU. 
France h^ been the principal 
afly. “cur most ntDcrtimt p^- 
ner to the vat,” Mr. Kotd seys. 
But that is not the status Ptaace . 
demandsin Eimve'a name 

As long as Eurc^ was divid- 
ed, there was a neariy perfect 
ccmicideiice of Ftenidi ana Gep- 
man goals. France tockiBd to 
“Eun^e” to restore its stams as 
a great power in a world cf 
“superpowers.” It lodced to the 
Freich-GcnjMn relatknahio to 


Hnmjnatg Eur^ and to Ht 
ate it from U.S. b^emoiiy. • 
T^t visioa ^ of a large 
France at the ceater of a smul 
Europe Camriinni^ -r: was • 
realise for as kmg as the Cold 
War lasted. Within the instito* 
turns of the EC Fiance wodeed 
to preserve that small Europe, 
and it is still woddng to Uodc 
or to slow cimansum to the east 
With EU membership 


diangii^ — four new memben 
have already been ace^ted — 
the French must prot^ their 
podtioo in the emerging bd- 
ance at pt^cal power in the 
Europe ihiou^ wm& they plan 
to caq|6Ct Rttidi power. 

So, if then is to K esEpaasion 
eastward, France wiD support 
the ixKdusion of Russia, under- 
standnu as Frendi statesmen 
have alwi^ understood, t^t 
geograidQr makes Kance and 
Russia liataral allies in a Eu- 


roM with a poweifol cen^. 

France and Getz 
came so accustomed to having 


Biaz^ • 
to 

dieir way in Europe that th^ 
were shocked vdien J(dm Major 
used a-veto to block decdon at 
the Rpeneb-Gennan candidate 
for preadent of the European 
CoEunisami, to succeed Jao- 
Ddors. They seon to have 
igooredBiidsh views. 

What the Briiish ask in the 
name of-*^Burop^ is a Imgp, 
diveRe, decentrahred area as 
free as posdde of obstacles to 
the movement of goods and 
ital and ideas. To dus end, Brit- 
ain has uraed esmannm and in- 
dnsion of die democFades of 
Central and Eastern Eur^ — 
indnding Rsnia. The Ktish 
go4 Mr- K^or decided, re- 
Q uirm that the next Enrc^iean 

CmMTBwionpreddgfrt ha enma. 

one ate wm remea the rules 
and membos* ris^bs, and is not 
c oflimi tted to a dosed Bnope. 

What of die rest of Eastern 
Europe, and Rusda? What 
demands does the word "En- 
xope”doak? 

In the name at Esrr^ they 
demand to be at an entity 
— vdiatevR entity tiiere is 
stretcfaxQg from tltt Atlantic to 
ihe-Urals, or, as KH CUntoo 
pot it last we^ from P<»iigal 
to Russia. They want to be part 
of its market^ its political and 
military its life. 

A^ so th^ api^y for member- 
«t>ip th^ 

Trbey do not want “associate 
sOtusr’ They do not desire 
merely to be “partners.” Rns- 
sda, 'Boris Yeusin - has- said, 
wants to be a full member of 
the European Union. 

ItiU Clmton ^poke doquently 
tp the vition a united Emi^ 
of independent nations tivmg 
in peace and pioqienty. But 
dtho^h it has a stal^ the 
UmtedStates has no vote in the 
intttntuxis that decide who is 
digible-for membenhm in £u- 
zopCL Stin, the task.of Wldbig 
fiamciwcks to sni^xrt the dem- 
ocratic institutions and free 
roailrets is uigem. 

■But it appeared dial .^ned- 
ca*s Europmn tdeads dwnisBed 
Me. Cfinton’s atgumeats as one 
more exanqile of wdl-meaumg 
Amencan f fyyviwm- 

Hr should act now to devel- 
op American irntiatives to xdn- 
forcB freedom in Eiutem Eu- 
re^ as once the United States 
lemfcaced freedom in Western 
Europe. Eocoonne' arid secuxiQf 
rdatioodi^ between the Unit- 
ed Stattt and die countries oi 
Ceutnl and Eastern &irope 
would ahnost surtity Amob 
ca's West BurtqiiM tiiends «- 
pwiui fli a r de&dliras instir 
tutions. ItSsworth atiy. 

b Xor.diigelB Tbnef ^))?u6catt. 


OTFICIAL REVISED 

* MAP OF * 


MDRPicnt^e 

/: 



A4SMi 


9AUa.S(IM C-W fiyspiCAK 


The Reporters I Krun^ 
Don H Wear High Heels 


By Anna Quindlen 


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


IMilipmes: Lo(& Agam 

Regarding '*In the Philippines, 
tm Asian Success Story With a 
Diffaenee” (Opinion, June J6) 
by Jaime Zobei de Ayaia: 

The article died above gives 
one side of the Phflq^ines eco- 
nomic nurade. As an in tern a- 
tional trade union organization, 
could we offer anoth^ 

Last month, at a UN confer- 
ence in Geneva, we issued a 
report on cduld labor abues. 
An example that particularly 
brarified people was that of 4- 
year-oid diildten sewing under- 
wear in the Philippines for a 
German tmiltinafinnal compa- 
ny, aduefa sells nuist of its 
cfotbes in Europe. Recent fig- 
ures indicate that neaity 5 mO- 
lioD duTdren aged 5 to 14 -work 
■tin tfaePidfipfnDea 

The report notes that Philip- 
pine law forbids tbe employ- 
ment of duldren bdow the a^ 
IS exo^t under tbe reqionti- 
Intity of parents or guaidiaiis, 
and only if there is so interfer- 
ence with sdKxding. But our 
report, carried out 1^ researefa- 
ers m the field, shows that there 
are breaches in the way the law 
is enforced. 

The InteKnatimial Confeder- 
ation of Free Trade Unions, of 
wfai^ I am assistant gsnoal 
seccetaty, is canmaignnig for a 
“sodal diuise” to oe included in 
international trading agree- 
ments which, among other 
things, would include tbe Inter- 
national Labor Organization 
proltilritioo on tbe use of cfafld 


labor. The confederation ur^ 
all governments, including 
those in industrialized coun- 
tries, to ensure that children are 
not exploited in the rush f<» 
economic advancement. 

If the Hiilippiaes is realfy a 
success stoiy, surely it can end 
this abhorrent practice. 

EDDY LAURHSSEN. 

Brussels. 

How Wars Are Made 

Regarding “K^y Americans 
(Letters, J'tdy IJ) from 
Robert C. PiUer: 

I cann ot agree fully with Mr. 
POler's letter about Americans 
and war — and I have taught 
U.S. history for half a century. 
He says that Americans “must 
see war as the absedute last re- 
course.” Some people — in- 
duding over one-tl^ of the 
Congr^ — did not beheve that 
the ilmied States should de- 
clare war a g^inyt Rri |«|jn Iq 
1812. Certainly Prudent James 
Pdk, in 1846, pravtriusd tbe war 
against Mesdeo: He sent troops 
into a dieted zone with the 
danger that they would be fired 
iqxo. In 1898, Preadent Wil- 
Uam McKLoky got his war with 
Spam demte the pouibility aX 
continued nqotiations. 

Mr. Filler says: “Roosevelt 
shocked Qiurchill in Casablan- 
ca in 1943 by unilaterally de- 
claring thu the ABks would u- 
cq>t only . . . unconditional 
siurender.” Mon historians dis- 
agrec with tius. In Us dassic 
"Fren]^ D. Roosevdt and 


American Foreign Policy/* 
Robert Dallek writes: “Roose- 
vdt’s spontaneity end Chur- 
chill's surprise are difficult to 
credit Roosevelt had with him 
at the press conference the 
statement on uncooditional 
surrender contained in the draft 
press release and notes precise- 
ly foretelliiig what he would say 
to the rq>oneTS.** 

BERNARD SINSHEUdER. 

Paris. 

Arafst: W>rd and Deed 

Regarding ”Joint Ride Could 
Make Jerusalem a City of 
Peace” (Opinion, June 2vi l^ 
Cershon Bcukin: 

When Yasser Arafat visited 
France late last year, be was 
interviewed at length on the 
radio. Askeo about tbe final 
status at Jemsalem, be resort- 
ed, to a metaphor usually ap- 
plied to Lebanon, that of tbe 
^’red line” that Syria is sup- 
posed not to trespass or ri- 
se ... He said: “If General 
Rabin has one red tine about 
Jerusalem, i have four red 
lines: a PaJestinian red line, an 
Arab red line, a Muslim red 
line and a Chiistian red line.” 
PHILIPPE DAUMAS. 
Montpellier, France. 

Prime Mim^ Yitzhak Ra- 
Un at Israel has decided that no 
matter what Yasser Arafat says 
about Jerusalem beiim tbe capi- 
tal of a sooQ-lo-be raestinian 
state, he will tdl Israelis only 
what he thinks we should hear. 


But what in the world can he 
tell us that will make us forget 
the PLO leader's call for a holy 
war against Jews, or that will 
erase the memories of the Jo- 
hannesburg speech? 

TOBY WIIXIG. 

Jerusalem. 

Regca^ng ike editorial '^Ara- 
fat's Identity Crisis” 26): 

A 1^ question has been on 
the mtnrfs of many Palestinians: 
Can Yasser Arafat, freedom 
fighter, transform hiinself into a 
statesman capable of upholding 
the Mestinian-Israrii peace pro- 
cess and promoting its cause? 
Neither kv. Arafat’s words nor 
his deeds since he courageously 
signed the Declaration of Prina- 
pte reassure one that be U up 
to the challenge. 

Much of the problem stems 
from the whimsical manner in 
vdiich be hi^hazard^ deals 
with issues, big and snuU, and 
tbe enatic way tbe PLO func- 
tions under his sole command. 

So much is at stake for tbe 
Palestinians at this stage of 
tbrir liberation that they sSn^y 
cannot afford to let their leader 
misplay his band. It is critically 
inqioftast for Mr. Arafat lo 
proveto the world bis tnistwor- 
ihiness and demonstrate to tbe 
Palestinians his abili^ to gov- 
ern wdL Tins is the right time 
for the right leader to do the 
right thing. Palestinians are not 
given to DRO worship. 

S. A 5HER1F. 

London. 


N ew YORK — >\Ticn I was 
a little girl 1 was enamored 
of the comic strip “Brenda 
Stan-.” Brenda was beautiful, a 
world iravrier with masses of 
wavy red hair and stars where 
her pupils ought to be. 

She had a mysterious boy- 
friend with a black eve pat^ 
Darned Basil St. John.' and she 

MEA.NVHg£ 

never wore the same gown twice. 

Brenda was a reporter. This 
was my iniroducuon to the 
newspaper business. 

Well, my own hair stayed 
brown, reporter or no reporter. 
And impressionable young 
people are still bring fooled by 
popular culture into thinking 
that being a newspaper reporter 
is a glamorous occupation, in- 
stead of a business in which the 
best you can hope for is steady 
work and all tbe stationery sup- 
plies you can fit in your purse. 

No teenager funning a 
school newmaper should look 
at Nick None and Julia Rob- 
erts, playing corapeiing report- 
ers in the new rookie “I Love 
Trouble.” and think to herself. 
DOW, that’s what I want to do. 

Comrary to what you w'ould 
imagine from this mo^'ie. news- 
papa reporting is not a cross 
between espionage and dating, 
and we feo^e reporters rarely 
wear four-inch heels to a train 
wreck. After almost 25 years in 
this business I can tell you that: 
• Never have I seen a news- 
paper columnist parked outside 
this building enthusiastically 
kissing a blonde in a red con- 
vertible. I have, however, seen 
Russell Baker looking fondly 
at his wife. 

• Never have I fallen from a 
catwalk under sniper fire and 
managed to grab the ail-impor- 
tant microTilrn right before 1 
plung^ to what looks like cer- 
tain death. I have more than 
once gotten nipped by the clos- 
ing doors of the suiway: Pve 
bra known to lose my notes. 

• Never has the subject of a 
story tried to mow* me down in 
a death car outside a steak- 
house. 1 was once spoken to 
sternly about a dinner bill on 
my expense account, but the 
encounter never included guns. 

This would not be worth 
mentioning if many impres- 
sionable wung people dio not 
get their fwt unpresuons of tbe 


new^eper business frrao 
movies. A generation a^o Uk 
movie was “All tbe Prestdest s 
Men.” It did not make reports 
ing look unreasonably glainc^ 
ous, except to the extent thtt 
putting Robm Bedford inia 
role could make being a Trafb 
pist monk look ^amorous. ''i 

But it did give the distiza? 
impression that if you worked 
hard and were a tenacious ip* 
porter, you could bring dowp 
the American presidenL ’ • 

Thus it was a rude awakenr 
ing when many Ol its young 
aficionados found tbemsrives 
covering proposals for solid 
waste treatment plants at zoi> 
ing board meetings. 

The best movie ever made 
about being a newsp^ier report- 
er was in 1940: “His Girl Fri- 
day" captures the kind of oeuv 
rooms we woriced in before 
cubicles and computers. Tbe re- 
porters yeQ “Gimme the desk” 
mto the phone. When they file, 
one says a murderer put up. a 
desperate struggle ana anoina 
says he offered no resistance. It 
is not an action movie unless 
you count tbe smart mou^ on 
Hildy Johnson and Walter 
Burns, played Rosalind 
Russell and Cary GranL 

“A journalist,” HOdy says to 
no one in particular in the 
aowded press room at the crim- 
inal courts buildup where the 
guys complain that tbe noise of 
the gaUows being tested is inter- 
fering with thdr work. “Now 
what does that mean? Peeking 
through kqdioles? Chasing after 
fire engines? Waking people up 
in die middle of tbe m^t to ask 
them if Hitler’s gewg to stan 
another wai^ 

Tbe whole point of the movie 
is that Hildy is going to leave die 
newsroom for the straight life 
and is lured into one last asri^- 
menL By the end of the day me 
buriness. exhilarating and te- 
^ous, crummy and wonderfuL 
has sucked her back in. 

“Because of you 1 remember 
how much I loved newspapri- 
ing," says Nick Nolte. staiirig 
into Julia Roberts’ eyes. 

Because of news, Hfldy re- 
members. When she hears betljs 
she leaps to her feet, and not 
because of some big blond guy. 
“I just thought il mi|ht be it 
go^ fi^ that’s all," she says. 
No espionage. No car chases.. 
Just a good fire. “ 

The Nenf York Times. ' 


CHESS 


BOOKS 


CONVERSATIONS WITH 
THE CANNlBALSt 
Tlie End of the Old SooAi 
Pacific 

By Michael Krieger. 291 pagps. 
$23, Eeco Press. 

Reviewed by Dene Barth 

T wenty years ago, 1 s ailed 
the South Pacific on copn 
boats and tramped deq> mto 
the bush, on a qu^ much nke 
that ofjoumalist hfichael 
Kriegcr. The search waaf or out- 
posts of Pt^ynerian rara^ 
tttiH remnants (tf Mrianesan 
cannibaltnbes.ItwasaiCTia]i- 
tic enand, undertaken both too 

late and too ndy, 

Thioogh Kxi«er’s eyes, I de- 
tect phMges. *^00 Kxi^er 
tracks down Chief Ttrfor, udioim 
be calls “ibe last great soice^ 

of Vanuatu (form^ the New 
Hebrides^ be finds to tm ^ 
bryn in a bhie T-shirt 

{Old diorts. 1 recall, ea* 
countering on Ambryn a 


Namba bow-and-airow hunter, 
oc^ hi a perns gouid. 

Kxkg^s coayecsrik»al ^ 
proach the unfamihar 

eocesrible, and there are. fasci- 
nating stops throughout his 
nairauve. But bis riiaotic is- 
; lades sensible ge- 


msn leaire some 
f^dwt» at sea. He also fails to 
describe the South Padfic’s two 
inrior population groi^ 
Fob^iemaiis, grabefu peo^ 
of probabW Asian orig^ axe 
sca tt e re d mroogboizi tim Pacif- 
ic. Their home iriands inriude 
tbe Taintiaii, Co^ Samoan 
and Tongan grom^ as wril as 
Tnva^mice the Elfice Islands. 
Kxi^er i9orts mterestin^y 
ftrwn tlie Cooks and TtiviuB. 
BMhesqoandm ^lacevrtwnhe 
investigams a preacher on the 
faifiwd of ftfanasian. 

The Mrfimeriimg axe a darit- 
enriy bailed people 
whose teniioiy strings east of 
Asia to Kriega concen- 
trates cn Mrianeaan tribes whh 
haxdsitoble lives in the Solo 
mosL and Vanuatu groups. 


Curiously, for someane seek- 
ing canmbi^, be ignores Papua 
New Guinea. Many tribes, do- 
voted to' w^are, so m e ti me s 
garnished with cannibalism, 
were unknown to outsiders un- 
til tbrir hiAland villagm were 
noticed by world War II fiieis. 

About oemg too late: Kem^ 
learns that where most lounsts 
fear to tread, rrwMftoari« al- 
ready are. Gospd-canying ad- 
venturers have been threading 
their rines around the lagoons 
asce London hfissiraaiy Sod- 
eey agents arrived on Tahiti in 
17^. They and their sphitoal 
progeny have often beoi adept 
at dfiriang off the floweriiig of 
indigenous culture. Today, sev^ 
erri denominatioas ke^ op the 
good work, winning adhoents 
1^ providiog radhneatary edu- 
catron and medioil attention. 

Krieger notes that even where 
harsh tribal manners apd envi- 
ronments have kq>t the mission- 
aries at bf^, pagan tribesmen 
define themselves in contrast to 
(he Ghrigtians clamoring for 
thi^ souls. Some Kwaios in the 


Sotomon tails who adhere to an- 
cestor worship now trier to thdr 
forefathers as “devils.” 

About bring too eariy: One 
ingalidt lesson here is that the 
contemporary collector ri South 
Sea tales makes many landfalls 
where ethnic renaissance has yet 
to root Some locals wlm be- 
moan the of oomnuznal 

harmony are unable to distin- 
girish the authentic from the im- 
ported of tbrir heritage. 

Kxieger does a fair job of illu- 


Vv'HAT THEY'RE READING 


• Wafter Sdiweiipe, instruc- 
tor at the Goethe Itonite, Ber- 
lin, is reading "Swing Hammer 
S\v^! ” 1^ Jeff Toirngtoo. 

“Tw book is set in tbe run- 
down Gorbals area of Glasgow. 



way 

scribes the Harjinit ^f a tradi- 
lioDBl manufacturing center.” 
(Michael KaBenbach, IHT) 



ence of South PaaSc dtizeas. 
But his description of the per- 
sisting cargo ^ts of Melanesia 
could be better infonned. 

Cultists believe that rich na- 
tioizs have appropriated maieri- 
al goods that triba] gods inttad 
for the cultists and tbrir kin. 
Their hopes of securii^ these 
goods have rested incania- 
don and the copying of white 
men's rituals, su<± as hacking 
out airstrips. Kii»er doesn't 
credit cultiss who believe that 
the Heniyens trf industrialized 
nations possess m^c beyemd 


production facilities and Chris- 
tianity. 

And bow about those canni- 
bals? Krieger repeats a ooover- 
sation be had with one connois- 
seur of human flesh, an anrieut, 
blind Solomon islmder recall- 
^ the dan^n and dising hab- 
its of his warrior youth. That 
mfonnant is now dead. Krieger 
also gives tbe family history of 
one at his guides, a saga of 
coded insulU to young men’s 
honor, revenge and contract 


Idllisgs that has the flavor of 
gang warfare in Washington, 
Exc^t the main character end- 
ed up as a rival tribe’s snai± 
decades ago. 

“Conversations With the 
Cannibals” doesn't deliver bril- 
liantly on the promise of its 
tide; yet its food for tbou^t is 
more entic ing. 

flene Barth, an assistant pro- 
fessor of journalism OX New Y(^ 
University, wrote this for The 
Washington Post 


By Roben Byme 

T he wifuiers of Ihe quarter- 
finals to select a world title 
challenger for Carry Kasparov, 
areata Kamsky. Viswanathan 
Anand. Nigel Short and Mi- 
chael Adams, 

In Game 2 Kamsk>' beat Vla- 
dimir Kramnik. 

In tbe Ninuo-lndian Varia- 
tion of the English Opening, so- 
called because of the de\elop- 
meni with 3,„Bb4. Kranmik 
chose to open the center with 7 
d4 cd 8 Nd4 rather than play 
the compact 7 d3 or 7 b3, Af la 
8„.Qe7. be chose tbe challeng- 
ing 9 Nc2 Bc3 10 be, which 
saddled bus with doubled, iso- 
lated c pawns in return for his 
gaining tbe bishop-pair. 

After 13 Nd4. the threat was 
14 NbS and I3...a6 could have 
been met by 14 cS!? Thus, 
Kamsky played i3...Nd4, but 
Kramnik eschewed 14 Qd4, 
which would have purged the 
strategy ^ attacking the d6 
pawn, in favor of sacrificing a 
pawn with 14 cd Qc4. 

On 23...ed, recapturing with 
24 ed? would have been a blun- 
der losing to 24...Re8. But 24 eS 
d4 25 saw Kamsky initiate 
one excellent defensive-and- 
counierattacking move after 
another. First came 25...Re2!, 
wiA the point that 26 Re2? 
wcaild have crushed by 26...Qdl 
27 Bfl Be2. which forces mate. 

Moreover, a roc4c move such 
as 26 Rcl would have let 
Kamsky chop down the white 
attack with 26...ReS. Accord- 
inriy, Kramnik tried the wild 26 
ef Rel 27 Bfl Rfl 28 but 
Kamsky came after him with 
28.. Jtg 1 ? 29 Kh3 f29 Kgl ? Qd I 
30 Ke2 falls into 30...<^1 mate) 
Bd7. 

After 30 Kh4 g6 31 Qh6. 
Kamsk y had prepared the ex- 



0 e f 
KRAUMK/WHITE 

Poelefoa alters? 13 


cellem resource, 31...d3) 32 Hjo- 
Qf4! Kramnik could not recap- 
ture with 33 gf? because 

33.. .R^ 34 Kh3 Rg5 35 KIM 
Rh5 wins outiighL And after 33 
Qf4 Rhl ! 34 g4 (34 KgS? h6! 35 
Kh6 Rh2 36 KgS ends in 

36.. .Rh5 mate), Kamti^ had 
won the time for 34..Ji6. 

On3SKh3gS36Qd4Rgl37 
f3, Kamsky struck the de^ve 
blow with 37...d2! Against 38 
Qgl, 38...Ba4! would have 
for^ a new queen. Kramnik 
capttzred with 38 Qd2, Imt after 

38.. .Bb5, with tbe annihikitxag 

39.. .Bf1 looming, he gave up. 

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, 'iii. - - - - u-'«. 



** 


Page 6 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, JULY 19, 1994 


Rwanda Cease-Fire 
Fails to Slow Flood 
ees to Zaire 



Refiig( 


By Raymond Bonner 

New York Times Serrice 

COMA, Zaire — Tlie rebd 
Rwandan Patriotic Front an- 
nounced a cease-fire and de- 
clared victory Monday. But 
even with the truce, representa- 
tives of relief agencies said they 
were fadng ano^r surge of 
refugees. 

International relief agencies 
had been pleading with the 
bels to declare a ceasc-firc for 
more than a week, but (be reac- 
tion to the Patriodc Front*s an- 
nouncement was subdued 
among relief woiters here. 

The cease-fire came only af- 
ter the frrat’s military opera- 
tions had forced more than a 
million Rwandans to flee into 
this r^on of Zaire, and relief 
agendes are eahaust^ in trying 
to cope. No one expects the 
refug^ to be^ returning to 
Rwanda anytime soon. Most of 
them are Hutu and they are 
convinced that if th^ go back 
the^ wifi be killed by me new 
Tuta-dOQunated govemmenu 

And another refugee crisis is 
looming. In the last 24 hours, 
more than 100,000 refugees 
have fled into the Zairean town 
of Bukavu, about 110 kilome- 
cers (70 miles) south of Goma. 
Another half a miUioa Rwan- 
dans may be on the move to- 
ward Bukavu, relief oftidals in 
Goma said Monday evening. 

“We do not need another ex- 
odus into the Bukavu area; we 
could not handle that," said 
Brian Atwood, director of the 
U.S. Agency for International 
Development, who made a 
quick visit to Goma on Mon- 
day. He said that Bukavu, 
wmdi is smaller and less devel- 
oped th^ Goma, would he 
even less able to handle a hu^ 
number of refugees. 

“It remains to be seen if we 
can handle this,** Mr. Atwood 
said about the situation in 
Goma. 

“It is the most exmordzna^ 
thing 1 think I have ever seen in 
my life,*' said Mr. Atwood, who 
is Preadeat Bill Ginton's coor- 
dinator for iniemational disas- 
ter assiscaaoe. He made the 
comment at the French airport 
base In Goma. The road past 
the airport was clogged with 
refugees tr^g to move north to 
where the relief agencies hope 
to establish a canq}. 


“Tliis is milJioa people 
lotAing desperatdy for fo^ 
for medicine, for care,” he said. 

For the first time in many 
days, border crossing at 
Goma was quiet Helds near 
the border, which had been 
jammed with refug^ were 
empty. U was the silence of 
death. 

In a field just east of the bor- 
der, down by the lake, there was 
a large area of d^ris: straw 
mats, gourds, an opai umbrella, 
suitcases, clothes. Hiere were 
sev(^ dead goats. And IS dead 
humans, most of them chUdren. 

Several were naked. They 
wme clustered logger. Th^ 
had been trampled to death, 
trapped betwee n the lake and a 
hi^ wall that protected an ex- 
pensive lakeside house. 

Charles Cyirabo, 68, found 
his 12-year-old grandson 
among tte dead. As he picked 
through the rubble, Mr. Cyir- 
abo, who was barefoot and 
wealing a long coat that was 
tom and tattmd, said be was 

looking fm* a good diirt to wear. 

He also pwed out a hoe. He 
w(^d use it to dig a grave for 
his grandson, he said. A few 
weeks ago, when the rebels at- 
tacked ms i^age, 18 members 
of his extended fan^ were 
IdUed, Mr. Cyirabo said. 

Up the road, the bodies of at 
least 100 refugee were found 
on the Zairean side of the bor- 
der. Many had been trampled 
to death xmen the thud of mor- 
tars and fvenghts caused panic 
among thousands of refugees 
who were packed into a small 
area. Next to one rock wall was 
the b^y of a woman on a straw 
mat, where she had apparently 
been resting before the surge. 

On the other side of the wall 
were the bodies of at least 3S 
refugees, many of them chil- 
dren, who bad been camped in a 
garden with a large cactus and 
mango tree wbra a mortar 
round caught them. 

Martin Rwagasore held bis 5- 
fflooth-old daughter against his 
chest, wrapped in a goat skixL 
Her mother was among the 
dead under the tree, where he 
had found his daughter. 

“1 don't know what I am go- 
mg to do,** he said, as be tried to 
convince Red Cross workers to 
take the little 



Sea 

rhififl Blocks Supplies foil (Ml 


By Michiad Ridiardsoii 

fnunutimti/ HeraU ThIMw. 


■ thh'WifanBol^ 

: W Iwieati chieC of Ptetrolann Inldligena 

of the SouCciairSea C«M Sca «?mtJ^ 
nSfSS by bo± «3dntries> ofl its daim are wdl over 

thres and idustry analysts said Mbad&y. \Hanan Idam^ the dosest uncontested cmiKSc 


to be ettner mpies or owlroyere^ jum iwentty. . ti--t 

turned back at least aim Yietnamese sessd’a^ . Isia^ to the cast of ?[^^«™,niiin8 
hwi ptme to lesiq^ die n& mpaxudy withont - Begin^s to these idands ^ 

myshotsbe^^ . : . . . : 


Begm^s to these i 

the confroamtba iqmeseaib a setkafi escy^ TsiwaB, Maliyaa, ow EmlqJp»n*s 
tiem of a potentMy etokishe dispuiebch^ - ■ 

Vietaam and C3nii^ wmcdt. foiighi a..2ai^ In April, when Vietnam awarttoda^w®®^ 

bloody naval sldimsh in a rioS iiaft ihfe • efl rdiriReaaion in am areajust west w W 
South ChmaSeainim... 

“Two Qunese;sh^.a£e stdeping.tlie driffing oBoaraamesled'h^MobuCttp, w tBe u 
at^vhies of a Vumanieseofl ^m die Waifait. $tat^^Cxuna ooodemi^ 


Bd bloc^” theFoieign Mimstry. in 
in a written statement to. Nodmbeis 
News. 

The Orihese statement said that , die drilBag 
was a “gzave** eacroacfameait on China's .sovep’ 
etgnty aid maiidme and that if it'did 

not sto|^ die Vktnameae side^rould be ze^Kins- 
Ue fw “the ensuing amsequences,** 

The 25,000 square kilometer (9^00 square 
fflSe) Wan*an Bd l^ock, windi is . about 400 
kOometen C2S0 mOm) off soodiem Vietnam, was 
awarded bsr Ghiiia to Ckestone Enet^ Co^ a 
SD^ American cA amqnny based in Doner, in 

A qrakesman for Grestonefs Chinesepaxtoer, 
the state-owned Chiha National Of^ioie GSl 
Coep. 
were 

surveys in the Wan’an Bd block before starting 
expkialory dnS^ for cil and gas. 

Beijing was evidentW trying “evorytb^' riiMt 
of riioothig** to fOTce toe lAetnamese rig to leave 


Htaoi asserts that both the Mow and Waa an 

Sb-UodBSae on Vietaaitfs contoWMl 
Ahalystisaid that the confrontation between 

the first Soanal xacie6ag at mmisicnal level m 
on Moodaty^a fo™ “ ^ 

^»sarari^probtems in the reg^ 

Ibe 18 counttim doe to 
T>Mii and China -as w«a. as the Unitod State^ 
Ji^an and', the members cf the Associ at ion of 
Southeast Asian Nations. , 

The-.Malaysiaa fcodgn nnxuster, Abduum 
Badawii said pn Sund^- that the sta^ty « the 
South Chhoa Sea was among the main issues to 
be discussed at dsafiaoct. 

. However,. Mark J. Valencia, a senior feUow m 

a«t<1 international fftlstlOflS 8t the 



iMiyatrfi ^ 

and Begin^s leqponse <fid not bode 
for ani^oiiated sblutioa of the ^sputed c la i in s 
in the South China Sea. 


li|i rififnnilnwrufm anacePme 

A Serb woman, with her modier, Monday at the Sarajevo grave of her brodier, 

who was killed in 1993 by a sbefl. lliey were burying her father, who was idBed Safvihy. 


JAPAN; 

PoHcy Speech 

CootiBued from Page 1 

and characterized the U-S.-Ja- 
pan sectiii^ trea^ as the pen- 
topiece of Japan's foidga poE- 
cy. 


BOSNIAs Serbs Appear Bea^ Uf Reject Poiiition Plan 


Coodaned from Page 1 

Partiacaenl was called into spe- 
dal session to consider the fust 
Bosnian plan to be devised by 
five major powers — the United 
States, Russia, France, Britain 
and Germany — for the divi- 
sion of Bosnia, giving the Mus- 
lim-Croatiao federation 31 per- 
oeni and the Bosnian Seriis* 
own self-declared republic the 
rem^der. 

The partition plan would re- 
quire Serbs to give up about 

one-third of the tenitorv thev 


now hold, which covers 72 per- 
cent of the entire country. 

President Slobo^ Milose- 
vic of Serbia has made it dear 
tfarou^ the state-controlled 
media in Bel^ade that he wants 
his Bosnian Serbian allies to ac- 
cqit the plan so that United 
Nations sanctions will be eased 
on his economically pres^ na- 
tion. He reportedly held a series 
of secret meetings vrith Mr. 
Karadzic over the past two 
weeks in Belgrade to try to con- 
vince him to back the plan. 


ButMr.Mnos»ichascaie- 
fully avoided mMno my pnb- coostttnti^ which 

Ikstatonenuuttistet^tthe 


lie statements in&istmg 
Bosnian Serbs vote yes. 'He also 


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h&s not come to Pale to speuk to 
the Bft gnian Serbian Paruamest 
as he did in last On 
that occasion, the Bosnian 
Serbs flatly rgected his advice 
and vot^ down another pe^ 
plan, leading to the tightiming 
m sanctions on Serbia. 

Tbe five sponsoring powers 
of the latest partitioc^im have 
threatened both to tighten sanc- 
tions fmtber on Serbia and lift 
the arms embargo on the Mus- 
tim-Croarian federation if tte 
Bosnian Serbs again rg'ea it 
But tbe threat appears to have 
had little impact on the calcula- 
tions of the Sertis heieL 

Mr. Karadzic told his Faiba- 
ment that tbe cuircot plan 
would mean that “over 400,000 
Serbs” would have to be reset- 
tled elsewhere and that tbe Bos- 
nian Serbs* self-proclaimed 
“Republic of Srpw** wodd 
have no access to the sea and 
wodd have to be merged into a 
^oinl state with our enenor.” 

Mr. Karadzic was brutally 
frank in wanting his Parliament 
that rgection m tbe partition 
would lead to even ginter in- 
temalionaf isolation for tbe 
Sobs, probable NATO atiadcs 
and toore war and hardship. 

The Bosnian Seri>ian leader 
eves stmgested that the next 
phase oftbe fighting could go 
beyond Bosnia's boraeis and 
involve a Cght to the finish 
against tbe Muslim-Croatian 
federation, 

“ We have to be leatfy to wage 
intensive warfare on a daily ba- 
sis until the defeat of our eneaxw 
or OUT own defeat and expd- 
soQ from these lands,” he said. 
“If our enemy wins, they will 
not be meiciful and generous 
because they are uncompxqotis- 
ing and le^y to e a terminate 
us.” 

De^te Mr. Karadzic's dire 
warnings, tbe mood among 
deputies seemed ovawbdnung- 

in favor of voting no to the 
partitioa plan. However, sever- 
d makers suggested that any 
deemon riiould be pos^xm^ 
oatil tbe details of tbe entire 
peace were made avail- 

able; mafcmg clear whether the 
seif-prodaimed Bosnian Serbi- 
an tcpu^ would be allowed to 
fonn a federation with Serbia. 


Mr. Murayann said he sup- 
ported a military with “the nec- 
essary wwtowwiim def iMOfc Capa- 
city.” 

But Mr. Mnrayama indicated 
he had httte interest m potsi^ 
a pennanent s«l <m tire Umied 
Nmioos Security Council, at 
least in tile near tenn. Both the 
Foreign Mhtistiy and die previ- 
ous government had siitmgfy 
pushed Japan's candidacy. Mr. 
Marayama said Juxtber discus- 
sons would be necessary before 
Japan could maice 5udi a leap. 

“We should strive not to be a 
pawmrful country but to be a 
caring country,** he said. 

That pttii^ is a throwback to 
the Cold War, when Jqian kqpt 
a low profile in foreign affairs 
while it focused on building its 
economy. It is, however, a poK- 
^ that IS out of step with gi09vw 
nm demands tbat 'Japan ccat- 
trumte mora 

For instance, the U.BL Senate 
juat passed a resttiutiou calling 
CD Jman tamakottvopaavail- 
aUe to UN peacekeqnngoper- 
atkms. 

Germany, vdueb for decades 
refused to allow its imlxtaty to 
tdm part m such oveoeas aer- 
ations, recently took a s^ to- 
ward a greater loJe when its tigi 
court ruled that tbe constitotioa 
did not pioitilnt pattic^iation.' 

That now appears to be a 
course Japan is unlikdy to take, 
at least as long as tins govern- 
ment holds penm. 

On another issue, Mr. Afar- 
ayama describe a rii^ riiift 
from tbe previous govemmeufs 
positioiL The government bad 
o^ed big incoiDe tax cuts to 

grimwlalft nnnsiiniptifin and lift 

tiie eoooony ftmn a long reces- 
sion. However, ft also had fh- 
voced a large increase in a na:- 
tional sales tax to'mke up for 
the lost revenue. 

Senne economists, and the 
United States government, op- 
pose the sales tax increase, say- 
ing it would counter idatever 
positive benefits tbe income tax 
cuts would bimg. Mr. Mur- 
ayama the government 
would enact die income tax cuts 
and get the economy out of its 
rut before pushing any in- 
creases in tbe sales tax. 

It remains to be seen how 
much of tins amUtiODS agBsida 
win be enacted. 



Foc^i^ Unrest 

FoOad^ 

-’-I.- 'Jvieto-Twk'2%i05oiicr 

gOOUL— rB^otts amcircalating here diaC North Kora’s 
yw wu nmtoit^ (eaziltt IS - dqiping into 'ntihtary rice 

reserves to-zriieve& hunger of peopkiw^ have flowed to 
the capital m mouzn the naftioo.*a' late leader, Kim 11 Sung. 

- Like many iepons from tbe s ectei fi v e Gommonist country, 
tins one is diffirw to veofr. Birt it veflects what analysts 
vriQ be tiie reality facl 9 ;lQm & Sun^a ^ and 


successor, Kim Jopg^uiew^ tdhapeople^sheartsvrill not 
be throu^ h£s frae^s reyointionay slogans but tfarotogb 

Saving Nbrth Kora> itiummetihg^ e vutt be thie 

ICimJbiig H If h&fafls, SOmC 
arSysts say, ibe S2-yeai^)ld “Dear Leader** wili probi^^ be 
Btri | iped of office; iM tire ooonhy ni^ ccJlapse, forcing a 
hasy and wiA the ric&r South- 

“He has no dunce btatbiqieiLthe eooo^^ said Farit Jm, 
assodate fcBow. at tire Ckaite for North Rot^ 

Studies itindi is »fRKatwt with tire South Korean govern- 
ment. • . i • 

Kim jbng lL he said, lacks tire abjSi^ his fatirer had to hold 
tbe coonlzy. tht¥w^ii chaxisnia and cxedoitals as a 

nationalist hero. 


rhgm wanner,” w. Fnk said. 

North Koira’s eCTmnmic ontpirt has been idiirnking about 5 
pooent a year for four cooseemive years, according to ana- 
lysis in Sdath Korea. People are said to be eating only two 
meak a day, electricity 5U|^ is ^t^,'and factones are tiiut 
for Itmg periodt fim liK'or wock.or fori. 

Sairtog tbe ecoooaiycanses its own rides. Many coqperts say 
that Mr. IQm win ham to tire virtually sealdl country to 
moie foreign mvestment aw trade; lacrmsing contact mth 
the outd^ worid nnghi'lead Norfh-Komans to realize how 
poor and r m re ssed tlrey aie^ inczemiiig drscoateoL 

Mr. Kim Is ftspffftfd to try u> avoid amultaneous econtmiic 
and ixriitical £bera)fertibii,’whfch down Com- 

munist goveoimeats retire Soviet Union and Eastern Einope. 
Heis caqiected instead tp'attcmpt what CSima has been trying 
to do, wfth mixed success — free iq> tire ecemomy while 
ke^iag strict pdtticd oonttd. 

■ Owi^'Ihnidliop Seen. , ; 

- Seczda^'cf Stale Wanm M. Qtristepher said Monday 
that the Nmth Korean kaderdiip traudtion appe a red to be 
os trade despire tire two-daV dday eCKim n Simg*s funeral, 
Reuters r yorted 6om Wafflhigtop. 

**We tfamk tiiat the tranation seems to be mderiy,** Mr. 
dtistoidrer said in alhS. tdevisian interview inun Jerusa- 
lem, vHiem he was on a Middle East peace ndssidn. 

Be mid UiL infomuriion was “not p^e^ on what was 
g(^ oo as Kim Jong H soi:^t to comralidate his grip on 
power. ■ 

But he said that the bestinfonnation was th** the transition 
was “gomg fmward,** based on irnttratiowg that U.S.-Nortfa 
Kor^ <a^ suspended-becBUse of Shn^s death, may 

lesDme “vrithm weeks.” 


TEALYs Leader Betmats on Dtxree 


IPs a Boy! IPs a Record: 
Italian €dx>es Birdiat62 


'-old woman became the world’s (Mest 
she gave birth to a tx^, a Rome chnic 


ROME— A 62-: 

mother Monday 

said. 

Rosanoa Delia Cone, who had a donor's fertilized eggs 
inrplanted in her uterus, gave birtii under the superriaon (tf- 
Dr. Severmo Antmori. who last year helped a 5^yeai=oId 
Britsh woman give Nrth to tvrins. Staff members at Dr. 
Astmori*s clmie said Mrs. Ddla Corte, who lives rn'che 
eeitral Italian town of Canino, and her child were botiiwdL- 
Scxalled “granny pre^umdes” have unleariied ah ethical 
stonn in Roman Cnbcdic Italy, where a lack of relevant- 
iK^tiod has made the country a magnet fm* post-*ineao- 
women wbo want to haw cluldxen. A govenuneot-- 
wpoioted cmnniittee recommended last mmth titat sdentifi-' 
^ ti^gdsted prfignandes should be limited to coqpls 
diDd-bearing age. . ^ 

Dr Antinori used Che ^rerm of Mrs. Ddla Gitt^shariiand. 
who is in his 60s, to fertilize tbe anonymous donoc!s eggs. She 
bas said she wanted a bab;f following the death in 1991 ofher 
17-year^ only duM, Rtecardo, in a traffic aoddenL 


Orefiiiei i from Page 1 . 
dvil liberties*' was quickly 
branded te a whitewadijku po- 
htkal and business b^ 
loqriog to the <rfd'giiardL 
*nre tiireat of pretrial custody 
has been one oMhe most efieo- 
tivetoolsusedbyltfilan'smves- 
tratmg jodges-in the masaVn 
bribery mvestigation tiiat has 
eni n eA edabpnt4>0roin ea ibe t8 
of Italy’s pditied sad teaaess 
dite.. 

The hidgm daim that 
bfibeiy suspects in jail for vp to 
three montiis prevents them 
from, fieeiug the 'country or 

tampering with evidence; It dso 

^ eocomnged the kind.of ac- 
tive coopmtKOL tire iavesti^ 
toss admit is heoessaiy if thfy 
hope uiieach the bott^ oftbe 
scandal. ' 

Bui tbe:deer^^[aimg 
ttre attention of the oouhtiy 9 ^ 
riveted on rEah^s sei^Shd. soo- 
cer-maidi in- the Wodd O 9 ,- 
curtails oseof preMeritivt.de^ 
tion .lo'eatccpnoiul cas^ such 
•astenerian, tnuzder oc Mafiff- 
fdatM ames> ' ■ , ' 

■ The; judges threatim^ 10 
riffl vtitOB .-ti^ -ledized- that 
bnbeiy sumra would ham to 
beidaued?I1ut ti&eai'm'tniii, 
ttiggeied a camade of tefe- 
gt ama , faxes imd oihd sgos of-* 
public su^KHt agaoist any 
wrsirfnmg ‘at resolve in .faring 
coriopt pditidans fo jus^ 

* Eyaiffacomptbimseise^ ■ 

sieves and W 


BerinstxmTs miscalciilatkm has 
dented his vaunted reputation 
as a master gatetonan with an 
acute sdise of what the public 
craves. 

. Reeeutibr, Mr. Bcrliiscom has 
lashed'ont a gaimet die magis- 
tr^ with some of his harshest 
critidsm, them of pur- 
suing tire limeii^t of 

justice; 

**Sonie of these jo&es have 
become stars,** h6 said. “They 
are ^sq^Kihted when they 
don’t sh^ up on tdevirion. 
And uliat is an easier way to 
attract attention dwni to tlnow 
iieo(^ in jail?** 

. . Tire unfavonible public re- 
gxy e to ^ deoee si»t 1^. 
' Beihiacosirs .opafitioB rartners 
JOBEtybtg for cover. Roberto 
Mapcni, df^j^ prime miniver 
and a 'leading member of the 
Nor man Le^uc^ said he was 
oqped' into soninE the bOL And 
Nattonai Alliance leader, 
vianfrauco Rru, one o£ Mr. 
winaedni's stimest allies, in- 
tisted the bin was^^lerable.” 
-' fc-**?® tdc^icmes at my party 
^ head^iartos baw not stopped 


La RepubbEc^ “and I under- 
stmd whir pbc^le are calirno *0 
vpitretheioatiagc.** 

Rai^ a member of thc^ 


Aia^ put the dilenJ 
Itahass did not vote fnr 2 








tusfbrstmcfci 













Stars Steal the Show From Versace’s Cyberspace Couture 


Ti 


iilf- 





FtcMlnuil- 




By Suzy Menkes 

/niematfono/ Herald Trdnam 

P ARIS — Forg^ mcto- 
ors fait^ Jupiter, this 

was serious star-gazmg. 
On the soondtradt was 

'*The Most Bewtiful in the 
World'* On the runway, a gd- 
axy of twinkling mini-dresses in 
cyber-space colors. And center- 
front ^ass cane poised, sat the 
enigmatic rock star himsdf, tte 
formerly named PrinccL He did 
not move a powdered face mu^ 
cle, even when the modd Bran- 
dy breathed deeply in her dmrt 
shiny dress and revealed nxm 
than Gianiu Versace had in- 
tended. 

Versace's show Sunday sent 
Paris couture to a rolHckiDg 

PARIS FASfflON 


start. But the best fun was 
the runway, what with Sylvester 
Stallone applauding Janice 
Dickinson, the mother of his 
love child as her plunge-b^k 
slinky dress revealed a posterior 

cleavage- . 

At the after-show paxiy at the 
Ritz, Roman Polandd and wif^ 
Emmanudle. Stephanie Powot 
< in vintage Zandra Rbodw 
dress) and the siqiennodels m 
next-to-noihing watched Itd^s 
titanic soccer struggle with Ito- 
zil on two giant screens. Then 
there was the other battle — of 
the bosoms: Claudia Schiffer 
with two scoops of flesh above a 
sirawberrv ice-cream dr^ vs. 
the curves of Elizabeth Hurl^. 
partner of Hugh G^t. Ine 
boyish star of “Four Weddings 
and a Funeral** made a hetw 
job of keeping his eyes on the 

football and all fronts 

*T never realized fashion 
shows could be so exciting, he 

^Wcli it was not quite so good 
on stage, although Vei^ tried 
hard to heat up the fashion tca^ 
perature wi^ 

lerned leather suits, p«mrt 
skim that flashed “ 

lions and ihecurrain^f" 

glamour, Versace 

for glam rock <k«ssmg. Vet ^ 

^ a quiet show, by hw slan- 

dnrdsV’ilb 

hadn’t been seen before a 
iher on his own runways or cm 

SSe of Pfco 

take on Joining 

daring: 3 uny dr^ J S^^ 
-d«n&1eshe 


pkmeoed ahnldng oat mpeari- 
oed pinks and blues. 

Buttbere wexe an awful lot of 
them. And ct the short flirty 
dresses in metallic CadtDac coir 
ore. And of the curvy A-line 
coais. And oi the sleek tuxedo 
soi& in sugared afanond 'shades 
with skuts approaching the 
knees. 

So the mirid would wander 
from shearling boleros in 
chalky pastds to those weird 
symbols on Prhi6^s droopy 
s hirt - From the vertiginous lune 
green stiappy sandals . and 
:matcfaiiig fiw*ne( hose, to d^ 
ggoosClande MmuaM and 
A&edine AlaJa in the audience. 
From glittering meiinaid 
sheaths to vAether Clsisty and 
Linda had piled on the curves to 
match the'f(»mer model EDe 
MePbersop in her movie **S- 
rens.” 

Whoops! Here’s the wedding 
dress shaped like an up turn ca 
Hty. Wdl, foD marks to Versace 
for ^owmandi^ even if the 
stars outshone clothes. 

Does couture need all the 
razsmatas, the front rows pad- 
ded with edebrities and the p»- 


ly people to justify its eris- 
teuce? Oscar de la Renta does 
not think so. For the show he 
sent out for ttaim»tn on Mon- 
day was just about nice clothes 
for the same chic ladies — Su- 
san Gutfreun^ Jsyot Wrights- 
man, Grace, Lady Dudley — 
that he had beeia wining. and 
«tintng wi& the previous eve- 
ning. 

I^ow they all have closets 
stuffed with suits. So voilk The 
Diess — gwMil and neat at the 
shoulders, or m^be 
Tight down to a junu 
worn over a lacey blouse and 
under a swingy coaL But th^ 
abeady Mve coat^ Aha, but 

not m mohair or boiicl6 to give 
a Mt (rf fun and fluff to the basic 
jadiet, the plain strai^t ddrt 
fi pH that old studoy: the 
sweater and ball skirt. - 

De la Renta bad tried (but 
not too bard) to make use of 
those couture skills, with 
draped velvet here or a waft of 
feathers on familiar lingerie 
lace. And why not make those 
useful duffon cardigans (Isst 


seen at Valentino) to team with 
fUity cocktail dresses? There 
was nothing here for fashion’s 
Future Oeast of all the chignon 
hairdos and matronly make- 
upX but at least Balmmn ex- 
tend rich ladies clothes for here 
and now. 

The French are all too eager 
to institutionalize fadiion. The 
town ball busts of Inhs de la 
Fressange as Marianne — 
which her bustup with 

Karl Lagerfdd — have just 
b een unveiled. Oliver Lapidus 
made his show ou Mouday a 
homage to the silk weavers of 
Lyon. And at Jean-Louis Scher- 
rer, Erik Mortemen sho^ 
couture in the Grand Tradition. 
You know the score: fur (deq>- 
I^ed cai to coats); feathers (on 
tottering hats and appliquhl on 
to gowns); embroidery on fab- 
rics that were stiff enough al- 
ready. He “modernized” the 
loc& (but didn't) with thigh- 
high boots, ball dresses arching 
up to show a leg and leather 
bustiers. 

It looks as though the Paris 
couture is r efl ecting the wider 
bnaness u^d, with the big 
giiys — Chanel, the Dior group 
and Yves Saint Laurent — puB- 
ing of the rest Dior cou- 
ture was up 14 percent in 1993, 
and'in qnte ctf the lecesaon, 
Bernard Arnault reported at 
last month’s shareholders’ 


In aesthetic teiiDS, that means a 
return to structure and tech- 
nique that Karl Lagerfeld is 
t jurtring about for his Chanel 
riiow on Tuesday. 

Yet smaller couture houses 
are rethinking for the 1990s. 
with Per Spook closing couture 
after his American backers 
pulled out. and Lanvin putting 
Its ateliers on hold. Guy Lar- 
oche, like Scherrer, is trying a 
“demi" couture, an upscale tine 
at more affordable prices. 

But there.is a new generation 
fascinat^ by couture crafts- 
manship. The Italian Maurizio 
Galante put his art and soul 
into the show he present^ Sun- 
day: patchworks of different 
fabrics, dresses with origami 
cut-outs and couture sweaters 
that have been around since 
Schiaparelli yet never quite 
made iu 

More significant than any- 
thing on the coutoie runways is 
the turbulence in the fragrance 
market. Analyte expea a bril- 


liant future for Gueriain, the 
ume house 
May. But 


<ii»eping beauty perfume house 
Arnault acquired in . _ ^ 
th^ asK whether the futim 


meeting group that sales of his 
LVMHgrotq} (Meet Hennesw 
Louis Vuitton) have gained 2i 


percent in 1994. 

High fashion seems to have 
come out of the down wave 
from the over-expansive 1980s. 


of fragrance marketing still lies 
unth couture. 

After successes for ready-to- 
wear designers Jean-Paul C^ul- 
tier. Issey Myake and Thierry 
Mugler, there are launches this 
fall for Comme des Ganjons 
and Yohji Yamamoto. Signifi- 
cantly, the Yamamoto fra- 
grance is being handled by Jean 
Patou — a venerable bouse that 
feds it no longer needs the ex- 
pensive luxury of haute cou- 
ture. 


NEW FALL 
COLLECTION 

ESCAIK 

In Baris 
Also, Sales 
on Summer Collection 

Marie-Martine 

8, rue de Sevres, 

Paris 6lh 


in Bangkok, 
business 
women know 
their place. 

T HE LAND MARK 

OF BANGKOK 

A 

S U \ 1 T 

*TA 

13S Sukhumvii Kd . Ikingkok HU l«i. I'laikind. 

Fax 25? -i^SO Td 2^ i 0 »i» i 

7bi' iMuhuirh fi/Lumhdi in ihc Kt>wl UincMlcr H»lul 












sis 




m 






INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY. JULY 19, 1994^ 


ADVERTISEMEffT 







. tPs ne^ . 
beeieaaer 
to subscribe 
and save. 
JustooH 
tolMrea: 

08002703 


ES5 


;FL- Dutch FMru 

B tuJw qgu . 

sbidpnci. 


For information on how to list your fund, fax Simon OSBORN at (33-1) 46 37 21 ^ 


The program for the conference 
wiU focus on three key sectors; 

telecommunications, 
transportation and energy. 


INVESTING IN INFRASTRUCTURE 

FOR EUROPE 


SKADDEN 
ARPS 
SLATE 
MEAGHER & 
pi niui 


BERLIN - NOVEMBER 3 & 4 

Heralb^^i^Snbuite 


For farther iiifbrmation on the 
cooference, please contact: 

Brenda Erdmann Hageny 

Intmadcmal Hemld Tc^ ; 

^ long Acre, London WC2E 9JH, 

Td: (44 71) 836 4802 
Fax:(44 71)836 0717 





































































Op I 










.i';VjO~^*. 

• V* ^ 
• V ***#v 


•,W_ «•». 




** 


■>’-:Xvr *;.*'> 

International Herald TribunCj Tuesday, Jufy 19, 1994 


s-v --V. 

._,-t 


V.?”vV 


Page 9 



THE TRIB INDEX . . .. . ^ 

HeraM Tribune World Stock Index O, composed of 
280 Wemalipr^ inv^^ stocks from 25 counWesi compHad 
by Bloomberg Business News. Jan. 1, 1992 * 100. 

»20— — •• ' 



AsjayPacific 


AppRSLWeidAv3e% 
CtoSK 134.16 PRVJ134S0 


ISO' 


Europe 


^n»K«alghev37% 

Ck)SKi1&37Pnvjl15JlB 



1 North America 


Latin America I 

Annx Milfling: 26% 
CtasB 93.12 Pievj 9252 
0 

H 

AHpraicwigWvn WBW 
117.48 Pnv.’ 117.13 



P M 

««’*• 

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China 
Reins In 
Growth 


Sk^stics bdicaie 
A Landing^ 

By Kevin Muipliy 

-/iiAnMdanaf HotU Tribm 

HONG KONG — Inflation 
renttbu perilously lugb, but a 
soft lasomg for OriTia*s fast- 
M o wtb ecrAODoy now appean 
fiktiy, snai^sts said Monday in 
asamsarto offidsl StatistiCS fOT 
the first half of 1994. 

A year after it aimoanoed 
strict meKum to rets in a run- 
away cconasm and ^lecnlative 
in Ycst m e n u Qmia said growth 
fdl in the first ax rnonfiis of 
19M to 11.6 percent from last 
year's overall 13.4 percent 

-Nine percent gtowthfor 1994 
is Begisg's official target as it 
bahmoes die urgent seed to 
figtit inflatioii agynst the cfaat 
of «»gi«***wing growth 
and cceatii^ohs f or ndlbons of 
wodcers in its unprofitable state 
. industrial sector. 

“Starting from July last year, 
by SNSt measures the econtmiy 
is a downward tread,** said 
Vincent Chan, senior econonrist 
at Fer^rine ^deerago Ltd. 
"There are small nps and 
downs, but a softer Wding 
1989 is coming.** 

Alarmed by a loss of central 
contr<ri over credit and the 
{Dro^Mct of destatnhang price 
mcieases, Deputy MmcAfintt- 
terZho Rongii in Jufy 1993 be- 
gan a natiaawide austerity drive 
tiMit put Qdna*s aUity to wmn- 
age a maiket-ocfented eooiKMny 
to a critical test 

In Begin^s prerious bout 
with overoeating. it slaimned 
the brakes hard on in^ports and 
domestic credit and stopped 
new iuw e st meat and eoononuc 
growth in dieh track& Tlie 

abrupt changes helped stir 
widespread so^ uphmval and 
led in part to the student and 
WDite protests in 1989 in llan- 
•nmen Square and their viotent 


Hourly 1993 labor Gompens^on 
in menufachiring, in tiollarst> • 


Europje-s jprpiluctivity Improves, but Still Lags 

per woricn' beHae Interest' and 

. taxes, htdexed.lo UJ& wo^^ 

■ Z5' '• 

0 : 


zo 



OiS 


*91 *92 n 

Some^CaiaMSenttyDeulaehaBarkRamarth. Bureau at LabcfSiaastica 


saiar/ asvi beoeSts 

Ne^ Ynri Time* 


Reality Daims for Europe 


By Ridiard W. Stevenson 

Sev Yerk Timet Senke 

AUGSBURG, Germany — Signs of 
diangeaboond at Sumens Nu^)rrs persona! 
computer faetoiy here. 

The German technology ccospany slashed 
its number of production worl^ to 1,000 
fitun 1,300 this ^ar even as it added a third 
riulL For the firAtiziK^ pay is being linked to 
meeting quality and volume ^oals. ugjneers, 
vtiio once foai^ on designing the most so- 
phisticated products possible, ziow concen- 
trate on maung ibe assembly process mtm 
effident 

For anyone at the plant who missed the 
message Siemens Nlxdotf Informations- 


systaiM AG is getting serious about cutting 
costs, improving productivity and abandon- 
ing the traditional German way of doin^ 
things as it struggles with worldwide competi- 
tion, there is also this: The employee cafeteria 
no longer serves beer. 

“We have had to re-engineer more or less 
the wtole company," said Hans-l^eter Wie- 
dig, the chief executive of Siemens Nixdorf. 
which has bera suffering heavy losses but 
hopes to break even next year. “In this kind of 
competitive environment, the only constant is 
change.” 

The words may be familiar, even hack- 
neyed, to executives in most industries in the 
United States, who came to the same realiza- 

See REAUTV, Page il 


Contour Bottles 
Help Sh^e Up 
Results at Coke 


Coniftied bf Oif Stag Fnm Dapmeha 
ATLANTA — Coca-Cola 
Co. sdd Monday that world- 
wide marketing initiatives, new 
advenisiog catopai^ and the 
reintroduction dt me contour 
Coke bottle helped lift second- 
Quaner pront 12 peitenL 
For toe three months ended 
June 30, the world's largest soft- 
drink company earuM S758 
million, up from S678 million in 
the year-eariier period. Reve- 
nue rose 1 1 pCFceot, to 5434 
billion from $3.90 biUion. 

“What could have been a dif- 
ficult year for our business is 
proving to be a year of very 
rewarding unit volume and 
<^mtf>gc results,” said Roberto 
C. Cmzueta, the chairman. He 
said the company showed 
“strong momentum whkh por^ 
tends a it^ust second half of 
1994 and beyond.” 

UJS. sales increased 6 per- 
cent, driven mainly by the suc- 
cess of the contour bottle. 

New products also ^ve sales 
a lift, indudOpg launches of 
Minute Maid Juices to Go, 
PowerAde and Nestea. Gallon 
shipments of syrups were up 9 
percent in the quarter. 

Overseas sales rose 7 percent 
as the company launched sever- 
al new products. 


International sales growth 
was pa^ by gains of 32 per* 
cent in the Northeast Europe* 
Middle East Group and 7 per- 
cent in the Pacific Croup, in- 
du^g a 25 percent increase in 
China. 

Strong sales in Eastern Eu- 
rope, up 29 permt in the quar- 
ter, and sate in India helped 
ofiset a skimpy I percent vol- 
ume gain in Japan, the cMDpa- 
ny said. 

Coke’s Africa Group rqport- 
ed no change in unit case vol- 
ume and a 7 perceni de crea se in 
gallon shipments because of 
ecoDomies and sodal un- 
rest in several key martets. 

The company’s Latin Ameri- 
ca ^up posra a 9 ptf oeat 
second-quarter volume gain, as 
12 paoent unit-case sales gains 
in Otile and Mexico offset a 12 
percent decline in Braril. 

The company’s food diviaon 
posted a 2 percent increase in 
sate Cdce has invested heavily 
in emerging markets, promo- 
tions and new contour^ plastic 
coniainets. 

Coca-Cola dosed at $4235 
on the New Yori: Stock Ex- 
changp ■ Monday, down 12.5 
cents. 

(AP, Bloomberg AFX) 


Time Warner’s Loss Narrows and Revenue Rises 


OMHntatanlH«ltdT>tara See CHINA, Pl^ 13 


afa m tuiff y B i ain eu News 

NEW YORK — Tune Warner Ino, 
paced 1^ stronger results in its four 
oopyti^t businttses, Monday reported 
a nantrwzug of its second-quarter loss 
and a rise in reventK. 

The entertainiaent and media giant’s 
set loss riuank to S20 nulBon, or 6 ces ts a 
share, from S80 milSon, or 22 cents a 
share, a year eariicr, as revenue rose 7.8 
p epo a it, to S3.7 binra fitxn 53.43 biUkss. 

Wall Street had been expecting the 
oonq»iiy to post a lo» <d 8 cents a share, 
based on the avnage estimate dl 15 
analystspdled by Za^ Investment Re- 


search. The company’s shares were up 
75 cents Monday at ^.75 in New York 
Sto^ Exchange trading. 

Time Warner’s chairman and chief 
estecutive officer, Goald Levin, said the 
New Yo^-based company’s publishing, 
muric, fihned entertainment and Home 
Box Office cable tdevisioD network all 
had record operating cash flow for the 
quarter. Publishing logged the strongest 
quartfa-ly guns. 

Mr. Lem said the quarter’s result, 
also beoedlted from a balance-sheet re- 
stmeturing last year. 

Tune Warner^ cable bu^ess. hurt bv 


two rounds of cable regulation over tte 
last year, recorded a S.2percent drop in 
operating cash flow to 5^ million. 

Analysts reacted postively to the in- 
crease in revenue. “The key thing was 
that all ihar conieni businesses were at 
record levels" of caith flow, said James 
Goss of the brokerage concern Duff & 
Phelps. 

For the first six months, 'I'une Warner 
had a loss of 571 million, or 20 cents a 
share, comparol with a loss of $95 mil- 
Ikm, or 55 cents a share. Revenue in- 
creased to $73 billion from $6.7 l^on. 


■ MoGraw-HUl Posts Piro&t Rise 

McGraw-HSI Inc. said second-quar- 
ter profit jumped 1 1 percent, primaiify 
because of a sharp increase m revenue 
from school book publishing, the Asso- 
ciated Press reported. 

The publishing and educational and 
iafonnation systems company earned 
$48 million, or 97 cents a share, com- 
pared with $43.2 million, or 38 cents a 
share, in the like period of 1993. Reve- 
nue jumped 32 percent, to $648.3 mil- 
lion from $490.9 million. 




Hiiwldw g AhdNad /Commenfary 


PoKtics Will Test the Strong Frane 


By Reginald Bde 

Jte w taUfltarfflcwtfTWhiif 

W ASHINGTON — Lastannh 
mer*s cunenqr -crisis fea- 
tured the Rieaditianc m tiie 
lead Rde. Now itis tito ddlac 
thathas been under attack in the lote^ 
markets vdnie (he fraim looks 
stable. 

ihihQr nuw not last There win 
soon be new tests tor the franc — and 
perixaps for the newfound indepeodence 
of the of France. 

But for now. Fiances stn^fmne 
policy is looting mndi healthier than 
many of its critics would have guessed 12 
months aga 

After the franc’s convulsions devastat- 
ed the exchange-rate mechar 

nigm last summer, theire were ptetv of 
voices urging the govenuhent to starii 
interest rates, and cut the currency loose, 
to revive the fia g gie g Freocdi eco nomy ^. 

But the government held on. Now, it 
has been rewroded ty a bette^tban-ex- 
pected recovery, resurgent bus i nes s coor 
bri^t trade prospects and ooe 
most impressive mffatioa perfor- 
mances in Europe^ 

>s Indeed, forogn mvestoia were pronu- 

’ in Freiia ffrumq'al maik^ on 
Monday when a stable tnflatiop outkx)k 
helped bo^ p ri c es shat^ tdgto. 
In the stock market, the CAC-^ index 

it»e 2.6 percent, its best ooe-^y gam m 

18 moams. 

Despite the dramatic loosening of ex- 
discipline ht the ERM , Paris 
has ^ maint^ the franc's vat 


lie against the Deutsche madr and keep 
itsinteiest-fasejpolicy in with that of 

the thirutoahatiV ^ sticking to its 
Franoehaseasured tite its nuin Europe' 
an pcAcy elective — eomioadc and 
monetary union — is still alive. 

The question is triietiier this rosy pio- 
ture can survive the pressures df the 
campaign for next apnng^s preadential 
election, m which France's hoirifyingly 
hi{^ uneniploiymBat rate is ejqpected to 
be by fu the biggest issue, 

Aheady, Jacques Chirac;, the GanOist 
contender, has made the heretical state- 
ment tiiat (he gainst uneoqiloy- 

It aronld be amutake 
for Mr. Balladar to dbange 
coarge jnst to take a 
pro-employiiient stance. 


ment should take prec^eace over every 
otiier ccmsidecation, mdodiDg the ex- 
change rate. 

Ttet is a harbinger of vdiai could be 
as tiie caiapaim gathers pace, 
' ' ~ if Prime Manmte Edouard 
be c urr ent front-iunner, be^hs 
to slq> against Mx. Odinc in the 
Mr. BaSadar wants to mA!"tofn the 
strang-franc policy. But he ten^ to be^ 
like a reed under pressure, and the finan- 
did nwiicets alr^y detect a wldfi of 
in tiie air. Th^ subnet 
nnght be tempted to relax 


monetary and fiscal disdptine to assert 
hisjiro-employiDeiit creoeDtiaJs. 

T^ would be a roistakeL Thm is scant 
evideaoe it would make a big dent in un- 
eoqilpynient, mndi of wfakh is caused by 
structural problems — such as the high 
cost airilcAviaobili^ of labor — titoiMh. 
BaPfldnrhasconspicuoqsly failed to Utek- 
le. On the he Iw exacerbated 

the proUem by abandoning modest ef- 
forts at structural reform — moving Air 
France and his yontii wags ptei, for in- 
stance — assocmasthegesaggotrongh. 

Mr. Balladac's siqiporters say^ tins is 
wise, that lefonns cannot be adneved in 
an rfmoqphere of scxzal umesL $1^ 

be w31 be toi^ and get the job dose 
once the dection is over. 

Tliat remahis to be seat, but it would 
seon to be out cf character. If he does not 
out vdiai he plans to do before the 
, he wfflhiw no mandate after it 

The ibk is that he wQl try to cut 
corners In to reflate the stiU- 

ondopeiramiing ecoox/my, putting new 
p re s sni e on the franc. That would pre- 
sent the central bank with the first real 
test of Its mdependerree, paiticulari;^ 
came v^en Gennany was tighterumg. 

Many pecnle say the central bank 
would ret the Banc ^ rather than ip for 
a b^ rise in inteiest rates. But the inde- 
pendcQt Bank of France has to start earn- 
ing csedibiU^ the worat thing it could do 
would be to cave in to dectoial pressures. 

It would be a shame to saaifice the 
loi^tetm gains of the strong-franc p(^ 
cy just to get 1^. Balladur — or anyone 
cue — into the preddential palace. 




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EHH BDREADS 


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INTERNAnONAL 


Ibr iiifurmaiiun n^sirding adunising upponiiniite. plcxsc comaci: 

Kay IMaiic> or l>iiii Liwlor in Ncft York I-21J-KS2-W% Nail Klchanb in Umdon 44-7 1 -2*10-8000 

Lxiiiic KnLsclsky in Hong Kuni; 8^2-82(v4S24 
Nobi Itehiinuio in Tokyo Kl-.1-44t>{vi5bl 


trie Clwncnccm in Paris .i.V I -44-95- 1 5-80 


IMi I« ai(M|.bvnfl 






Page 10 

MARKET DIARY 


Technology Shares 
Underpin Stocks 


CfH^Ued bf (hr Su^ Frtm Di^uiete 

NEW YORK — Strength in 
technology issues and a re* 
bound in Treasury bond pikes 
aniid a stabiliang dollar en- 
couraged small gains in the 
stock market Monday. 

Hie Dow Jones industrial av- 
erage closed up 1,62 points at 
3t75S,43, while advancing is* 

Stocks 

sues led declining ones by an 
11-to-lO raUo on UieNew York 
Stock Exdiange. Trading was 
light. 

The price of the benchmark 
30 -year Treasury bond rose 
13/32 pemt, to 8 S 9 / 32 , taking 
the yndd to 7.50 percent, down 
from 7 J 4 percent Friday. 

Trading in most markets was 
quiet as investors waited for 
Wednesday, when Alan Green- 
span, the ebainaan of the Fed- 
nal Reserve Board, addresses 
Omgress. Traders will focus on 
1 ^. Greenspan's remarks for 
clues to when the central bank 
mi^t next adjust interest rates. 

Microsoft led a rally in tech- 
nology shares, gaining 1 11/16 
to SO 5/ 16 after settling anti- 
trust allegations with the U.S. 
Justice Dffiartroent and the Eu- 
mnmn Umon. While Microsoft 


Dollar Gains on Yen 
But Slips Against Mark 


NEW YORK — The doUar 
gained gainst the yen Monday 
but slipped against the Deu^ 
sche mark in light trading as 
investors awaited more clues on 
the near-term direction of U.S. 
interest rates. 

The dollar finished in New 
Yoiic at 98.410 yen, up from 
97.815 yen Friday, and at 

Foreign Exchange 

1.5467 DM, down from 1.5536 
DM. The dollar slipped to 
5.3065 French francs from 
5.3265 and to 1 J 04 S Swiss 
francs from 1 J 081 . The pound 
slipped to $ 1.5614 from 
$lJ 6 i 8 . 

Evoything is on hold before 
Tuesday's U.S. trade data and 
Wedne^y*$ testimony before- 
the Senate Banking Omunitiee 
by the c hairman o( the Federal 
Reserve Board, Alan Green- 
wan, one de^er said. Mr. 
Greoispan is expected to pro- 
vide inqxntant dues on the tim- 
ing of interest-rate changes. 

The dollar was lifted against 
the yen by comments by the 


influential economist C. Fred 
Bergsten, who said the Japanese 
unit speared to have peaked in 
the sl^ term and wemid prob- 
ably trade between 100 and 1 10 
to the do^. 

The doQar weakened t^ainst 
the mark as traders bought 
marks for Italian lire and other 
European currendes amid con- 
cern about the future of Italy’s 
new coalition governmenL 

Meanwhile, in Wadnngtoa, 
the director of the Internatiooal 
Monetary Fund, Michel 
Camdessus, said the weak dollar 
would not undercut the recover- 
ies in Europe and Japan because 
tiiose imswings were rdativdy 
slow and broad-based. 

Mr. Camdessus said the weak- 
ness of the ddlar was limited to 
its rdationdup to the yen and 
that on a traacKweiglit^ basis, 
''the dollar is in the nnddle of its 
range of movemexit.*' The IMF 
diief said that if the United 
States wanted to preserve its eco- 
ncmuc growth il would have to 
reduce its budget d^dL 

(Bloomberg, AFX) 


INTERNATIONAL HERAli) TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, JULY 19 » 1994 


Vb Ano(S«t*d Tran 


agreed to chang e its software 
licensing procedures, analysts 
said tte seiUemeDt ^spea^ to 
be a mere sl^ on the wrist for 
thecoinpany. 

Retailers gained on expecta- 
tions for sales gains. Wai-Mart 
rose % to 27^ Kmart rose ^ to 
16?ft, and Dayton-Hudson add- 
ed IM to 82%. 

Tdephone stocks weakened 
after US West was removed 
from Goldman Sachs* list of 
recommended stocks; the re- 
gional telecommunications 
company agreed to bi^ two Ai- 
lanta-area cable television ^ 
terns for $ 1.2 biUioiL U S Wot 
flnished down 1 % at 40 %. 

Altbou^ a host of other 
companies reported earnings 
that dther were in line with or 
exceeded analysts’ expects- i 
tions, many sto^ had mready 
risen in anticipation of good 
second-quarter earmsgs. trad- 
ers said. Some investors are 
concerned that earnings peaked j 
in the second quarter and will 
slow later in the year. 

**This may be the last quarter 
of favorable earnings conq>ari- 
sons,” said David Bostian, mar- 
ket strategist at Herzog Heine & . 
Geduid. I 

(Bhomba^ AP) I 


•D^.dbaiogsof.thO/V'^^-if: : 






’ .-:r. ■ p . 1 


• 


I Dow Jones Averages 


Indus 37SIJ53JSlJ6V3?JS3n<a -1.0 
Trans 1601 J$ 1M6anSW.6Maa-l3 - 1 . 1 S 
un 103.17 ICJS 1B103 1BJ0 >^133 
Corap I2WJ9 T30ZJ0 12MM l30Bi04 ,M0 


^a n ds nlAPeor^RMlraes 

KM law CMse cues 

indMtrlals am 3 E SMi tl 4 Z 

TramsL 30 M 1 307.97 3 I 7 JS +aiB 

unmiH 1 SS 91 1 ^ <S 3 — SS 
pinanos din oai 4 sa +as 

SPSD 4SS71 «522 -Mai 

SP 100 4213 S 42 X 17 42 U 1 -hXia 


I NYSE Indexes 


NYSE Most Aetives 


Mali LOW Lotf c&g. 

ConnposBe SSias SS 0 J 7 2 Sia 3 -X 37 

kidiS^ 31 X 44 30 M 1 3 iai 3 -oa» 

Tmp. a«aa ac 4 a 247 ao -027 

many aoisi 20&74 21 N .14 -ojo 

Rtma 21100 2110 211 M rO .71 


NASDAQ Indexes 


MBb Low Lost Old. 

722 J 5 72 XS 73135 *m 
731.17 73ia0 734.17 -1.44 
THUS 74X44 77X37 -1^3 

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I SMOMTH PIEOR CMATIF} 

PH NiElien • MS sf ne ptf 
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Dec M 22 9427 MOD +029 

Mar 9111 9 X 90 9427 +014 

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Lac Calls Royal Offer an Attempt to Rob Shar^oldcrs 


Btoomberg BaanessNme 

TORONTO — Lac Minerals Ltd. said 
Monday its board has rgected a $ 2.1 bil- 
lion Canariian dollar ($ 1.5 IriUion) cash 
and share offer from Royal Oak NCn« toe. 

’’The Royal 0 ^ offer is a blatant at- 
tempt to rob Lad’s ^ardiolders <A the true 
v^ue of tfadr invesunenl,** said James 
Ktblado, a director of Lac. 

Analysts have said Lac IVGnerals could 
pay a spedal cash dividend to dqilete its 
trouury in <mJcr to persuade Rc^ to 
^vc up its bid. Roy^ Oak has said it wants 
to use the cash in Lac's treasury, which 


totaled $462 mniinn at the end of dm first 
quarter, to hdp r^>^ a loan used to fi- 
nance the aoquiatimL 
Under tenns of the offer made on July 
12 , Roi^ Oi^ is oflering to pay 3.75 
debars in carii and 1.75 stoues of Royal 
Oak f(xr each Lac share outstanding, valu- 
ing the t^d at 14 .^ dollars a share. 

Royal Oak also is givmg Lac shaidiold- 
eis the <^tion of aomiring X 416 shares of 
Rc^ Oak. for eadi Lac ^are. 

Lac's stoede traded at 13 dollars late 
Moi^y, up 12.5 cents. 

Shares in Rcyal Oak. which rose as 


much as 1 1 percent in the wake of its bid, 
were unchaMpd at 6 ddlais on the Toron- 
to StoCk Exotangc late Mixtday. 

H Bid forBanis Fij 

Sedong to create Canada's largest finan- 
cial services firm. Bank d M:xitreal Moi)- 
day offered to purchase the Burns Fry Ltd. 
brokera^ bouse for cash and stotk worth 
up to 403 minio n Canadian dollars ($ 2 % 
million) . Renters reported from Tevonto. 

BankAmerica Cc^., idik^ owns 25 per- 
cent of Burns Fry. age^ to sdl its stake to 
Bank of AffontreaL toiqiloyees own the rest. 


U.S-/ATTHEa^ 

Chase Manhaltan Net Jiniqis 32% 

“adVcreemaikei conditiODS,” bai^said. Net uiierart iwanie 

Tore to $924 nuDun firotn 5902 TmTa oa- 

ITpj nlin’ g Second-Quarter Profit Falls 

' wthL $125 J milliofi, pt TO ediis a diare, 
last year. Sales fdl to SS9\ million £tom^ 4.6 ^ . 

jSS*, mcdmatkffi Hatawi and hatr*w Ro- 

game, die coDjpany sdd. 

U.S. Salarylncreases at RerorfLow 

NEW YORK (Bloonibeig) — Pay increases for enqijojw in 
1994 and 1995 be the lowest smee salary ttadong began m 

1975 , the CoitfcitoceBo^"SffldMon^ _ ; ^ 

ThesnrvW, whidi coTO 515 coinpaiiies repie^ 

found die average nonewcutive eo^loyee would leoeive 4 
paoeat more this year dad tbe same mat y ear. Executiyes win 
recdye'42 paoent tte year and 43 perorat next year. 

Bnstol-Myers Offers UPSA Buyoiil 

NEW YORK (Bloomberg) — Bristol-Myers Squibb Ca said 
Mtmdiv it had to boy out the other reaidicddecs <tf 

T ai vyrntra-Mw UP^ a Freoch pharmacesitical company ^eciaiiz- 
ing in pain medicatians and effervescent tedmoiogy. 

minW ly..C3ark MAes AcqniMtio 

DALLAS CAP) — Kimbctiy-Clarit C<^. said h ^day .it had 
acqifir*^ fhe feminine-care nodnets bosniess oi a German oom- 
pawy from Procter & GamWe Co. for about $123 ciilKon . 

npfae deal, myotving ihe Gennan VP-ScbicicBdariz AG, mdodes 
patpwra and inventories, die Camefia and Tanqxma brands, a-/ 
pimt in Forchheun, .Gennaw. asd femmine care products ma- 

efiates-at a plant m htoyen, Cezinaay. 

Fair the Beotird 

rnii^ C wup oiier diA Grade Sydns Corp. set up a 
twiaifiwM nrwt to dcvdop suftwAie foT oomfMiter. servets to- store 
and distribute da t a b ase infeamatiem. 
told Goip. said seoemd-quarter net mcome rose to $1.45 ashare 

from $130 a diaie a year eadier,'in Ime with analysts' forera^ of 

$ 1 . 45 ' a diaie: Tbe cooqiatqr ad& Fentinm cooeessor shy nentt 
were up fiibiT*atitrany to tbe.seoorul quarter; &it it espect e a lower 
gross margms to cbniinne. (Rafterr) 


Wnnlwiwl Dmi OWlon 

LOS ANOELES ^ Tito movto todustiy r^peai^ heari^ for a 
record $105 millioa rMmbohd^.wedceod bm^irfficegtoss; led by 
thrre powedibuseffloyies: Am<^ Schwaoeinegger to *Trne lies;" 
Tom-Hardsto ^ocrest Guiiii^ and Walt Disney Ficturesf ani- 
m^edfifabi'^^lte Lion King.** • ' " . 

*Tnie Lie^ domtinaied with a gross $27.8 rrulliaiiLPdlovring 
are the top 10 mmeymakeis, toued'bn Frid^ tidcet sales and 
esttoiated ades for Satnrdsy and Simday^ 
tf die weds^ esdmatos hoM up, die totd win break the reocad 
estabfished endy a ypat ago, vAusa. four hitmbvies dominaied the 
madcBt, abeounttog for about tiOpieroeat of Adcet ^es. Those 
filmit were ’’'Jiuassic Pazl^” *'7he *to die line of Fne* and 

“Seeptess to Sraittk." 

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WORLD STOCK MA 


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Aaa 269.10 8420 

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BNP 34120 343 

Bauysuea 05 6 i 3 

Corrafour 1986 1966 

CCF. 32922350 

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Oiorvem HM 1373 

Chnants Prana 290 2 MI 
OubMed 35 X 90 Ml 


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AHZ X 25 426 

BHP 1 X 612 M 54 

Berat 350 341 

Beisalnvffis XX 6 U 5 

ColoaMvar 06 421 

ConMlee 459 S 22 

CRA lore M:M 

CSR Xlf 617 

FarioraEicw 1.11 1.12 

Goodman FMd 129 1 J 7 

laAiHtraUo 1120 1120 

MoBBllan 3 2 

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Not AuM Bank 1126 lUI 

NowsCarp XIO S 70 

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NBrekanMI 329 372 

PocDuntae X 6 I 422 

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Smitas 420 AM 

TNT 260 224 

Western Minins 7.17 7 .M 

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international HERAU> tribune, TUESDAY, JULY 19, 1994 


page 11 


EUROPi 




Standard Chartered 
Admits Asia Woes 


•*v,. 






» , 


•ii'', ' 


LONDON — Standard 
Qunered PLC admitted Mat- 
day that its bull^ in 
Aaa, the Ktocatta Groop, bad 
made **unusn^” tradcaand 
fared pfts to indhiidiials to tiv 
to uin buaness. 

Two diiectors of the Mocatta 
unit rengned amid the- bank*a 
investigalioD of the 
and ‘‘subsequent invesdeatioa 
by cl^ banh revealed disaman- 
cies m expense daims,*' Sh^ 
Chartend said. “Reasoos 

^ven for the es^eose 

to individuf^ in certain 
countries to facilitate bosinesst 
a practice coDtmy to bank 
rulm and procedures.** ' 
Standard Chartered g^ 'd the 
‘*n n gso ar * trades w en e . * *hniwPirti« 
atdy stopped and procedures 
and oontnw t^btened.'* 

The bank dedined to bboK 
mem on reports that M ocatta 
employees had bribed govern' 
itusni oFfi eiatg in the FhOippmes 

and Malaysia. 

"I wonT add to the q>ecalft^ 


tion,” said John McFarlane, 
whom Standard appobned last 
nionth to head Asian investnwBt 
banking and stockbrokiitg 
Standard' Chartered, ^riiich 
said it bad darted the BanV 
D^taiKl abom du Iat» nmmh 
prudes, said the trouble at MO' 
catta would have an. *insigiii&- 
cant” effect on its total profit 
"Mocatta contnmes to trade 
profitably,” Mr. McFailime 
said. 

Standard Chartered said the 

Bask of En ^and ,aV5 nwlifcriy 

to make its own mvestigarion. 

"The bank is coniinsiiu to 
investigate the positiaa, wh£b ii 
treate with the utmost serious- 
ness,” Standard Chartered 
While banking analysts 
agreed that the incident was un- 
iSdv 1 





EarnmgsJtige 
AtGE-Alcatd 
Joint Venture 


QmpikdfyOvSi^fhmiDbfa i dt a 

PARIS— OEC-Alsthom 
NV, the engmieering joint 
venture of Ateatd Alsthmn 
SA and General Electric 
PLC, said M<m^ that net 
income rose 6.8 percent in 
the year ended March 31. 

Tlie company, which 
builds power stations and 
higb-sp^ tia^ said it 
earned 329 million Europe- 
an Currency IMts ($406 
million) dining the year, 
coniparal with 308 
Ecus in the previous finan- 
cial year. 

Btfore pmrmeots to nu- 
QOiiiy sbarutiders, GEC- 
Alsthom said it eat^ 346 
miHi(m Ecus, iq> 8.9 pet^ 
cent fram a year ea^er. 

GEC-Alstncen also said 
saltf detuned to 7.93 bil- 
lion Ecus, oonqMued with 
7M bil^ in Ac prwkxu 
year. Grden recoved to- 
taled 9.32 bilfion Ecus, vir- 
tually unchanged from 
19^- (Bloomberg Reuters) 


growing iqnitation for sladc 
managemenL. . 

. . "It win take three years of 
rileoce &om Standard Char^ 
tend to remove th^ iqnita^ 
fer hitting evesy banana sldn,” 
said Mm lyoe^ a bank analya 
at Sod6t6 Gtehrale Strauss 
Thenbon Securities. 

Last week the di- 

rector of another oi the banl^s 
Standard Char- 
tered Securities, resigDed after 
having been challenged ^ 
Hong Stodt market authorities 
over inq^uiar actkuis by tile 
coiqpany in rntrodneing firms 
to the stock market 

Last ^wwifhj Standard Char- 
tered was banned for nine 
motttiis ficmi underwriting ini- 
tial. public share nff^rwig i in 
Hong K<^ over aduuge^t h 
had provided misleadmg infoc^ 

mafww 

bomcally. Standard Char- 
tered has reoig an iaiig itt 
management since 1991 in an 


Let Them Eat Chicken 

Roslik Brings Fast Food to Russia’s Masses 


By Judith Ingram 

Rrm 7orA Time Semee 

MOSCOW. — FQtiw and crowded with 
Ixavdeis, p^dlos and b^^rs. the Kazan 
train station here is scaredy an inviting place 
to sit down for a meal 

Yet at one end of the grim waiting room, a 
aeon sign eaDs travdess to an eatmg expni- 
ence that is a world span from the uadidoiial 
SMueag e stands — a fflodera fast-food restau- 
rant serving fried chidwa tucked into cheer- 
fd red wiappcrs. The bathrooms are spotless. 

The Rcriiili’s fried chicken restaurant 
whidi nu^ seem more at home in an Ameri- 
can dioraing maQ, is pan of the second wave 
of fafi-food restmuants in Rusria. Ameriean- 
sMe fast food is moving beyemd the tourist 
vAeteMcDonakTs set tqi shop, into 
the nei^bothobds. 

The unusual company behind the Kazan 
outlet, Veneznda*s Kostik IntemarionaL led 


by Rostislav Ordovsky-Tanaevsky Blanco, 
35, is a drive to bring fast food to 

Moscow's masses. Mr. Ordovdey-Tanaevsky 


Blanco’s last is «piamad by mixed 
parwntftg^ a Rii!Ba«Ti Amig rf faiher and Vene- 

zudan mother. 

The conqiany's mdori^-owned sobadiary 
in Rnstia, caBM Roonter, made its fast-food 
d^l in Moscow m 1^ triA Komba’s, 
vdndi ^pedalizes in ddi-s^le sandwidies and 
milk shakes. Snee then, it has opmed four 
Komhi’s and two Rostik*s fried chidcea res- 
taurants, givmg it twice as many fast-food 
outlets as McDonald's. 

So far, Rosinter's restanrants are an owned 
by the c o u i p a n y. To fad growA Rodnter is 
posluDg a substitute for franchises in a coun- 
try without a legal baas fot franefaiang 


Ifictor M. Biecfaer, the geoenl mOTagnr ci 
Rosintef's fast-food diviri^ e3q>lained that 


investofs can run a restanraat themselves and 
keep half the proTn or let Roonter nm Ae 
restaurant and receive a szn^er perceazage. 
Most of Renter's fast4ood parmeis. he add- 
ed, recoup their investment m two years. 

Mr. Oidovsfcy-Tanaevsky Blanco predicts 
that his company wiB have 60 or mme fast- 
food restaurants scattered across Ae Russian 
cainial by the turn of Ae century. 

^'There is no saturation pewt,** he said. 
**1110 j^blem is not bow mum you can buDd 
in immense mark e t , but raAer the logisti- 

cal limits, like tdepbones, supplies and bu- 
Btaa resources,’* 

Mr. Ordotoky-Tanaev^ Blanco entered 
the restaurant trade mainly A overcome a 
hard-oirxency oMtade. Afmr years as (tistrib- 
utffi* for P«fa[ngn Kodak Ca m Venezu^ 
cftBpany won Ae Soviet fr anchise m 
1988. currency was needed, but the 
fAoto outlets could cnly coDect rubles. 

So Mr. Ordovsky-Tanaevsky Blanco 
opened the Spanish Bar in a Moscow bold m 
1^. The new restaurant brought in plenty of 
/tnllam atui DeUtSChe m«rtr|E 

*'1 saw it was not what was needed for this 
owntiy; it was aHadable only to foreigners,** 
he recued. In 1993, Rosimer opened its first 
fast food restanrant. 

A Ro^l^s dinner — two pieces of ducken. 
a* bisemt, slaw and soft dnztk — comes to 
6J)00 rubles. Ahhough that’s less than $3 at 
Ae current exchange rate, the cost for a fam- 
ily of four still comes lo 10 perce n t of an 
avera^ monthly salary — certainly not every- 
day fare for Russians. 

"East Eorapeans find glamour in fast-food 
meals.” said Steven Petri, a lawyer wiA Ae 
European Bank foe Recrastnicoon and De- 
vdopinent in London who is a specialist m 
franrfM«mg . "Thc^ ticat them tike a fanev* 


restaurant dinner. 


3i Group 
HasaBig 
First Day 


Bleantbeij! BtBues Metm 

LONDON — Shares of Si 
Croup PLC surged 7.5 percent 
on Adr first day of trading on 
iM London Stou Exchange on 
Monday as mvcsiors bet that 
Europe’s biggest venture capital 
company would prdit as Biro- 
pean economies gather steam. 

More than 26 million 3i 
shares were traded by late after- 
noon — Aree times the vdume 
of any other British stodc — 
amid ^)cculauon that Ae 49- 
year-old emnpany »ill vault 
into the FT-SE 100 index (rf 
Britain's largest public compa- 
nies this year. 

3i priced its shares at 272 
pence (^32) eadi on June 22. 
The Aares closed Monday at 
2923 pence. 

"3i has particalar a^eal for 
many U.K. institutions," said 
Simon Borrows, a director of 
Baring Brothers A Co, the in- 
s-estment v«ink that orehestrat- 
ed Ae initial share sale. 

For investors, 3i shares buy a 
piece of a £3 billion investment 
portfolio of smalL mostly Brit- 
ish companies when the U.K. 
economy is rebounding. The 
shares are an ea^ way to invest 
m Ae more than 3,400 compa- 
nies that 3t finances. 

“This is a big success," said 
Stephen Magra^ a salesman at 
Ae brokerage NatWest Mar- 
kets. 


Investor’s Europe 


FVanitfuft 

OAX 


London 

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•1,866.71 ;1,8»A8 ^ 

VIenrm 

^□ck Index - 

4S2.38- 4StAO- ' -tO.22 



89165 . '898.14 

Sources: flsuTera. AFP 

Imcnaikimf HenU Tifbm 

Very briefly: 


srwntnig ini- 

REALFTY: Lidustries Across Europe Struggle With Corporate Renewal 


effort to reduce the bank's ex- 
posure to indiistiial and politi- 
cal tunDofl. 

. The banl^s Aaan operations 
have bees profitaUe^ helping 
Standard - Charteared’s pretax 
profit more tium doobte last 
year, to £M1 mOlioa ^641 otil- 
Hon). 

Mr. McFariane said the Mo- 
catta matter would not damage 
die bankas creAbfli^.. 

. "Standard Changed has 
bimlt arqmtation vriA over 100 
years <tf buriness aqxnence,** 
he said, "llaifs siif&aeal for 
(Aenls to iDBcp oonfidenoe.” 
^bamber^ Reuters, AFP) 


OnfBBKdfrQaPage9‘ 

tion years ago and have been 
acting on it ever since. 

But bdaied though it may be, 
what is hsfpemng hoe, some 
SO i^es nonhwest of Munidi, 
is h^ipemn^ with various de- 
sees otf urgency, throu^mut 
western Europe at companies 
in neai^ every industry. 

Having seen its share of 
world markets eroding for 
years, Enropeaa buanem is at 
last to remake itself, 

ormsdous Aat h is m danger cf 
ben^ left ht^ieiess^ bmiiid 
more efficient American and 
Atian competitors in the cot- 
throat wDridmde race for sales; 
profit and survivaL 

Whether Western European 


companies are moving fast 
enough and aggressively 
10 catch up remains to 
be seen. But at Ae very least, 
coipcKate executives — and to a 
lesser extent workers and pditi- 
eal leaders — are facmg up to a 
list of problems tiiat has ffown 
i(x^ and familiar. 

KmpiA ypient levels remain 
Uoaled at many companies. 
Labor costs in Gmmany are the 
weald’s h^jhest (an hoorly aver- 
age of 52536 1^ jrear, includ- 
ing benefits), and are high in 
most other European countries 


peasve in Europe than m Ae 
United States or Japan. 

Stftmg unions limit Ae kind 
of slasb-and-bum cost cutting 
that is common in Ae United 
Sta^ — espectally wt A unem- 
ployment aheady near or above 
10 p erceat in most European 
coontries. The high cost of hir- 
ing and firing workers discour- 
ages companies from domg d- 
thisr. 

Tlte ongomg cransfonnadon 
d Enrope into a tingle market, 
which ofiered Ae promise of 
economies of scal^ has cot 


rope has unquestionably be- 
come the scene of frenetic ef- 
forts to become more 
competitive wiA the United 
States and Japan — arguably 
Ae Icon’s biggest industriti 
challenge since rebuilding after 
World War IL 
In industries such as comput- 
ers, where Aere are few trade 
barriers to true global competi- 
tion, and automobiles, where 
traditional trade ' protection is 
disappearing. Europe com- 
panies are moving rapidly. Mer- 
cedes-Benz has cut SK4 billion 


• Fiance Tckcom plans to cut its long-term debt of about 105.6 
billion French francs (S20 t»Hion) by between 5 billioa and 10 
billion francs this year. 

• Atefnationale Nederiandoi Groep NV has raised its stake m 
Grootinil NV, an environmental engineering company, by 1.74 
percentage pants, to 10.44 per ce nt. 

• Wntertier Insunnoa Co. said it expected doublM^t profit 
growA in the current year, helped by an increase in its nonlife 
insurance business in Europe. 

• It Mtu r ane i ^ Cv*s Italian unit said its chief financial officer 
had been arrested on suspicion of bribery. 

• RifftniBft Groiqt Insurance Co. said its Skanfia America Corp. 
agreed to sell its group of companies that sell nonlife insurance m 
Tocas to Omoi Btstsance Groiqr of Atlanta. 

• PeBkan HoliBng AG, the Swiss office supply company, said it 
had agreed to sell its office equipment prcMucts butiness, which 
mdudes printer cartridges and toners, to No4kOte Hoh&ig Inc. of 
the Unira States m exchange for Nn-kote stock. 

• WeOman PLC is buying Ae a utomotive, gara^ and car-paiking 
equipment subsiAaries of FKI PLC for mQlion (S74 nuUion) 
m awH (Bharc!^. 

• The Daropean Union signed an agreement wiA Estwfa, Latvia 
and Liflinania to create a free-trade area m industrial goods 
b^jnning in January. 

• Sw e de n 's unemployment rate rose to 8.5 percent m June from 

7.1 perc en t m May. ahwnMj. AFX. tUtem, Kru^’^Mer 


TRe Check’s in Ae Mail . . . 


as well The erxa of prov^g up to Ac expe^tions of 

medial «^es. ^ch com- pa« yca« and «s «pcci- 


Jtmttn 


universal medical cafe, geocr 
bus pensions and long vaca- 
tioDS has become prohibitive. 
Energy, raw matcnals, even a 
phone call — all are more ex- 


NYSE 


Tabla Indude Uw nOonwId* petoM up to 
llw dcNlnB on VVal StrM and oo not rallM 
late tradaa abewhw. Vte TM .^ULlWef Ptma 




■■ 

fe— 1= 

—MM" 




UNM» 

HWlLMfSntt 


Ph VM PE MWl 




a 


t-i« 


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-« 


UMorth 


oft> YM pe ma mn lAanjA^Oi'm 


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9 


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'fl 


hn a 


J 


n 


di 


XT a 


16 Z 




df B 1 


i£ 6 


■)i Q 


ContfnredonP^U 


plain that trade remains inhibit- 
ed by coatiDuug I^at, r^pia- 
tory. AX and cultural 
differences among countries. 

There has been only tentative 
progress in addressing the is- 
sues on the national level, 
^paixu fa- example, recently 
B^e it easier for companies to 
hire pan-time or temporary 
workers. OAer European gov- 
ernments are spendmg more 
time study^ Britain, where the 
Coasexvative govenuneni over 
tire pan IS years has swept 
away rigid labor laws, weak- 
ened Ae anions, dropp^ most 
trade barriers — aiul seen for- 
eign mvestment and productivi- 
Vf surge. 

On a conpany-i^-compaDy 
ba^ however, oootinental Eu- 


thk 


ed to return to 
year as auto sales ret 
But progress has been slower 
m mdustries ranging from sieel- 
making to baiikm& and Ae 
process of shrinking to a realis- 
tic size and cost structure is Just 
^ting under way in rmUonal- 
ired sectors such as tdeooin- 
municatiom and airUnes. 


LONDON — BriAh companies pay their bills later than 
anyone m Eun^ and most of Ae late payment is deliberate, 
accorxiing to a survey corzunistiooed by Ininim Justiiia. Europe's 
largest dri>t collector. 

It polled more than 4.000 European firms and found Aat 
payn^tsin Britain w'cre on average 23 days late; compared wiA a 
European average of 14 days. 

Al^t 54 percent of late payments ^ British companies were 
intentional, the study said, whereas Ae most comnxm reason for 
paying late m the rest of Europe was fxnaocul difficulty. 


Clasms and Disrvres 
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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, JULY 19, 1994 


1 





Page 13 


ASIA/PACIFIC 




Soutb Korea Tells 

Banks to Curb 

Stock Investment 


t-RU^ 

SroUL — The Bank of Ko- 
rea has-uM local baziks to cut 
back on their stock market in* 
vestments, brokers and analysts 
said Monday. 

The move by the central bank 

was appazentfy a response to 
first-hw zesolts rdea^ Friday 
that indicated local banks were 
getlisg a large pordon of their 
promts Irom slock investments. 

While effidais at both the 
Bank of Korea and the hfinistry 
of ' Fmance said no ofScial' re- 
strictions had beat put on the 
banks* investments, they cem- 
firmed that strong "advice** had 
been given over the weekend. 
Banks were heavy sellers in 
South Korea's stock maAft 
Monday. 

For Sooth Kewea's six largest 


POSCOSeeks 

ToIdStShares 

InNewYoik 

Km^-nUda- 

SEOUL — Of5daIs aie 
negotiating the first listing 
of a South Korean c oaip a- 
ny on the New Yoik St^ 
Exchai^ the South Kore- 
an Mimstiy of JRbance said 
Monday. , 

Successful negotiations 
would set the stage for Po- 
hang Iron & Sted Con. to 
issue shares and bonds on 
the Big Board. 

POSOO, a migor steel 
producer, is the second- 
largest fisting on the Seoul 
stoiu maikM in lenns of 
market cqataliration. It is 
hoping to raise as muck as 
$700 million through hav- 
ing its shares and bonds 
listed on the NYSE. 

^icials erf the securities 
bureau of the Mimstiy of 
Hnance left fenr New York 
over the wedeend, and re- 
sults of the negotiations are 
expected to be announced 
this week, Hnance Mims- 
Uy said 


/ 


CHINA: 

A 'Soft Landing’ 

CoBtinued bon Page 9 

snppressian by tike govenoment. 

Bound by its greater integra- 
tion with foreign trade and in- 
vustment and wititing to avtssd 
previous mistakes, China 
moved quickly to curbul unan- 
thorized. speculative inv^t- 
ment by state cxgans. 

It alto sought, more gradual- 
ly, CO direct credit to areas of 
econoo^ that need it most: 
long-term infrastiucmzre deveir 
optaesA and .its unpr^table 
state industries with their mil- 
lions of make-woA jobs. 

At the same time, Begmg has 
accelerated its program of 
structural reforms that seek to 
establish modem monetary, 
laxaiio" and ciy>ital-markds 
systems. 

frith nug b inflation has yet to 
be tam^ fixed-asset invesc- 
ment growth has weakened. 
Monday's announcement said 
retail prices had risen 19.8 per- 
cent nationally in the first half 
of 199A tbe consumer 
index in China’s largest 
cmes jinoped 22.7 percent. 

The culprit in China's current 
inflationary qnrak^accoednig to 
many economists, is fixed-asset 
investment, whicii was 25.2 p^ 
cent higher than in the first six 

months of last year, Ye 22>m <H 

the ourean said m 

Rfij iw g - 

But that increase was m eagg 
conmared with the^70 
ineg-ease registered to tte nrst 
half of 1993 from 1992. Econo- 
mists read tl» decrease m a a© 

that inflation — ^ 

thieatentog to exaccibate <ni- 

ferences between incomes m 

ban and rural areas — will 
ewentuaBy weaken. ^ 

•TTwy have been eoCTca^ 

a gradual slowdown 
e&aa» of royor. proWarft 
said Andrew 

Irothas in Hoag ^ 

absolutely no 
can’t do it for another 
Other statistics released 

Monday iiidudedj^: 

• Industrial output 

rust half of 
pereent from the 

5^o$S7billiOT.W‘j9g 

up 21.1 percent m all 
h%nayearetfli«r- 

s«0 

$ 11 J billion of bonds to luuu 

itsddjcit. . « rtaffs 

• ■me ptopo™” 




banks, stock transaction pn^ts 
to the first ax montiis ctf 1994 
jmpped to - nearly five times 
their -year-eariier kv^ wlnle 
net profits rose S5 pecc^ 

*^e are two-faced concern- 

tog baiik mvestmoit to sto^’* 

an official with the bank super- 
visory board of the Ministry of 
Rnance, Said. On one hand, the 
stock market 9ves banks a new 
source ci mcome; Iw said On 
the other hand, it exposes them 
to a new source of ritic. . 

Also behind the central 
bankas action is the bdief tHat 
heavy stodc madnt mvestment 
banks imll adversely affect 
the nation’s money siqjpb''. At 
the end oS June, tiie overnight 
can rate peaked at l6.S percent 
as funds Decanie shent because 
of htt^ stock purchases by 
hanifing jnstitutims. 

’’Simply, the goveniment 
wants banks- to .start thinking 
more about fh^dqtoshorsanS 
less about their stock invest- 
ments,” Richard. Kim of Korea 
Rfst Securities said 

Meanwhild, South Korean 
stock prices slipped as the 
banks engaged to a round of 
selling and investor^ feared 
government actum to stem in- 
flation. The Kor^ Ctioopoate 
Stock Face Index . cIosM at 
944.80, down 4.^ points from 
Satnrd^s half-day sesaoo. .. 

[Analysts and traders said the 
markefs downturn oculd conr 
tinue for day^ as Sooth Korea’s 
top three investment trust com- 
panies are expanding their 
stock sales to raise moi^ to 
pay back losns from titc Bank 
oflKoea, Koomberg Basing 
News reported from SeouQ. 

Neryoushess about pditical 
events in North Korea also ooQ- 
tinued to droress investor ^ti- 
ment, brokers and anal^iim 
said. 

*Y>nfy vidien Kim fl Sung is in 
the gren^ and his son Kim 
Jcxig II is finuN in control of 
North Korea wm we 'see scxne 
buUishness retain to the mar- 
ket,** said a breker at Demgsuh 
Sec^ties, TdoQdng to. the re- 
cently deceased North Korean 
leader and his son. 


Cracking Thai Banking Barriers 


Rtaurs 

BANGKOK — In just over a decade. 
Finance Ok PLCbas devdoped &om a 
small family c^eration into one of Thai- 
land’s nKMiimaeiful finance companies. 
It is also, Tnai mazket analysts say, the 
finance company with the best chance to 
break throng the state<e(mtrolled barri- 
er into hawlfing . 

The obmpany’s pradent, Pin Giak- 
kap^ IcQ^m for his aggr^veness in 
engmeering corporate turnovers, says a 
himrfing' ctf Eastmi txa^tion and West- 
on business technique has been the key 
to Ftoanoe One’s saecess. 

*1 thiik we have to be Thai in the sense 
that we are in the Thai oMnmunity,” Kfr. 
Fin, 44 said in an intervi^. "But at the 
same time, I think the vdkte basis of our 
management is veiy Western.** 

A Western management ^le is a reci- 
pe for success, Mr. Fin sa^ opedaDy 
sow that Thafland is ptnsed to allow new 
players into the lucrative haniring scene; 
cunentiy dominated by a few key fam- 
ilies, for the first time in decad^ 

ThailaDd*s central bank sot • 


a Dtw bankm license since the 1970s, 
but it has saia it will grant new licenses 
by the end of the year. Stringent requixe- 
ments have been set 

Jeaning Finance One in the numing 
for the coveted permits are finance in- 
dustry grants sum as Dhana Siam Fi- 
nance & Securities Co., Phatra Thanakit 
Co. and CMIC Hnance & Seenrities Co., 
which mder of the central bank must 
all split their finmee and seenrities oper- 
ations the end of the year. 

Mr. Hn was bom in Chicago and is a 
U.S. citizen, bot his roots in bntiness are 
elaMaealfy Thai. He v»s, foT exasq>lc, 
chosen to run the Y^ In Tsd Finance 
Co. which changed its name to Fi- 
nance One in the mid-1980s — at age 

**71115 is one the nrat stories of 
Thailand over the past five years,” said 
Paul Ensor, chief r ep re s en tative at Crid- 
ii Lyonnais Securities (Asia) Ltd. "He 
practices American management tech- 
nique whb Tliai-C3>to^ Srive.” 

Mr. Fin estinates that Thailand’s top 
five banks, known for ctmsistentiy Rpextr 
tog high profits; bdd a domestic maiket 


tiiare of 7S percait. Bui that dominance, 
he is about to be 

**As the economy gets bigger and the 
financial sector less dominance 
the economy, other sectors have the 
to t^ over banks,” he said. 

Mr. Fin has acquiied about 20 compa- 
nies sincejoiiiii^ zip In Tsed. Those in his 
core fffop of holdmff include Sonirities 
One FLC, tne of Tbmiand's most success- 
ful securities firms, and One Investment 
Management PLC s fimd managanent 
com pan y. Mr. Fin’s latest and most con- 
troveisial purchase was a 2357 percent 
Stake in Ban^bk-based Bank of A^ Ltd. 

Debate Mr. Fin’s protests that he is 
not a threat to the current majority 
riiardiolders of Bank of Asia, the indus- 
try is nervous. Mr. Fin says no one will 
boieve be does not want to over the 

bank, because of his lepataiion for ac- 
quiaticBis. 

Mr. Pin also says hb dqmties are at- 
tracted by the tqipor&mities presented in 
a buaness run with a Western bent 
"We’re breaking with a lot of traditional 
ideas,” be said. 


Investor’s Asia 


Hong Kong 
Hang Seng 


SingapAw 
Straits Times 


Tokyo 

Nikkri'^5 



MA M.’JJ. 

1994 


Petron Draws Eager Investors 


CmKpiltd bf Otr Suff From Dapaiditi 

MANILA — Shares in Pe- 
tron Coip. soared 44 pereent 
Monday cm the unofficial gray 
maiket as the public offering m 
a stake in the countiy’s latest 
oil refiner bA ooder way de- 
spite 1^ dsoits to halt il 
A petition ^ tq^io^on 
iriatois to void a previous sue 
of 40peicent of Petnm to Saudi 
Arabian Oil Co., also known as 
Aiamoo, and to sum the public 
offering was tumed aside. 

. Lawyers for Petron said in- 
vestms would be rqmid if the 


court decided later to bar the 
offering. 

Broluis said buyers were so 
hungv for the issue Mcnday 
that they were wining to 1^ up 
the price to 13 pesos (49 US. 
cents) a share from the mitial 
offes^ price of nine pesos. The 
issue ^ 1 bOlitm mares, the 
hugest in the Phn^ines* liisio- 
XV, was not due to oe offidaDy 
listed until SepL 5. 

Of those shares, 600 mitiinn 
are reserved for Hlmtoo inves- 
tCKs at the (rfferixm price, 100 
.million are for eoqiloyees of Fe- 


trem and its parent, state-owned 
FhOmptoe National 03 Corp., 
arid 300 miUinn ue available to 
foreign investtus and will be 
sedd to the Ughest bidden. 

The Fhilippine Stock Ex- 
change’s mesiaent, Eduardo de 
los Angdn, said the Petron of- 
fering wDi^ raise the stock 
market’s cocal capitalizaiioa 
more than 50 percent, from $39 
NUion at the end of 1993 to an 
estimated $60 bOhoD after the 
offering was completed. 

(Reuters, AFX) 


Sa^ Davids’ Bid Is Not Enoii^ 


Ream 

ADELAIDE, Australia — Independent Hoid- 
ings Ltd. said MtmdiQr that a takeover bid of 4.25 
Australian dollars a share from I^vids Ltd. 
undervalued the groceiy ao/aspasy. 

The c^er from Dainris, a fo^ wiicdesaler, 
values IHL at )33 million doUais ($^.6 m3iio^. 
EHL’s managing director, John j^tten, advised 
niL shairiidders not to act on the c^er until the 
board investigated other possibilities. 

“IHL advi^ its sha^olders that if tb<^ 
accept the current offer for their shares they will 
not receive the benefit of any higher offer price 
could emerge for IHL,” he said. 

"We bdierve that vdiat we’ve put on the table is 


a generous juice,” said Davids’ director, Jeff 
Dav^ "Ifs nearly 14 times IHL’s prcgected 
earnings, and we are just going to wait and see 
wfaathmpeDS.” 

Daritu owns 25.7 percent of IHL’s 31.4 nnl- 
liott issued shares. Foodland Associated Ltd., 
also a grocer, htrids 18.5 percemt, and Kmart 
Corp. has 10.8 pescent 

Foodland its^ is the subjea a 501 milliim 
doliar ^ £n»n Rank Commercial Lid. and 
Cedes Myer Ltd. of New Zealand. 

Eariior, Davids said it would sdl IHL’s 31.7 
perrat stake in Composite Buyers Ltd. if Aus- 
tralian TKuIators concluded that the purchase of 
IHL would reduce aunpetidon. 


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O Please choge my: □ American B^ressQDirwfsaitoD VBA 

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EXP.DME. 


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Rn;311A637Q6S1-Ttb33.1.4^93A1 X 


Henderson Land 
Seis$h3BUUon 
China Investment 

Bloomberg Bimess Sews 

HONG KONG — Hender- 
son Land Development Co. 
plans to invest about 10 billion 
Hong Kong dollars ($13 1»1- 
1km) to Cmna over the next 
three or four years, the property 
ooQoem’s vice chriiman, Colin 
Lam, said Monday. 

"We have our eye on power 
plants, infrastructure items 
such as toD roads and telecom- 
munications;” Mr. Miiri 

Henderson and subadiaiies 
already have interests in holds, 
construction, department 
stores, utilities, transport and 
power plants in Hong Ktmg as 
wen as propeny development 
joint ventures in Quna. 

Mr. Lam said the company 
was emphasizing devdtmments 
in coastal China and in Bdjing. 
He said the money would come 
from working capital and a 
bond issue due in October. 


Bteharm 

indax 

Monday 

Prev. • • 

■% 



. CIbae.. . • 

Close 

Change 

■fiongKong 

Hang Seng • 

9,193,83 

9,117ii2: 

-fO.64 

^ngsporo 

Strafts Times 

2,1B9l1S 

2,198.32 

f0.04 

Sydney 

ABOrdinailes ■ 

2.072.30 

2.058X)D 

tO.69 

Tdqro 

ffikkeiass 

20,717.60. 

20.770.20 

-0.25 

1 Kuala Lumpur Cpi^mslla 

yjOBJQS 

1,012.11 

-O.TO 

Ban^toh • ; 

SET 

1,34E^ 

1.344.17 

+0.08 

Seoul 

epTtposite Stock 

946,80 

938.72 

•IAS 

Ti^- 

-WdgMed Price 

S,53k46 

6,407.60 

+1,97 

)bten&. 

PSE 

2,SS0Ai 

2.004.90 

+1.70 

•J^certa 

Stock Index 

46248 

461.83 

+0.14 

New Zealand 

NZSE-40 

2jmA6 

2.01Z51 

+1.09 

Bontoey ; 

Ndiond Index- 

ifiSEAS 

1,950.79 

-0.14 

Sources: Reuters, AFP 


Iiuenuiioiul HrraUTiihiur 

Very briefly! 


• Hong Kmigfs efforts to moderate the boom in its real-estate 
market bdped cut housing prices by as much as 1 2 percent in the 
second quarter, the consulting concern Jones Lang Woottoo said. 

• Presideitt Enterprises Corp., Taiwan’s largest food processor, 
said pretax profit in the first half rose 54 percenL to 1.6S billion 
Taiwan dollars (^2 miilion), partly from real-estate sales. 

• Jardine a wholly owned subsidiary of Jardine Matheson 

Hohfings Ltd, mid it planned to invest more than 100 million 
Hong Kong dollars ($13 million) to open more than 20 Pizza Hut 
restaurants to southern China. 

• Korea Tdeoooi Corp., a state-owned company, said it acquired a 
20 percent stake in Republic TriecwniBnnicafiwis Headings of the 
Philippines. 

• Australis Media LtiL, the Australian pay television company, 
said it bought IS toe 17 microwave pay television Ucens^ 
auctioned in Adelaide on Monday for 7.46 miJljon Australian 
dollars ($5 million). 

■ ContiDental CaUeyisioii, the third-largest cable company in the 
United Sta^ has jeoned three Singapore companies in a $352 
million prcgect to set up ^ngiqiore's first cable network. 

^ tycoon Gordon Wu’s south China superhighway was 
to traffic: the six-lane, 122-kilometer (73-mile) road links 
^enzhen with Guangzhou, toe capital of Guangdong Province. 

• Sony Ctep. and Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. said they were 
loold^ into standardizing formats of distal video discs, which 
are expeoed to evenUially replace videoU^ and laser discs. 

BioooAerg, Rnaen, AF. AFX. AFP 


Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. 

PRIVATE BANKERS 



Business Established 181B 

NEW YORK BOSTON PHILADELPHIA CHICAGO LOS ANGELES 
DALLAS HOUSTON NAPLES PALM BEACH 


LONDON 

TOKYO 


LUXEMBOURG 
HONG KONG 


PARIS ZURICH 
GRAND CAYMAN 


STATEMENT OF CONDITION, JUNE 30. 199a 


ASSETS 

Cash and Due from Banks SI 61 ,941 ,365 

U.S. Government Securities 

Direct and Guaranteed 

State and Municipal Securioes 

Federal Funds Sold 

Loans and 

Customers’ Uabinty on Acceptances 

Interest and Other Receivables 

Premises and Equipment, net 

Other Assets 


152,714,361 

65,192,303 

180,500.000 

835,667.564 

28.397.204 

5B.051.704 

47,750.005 

15,034.333 

51.545.248.B59 


LIABILITIES 

Deposits 

Federal Funds Purchased and Securities 
SM Under Agreement to Repurchase 
Acceptances: Less Amount in Portfolio ... 

Accrued Expenses 

Other LiabiBties 

Capital 

Suiplus 


S48.000.00Q 

96.000.000 


Sl.322,708.630 

6.490.000 

26.825.675 

26,371.632 

16,652.922 

144,000,000 
$1345.246.859 


PARTNERS 

J. Eugene Banks 
Peter B. Bartlett 
Brian A. Berris 
Walter H. Brown 
Granger Costikyan 
Douglas A. Donahue, Jr. 
William R. Driver. Jr. 

Anthony T. Enders 
Alexander T. Ercklentz 
T. M. Farley 
Elbridge T. Gerry 
Elbridge T. Gerry. Jr. 

UMITED PARTNERS 

Ferdinand Colloredo-Mansfeld 
Gerry Brothers & Co. 


John C. Hanson 
Kyosuke Hashimoto 
Noah T. Herndon 
Landon Hilliard 
Frank W. Hoch 
R. L. Ireland III 
Michael Kraynak, Jr 
T. Michael Long 
Hampton S. Lynch. Jr. 
Michael W. McConnell 
William H. Moore III 
Donald B. Murphy 


John A. Nielsen 
Eugene C. Ramis 
William F. Ray 
A Heaton Robertson 
L. Parks Shipley 
Scokley P Towles 
Lawrence C. Tucker 
Maarten van Hengel 
Douglas C. Walker 
Laurence F Whictemore 
Richard H. Witmer, Jr. 


Robert E. Hunter. Jr 
Kate Ireland 


COMPLETE BANKING n\CILIT1ES AND INVESTMENT SERVICES 

Deposit Accounts • Commercial Loans and Discounts 
Commercial Letters of Credit and Acceptances • Foreign Exchange 
□omesQC and international Corporate Rnancial Counseling 
Merger and Acquisition Services 
Global Custody of Secuncies 

Domestic and International Investment Advisory Sennees 

Institutionsl Investment Services 

Personal Rnancial Services 

Brokers for Purchase and Sale of Securities 

Members of Principal Stock Exchanges 

Rdudary services are provided through Brown Brothers Harriman Trust Company, New 
Ybrk. Brown Brothers Harriman Trust Company cf Florida, Naples and Palm Beach. Brown 
Brothers Hamman Trust Company of Texas. Dallas, and Brdwn Brothers Hamman Trust 
Company ICayman) Limited. 


L to essminauin and rmulHion by the Supennundent oI Banks ol the State ol 

_ anlitfu (X Che Cammanweiaith ol Pennsylvdnia Siib|ectlosoper»isionandeiamin- 

aaonbytlieConiw gg pnW'OfeanltsofeteCofivhoniwaaltho/Massiaehvsetta ThelaoM'^oluirDucacio Lc«Angeies 


Licensed as Private BsiAers and 
NewVbrLandbythe Department oi 


OaRM, Hausten. N^es and Pavn Bwh offices are kmited to investment management urof erage and linancial 
advisory fienneae The (acikues of the Tcriivo offee and the Pans and Zunch suD&Oanes are hinted u> arranging 
proherage and franoal adiinry services BitMm Brothers Hamman Lmiitad London provne iinanciBl wvisory 
and broCeraoe services and is a member oi Tte SecuntiBS and Futures Audioncy Limned iSrA. Brawn Brothers 
Hammsn Inves tm ent Ma naflem ent United London (rvvidFS investment manaoement serveee and is a nwmeer 
of the Investment Management Regi^etory Qr^nKauon Limiud lIMRal 


TQOURREADBkS 

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-age 16 



SPORTS 


Federation Cup: 
Most Favorites 
Advance Easily 

The Aaedaled Press 

FRANKFURT — Argentina and France 

J ualified for the second round in the women’s 
'edendon Cup tennis tournament Monday, by 
, both Mwir singles matches for tmbeat- 


) leads. 

atinfl got past Cuba with Patricia Tara- 
bmi Beating Yoanis Montesinos, 6-4, 6-2, and 
FloTBoda Labat winning by 6-1, 6-0 over Bellas 
Rodriguez. 

Aigmtina is playing without its top star, Ca- 
bxida Sabaiini, pulled out with a shoulder 
injury last week, 

France, led by Mary Pierce, who ranks No. 8 
in the worid, swept its two singes matches, with 
Julie Halaid heating Choi Ju Yeon of South 
Korea, 6-4, 6-4, an<T Fierce breeziiig past Park 
Hee, 6-3, 6-1. 

Also gualif^ng for the second round with 
b^-to-back si^es victories, makiiu the later 

many, Sout 


doubles 



less, were Gemany, &>uth Afri- 


ca and the Slovak Ri^blic. 

Japan fTiina, Mlgiutn and Sweden and 
the Netherlands and Belarus all split their singles 
matches, leaving the teams tied at one point each, 
the doiibte still needed to determine a 
winner. 

Play was delayed for more than an hour be- 
cause of a ste^y rain. 

Spain, the Federation Cup defending champi- 
on, led by Arantxa Sinchea-Vicario and onchita 
Martinez, the Wimbledon champion, is the big 
favorite to repeat this year. 





birfliy of Title 


Mm MMBtretHM* 

Anke HubeTj CO raate to defefldng C<tiombia''s Cnnoixift Gir&ldo fts Gemumy woobodi^B^esimtcIm. 


^Leonard Sksifoio '‘‘■' 

WnMyiwiMSfernar' ' 

TUR^ERRY. SootUnd 
It was typcal oS NidLPrice, . a 
jolfy .g^ fellow ;so popito 
among his playiagpee^^ 
rime riiirmg jus Britidl Optt 
^dctdty ceremony to turn to-' 

. ward me riinner-t^j Jeqxr Fac^ 
nmk of Sweden, tM telLlmn, 
**You.’ie‘.goiiig to be a gtett 
play^ Yon have age on. ytnr' 

Hiat is precise^ what-fti^ 
37, adtizeo (tf 2nd}abweboi^ 
in South Africa to Fjt^sh pei!> 
dits and a resident (tfCMando, 
Flcnda, had dmu WmMif m a 
lifetiine cd wandering die globe 
m search of die pmeet. gcdf . 
swing. 

Now, said his long-time 
teacher and friend, David 
Leadbetter, **I don't think' 
therms any di^te abont vdio's 
Na l,isthexe^ 

The Sony xanldDB still listed 
Pricers bkad Greg MOtman as 
the top^anked puyer in 6he 
wodd on Nfcmdit^, witii Price 
No. 2. But anyone ?dK> saw 


After Capriati, New U,S, Tennis Prodigy’s Dehut Put on Hold 


By Robin Finn 

ffew YeHc Times Senrice 
NEW YORK -"The good news, if 
you happen to be offended by the 
noticm 01 14-year-old professional ten- 
ds players and appalled by the drug- 
defection and despair at Jenni- 
fer Cfiprigti, is that 14-y6ar^dd Venus 
w niiama wQl nOt be wifllrifig bCT dcbut 

next month at the 'Vui^ma Slims of 
Los Angeles. 

The bad news, if you happen to 
market this cradle-robbing sport and 
reap personal profit from multinuUion 
dollar careers like Capriati's, is that 
14-year-old Venus Williams not be 
mating ha dcbut next month at the 
Vinjma 9ims of Los Angries. 

lightened off the personal and 
professional nosedive taken by the 18- 
ycar-old Ci^iiati, vdio in better da^'s 
had served as their dau^tei's role 
model, the Williaias fanuly has te- 
nded on its rrmch-pubtidzed dedskm 
to allow Vcsins to ^ home to Califor- 
nia and test the piofessiooal waters in 
tony Mantuan Beach. 

**Jamifer was one of those can’t- 
miss girls, and it seems like Venus is 


the same way, but now we think it’s 
not a wise dedrion to let Venus play 
yet,** the prodigy’s anxious father. 
Ridiard, s^ recently from the fam- 
ily's home in D^y Beach, Florida, 

**Her situation is too dcM to vdsax 
Jennifer's was; Jennifer left home to 
train udth Rick Macd, she turned pro 
at a toumameat close to home with 75 
or 80 reporters watching, and we just 
feel like we’d be gdng profeadonal in 
too antilar a way.” 

Williams grew up poor in Compton, 
California, brace her father's tendency 
to call her his ‘'ghetto CmdereUa,** 
even though the far^y deserted 
Compton for Florida four years ^ to 
accelerate Venus's tennis raucation. 

But this is a Cinderdla story with a 
twist Where the fairy-tale character 
had to worry about coming home too 
late from the ball, lest her carriage turn 
into a pum^dn and her gown to rags, 
Venus williaxiis is worried about en- 
tering tornis too socm lest the inevita- 
ble lunouane provided by the star- 
starved tennis establishment turns into 
a hense. 

Venus Williams is, as everybody in 


the tennis business is acutdy aw^ 
the most famous bla^ tennis prodigy 
never to play an actual match. She has 
been by Maod and Nidc Bol- 

lettieri, has b^ serenaded % tie 
United States Tennis Association, and 
has pledged her unofficial allegiance to 
Reebok after being courted by ump- 
teen mwiVm - «v>mpfifii«^. 

She turned 14 last month and, under 
thepresent welcome wagon format the 
Women's Tennis Cotnical affords its 
teenage ■Bgn-<ariem even as it stage- 
vriiispm its grave reservations about 
letting little giris do women's wcirk. is 
d^bus to jom the professional dreuit 
According to Rivard Williams, no- 
body from ^t circuic's hiesarcfay has 
ever him from lettuu Venus 

turn professioaaL Imuead, hehas got- 
. ten tne in^nesson that women's 
would be ^y too happy to add his 
deleter's name to its marqtiee. 

**T ennis is going to have Jennifer 
Capriatis Iv the oo^ if tfau keeps 
he said **lt'8 wrong that the 
C, the WTA, the ITF and the 
USTA don't have a real plan to pie- 
vent this. The next time you see a 14- 


year-old go profesrional, someone 
should shoot the pamts, and those 
people from the WTC ou^ to go join 
the Russian Aninr; they don't care 
about your kid, th^. only cans vdiat 
she can bring the bu^ess. They say, 
‘Here's some monmr, now give ns your 
kid.*” 

Last winter, Venus asked her par- 
ents whether ^ could play the Man- 
hattan Beach event, and, dqieading on 
her grades at the close of the school 
year, th^ agreed to let her compete. 

But the family altered its course last 
week afta a visit to Compton. After 
bang nmbbed by autogr^pb-sedceis 
and well-wishers back in the old neigh- 
borhood, Venus bersdf decided she 
wasn’t ready for the hoopla. 



joatoseeher, 

“We tetid her there would be too many 
people expecting too much from her u 
she play^ so near her hometown. We 
tdd her, *You can't be out there play- 
ing for the blades, or fbr the whites, or 
whoever, itis going to be an you can do 


just to plsy for youcadt vriien the time 
comes.” 

When the ^l^Uiams famlfy got back 
to Florida, Vemis wrote down per ra- 

f(Or A j ing in g wwtw^. **If thia jg 

what oonld happen to me,” she wrote, 
refitari]:^ to Cqinati's fall, *T tinnk Td 
never pack 19 a radeet again. X can't aee 
•ri yfjinft bang Aat ypung waUdng 
away from tennis. Bittu dus is what 
comes in the future, miQrbe Fd better 
an astronauL” 

But Vehns also infor med her parents 
that she oqMcu to be rea^ topuy two 
or three tournaments nests year tdum 
^*s IS, and th^ expect to let her do 
it 

“So many parents jnst want the 
money so bad^ thqrYe greedy, 
wdre hopm wnxe n^” said Richard 
Waiiaiia.**wdre hoping weVekar^ 
by what luppened to Jennifer 
mn if k seems Eke nofaot^ dse ha& 
We want to resist ^ pressure and we 
want to do the right fimig. But ifs hard 
to know what that is.” 

£^>eda]ly when tiierds so modi 
piofit-io be had by dohig the wrong 
thmg - 


. Prices :stuimmg, come-f^’ 

birdie^' par the ^si three 
jMles,;as:he overtook Pamevik,. 
Tiodd have todisagzen 
nirahad omne.roj^l 

oflSrtiavnig 
idayed wdlin the minors dnoe 
-ms. PQ^ bieak- 

throdgh jh'1992. 

Iha-ydtf, hdd shot 77 in tiie! 

. fiwt round .Masters and 
fondled . 35 & . Inik ' month, ' he 
^}OMdiiitir76attlieU.& Open 
ax Oakmoot and ""^ 7 ^ tiae.cut 
*;7irot pisyjng M mqon 
cim-he so disig)pointii 4 ”i 
ssidlhed^y befm this 
c^asddp b^an. “Maybe Fve 
been trying too hard to pet the 
baH too dose and not bben pa^ 

tienf enough- You have to put 
yboxidi m Ifae right frame 
ntind. You don't go out fixing 
ou all ei^t ^lindens- zi^t 
away. Yon have to to jotw 
. yoondfinmpoation and thoi 
ooriie good dd the lost day.".' 

. Price foDowed' tfaas fdonnla 
m penGecriondm the fbor days 
of this memocaUe toornamenL 
He was tov strokes off tfieJead 
after tiw ficstdtottnd,.twoJi^ 
after Sdhdes, b^ind minn 
shot Boiog mto die 
holes Mter : Ms second saa^ 
bogey at the 18th.holeoia,Sanir- 

Simdigr,' he was aag^ at 
himseff for not making any- 
thing hai^en over the .front 
inne in pafM*phQ!iBg>^oon& 
tioQs on the Ama ooooe widi 
its dead cahn, softjpt^ and 
bouncyfaitwi^ ^^atineo- 
sttblGe leaid and ^ boias to 
play, he had tried to:ooBftfiame 
once^ m ffie *82 BdtirirOpieri^ 
00 ^ to have Tom Watsop rath 
past hm to win at-lkoosl' .. . 

^ ymtis later, 1 ie'd''BarilBd 
Seve .Bdlerteror at |Loy4 
Lytham. 8 nd.Boocambed to' the 
Spsln&irdfi 

tfic finUjiiaigMes, jftet 

pe ri ehcev^i^.^- • 

If potifrig. hag; 

learned how/io .inh. as. ev«^ 
level of the had 

championships outride. the 
American tom. -Hejdajred the 
South Afiri^ and Et m ^ie ai i 
toiirs brfoire comag to Jhe 
United 5fiafea to, ehlY fhB-tone 
in 


^ ••• 



MalorLaaguaBtantfnga 


AMBRICAN LEA6UC 
EartDtoMoa 



W L 

PCL 

Gl 

NawYartt 

34 as 

sa 


BoMnwra 

S 37 

J57 

m 

BoXon 

45 45 

JN 

9to 

octralt 

41 N 

47 

13to 

Ttotoito 

4B 55 

CdBtralDIVtM 

44 

Mto 

Otvalorid 

51 H 

MB 


Chkaea 

54 94 

45 


KangaBOTy 

N 44 

J33 

7 

MInngggto 

4 47 

45 

11 

MlNtoutaa 

4 4 
Wwmvtoton 

43 

18to 

TtXOl 

44 4 

44 


oreiand 

4 51 

45 

4 

CoUtonda 

N 34 

49 

• 

StOrtlt 

37 54 

47 

7 

NATHNlALLIAeUe 

EotoowiBton 



nr L 

P4. 

«■ 

Arttoita 

S3 34 

A15 


Mootraal 

34 37 

sn 

3 

PMtadgtoBla 

44 4 

jn 

12to 

NtwYork 

4 4 

43 

14 

Florida 

4 35 

Ctortroi MvWoa 

47 

I4to 

Onelnmn 

54 97 

jn 

— 

Heudton 

32 4 

43 

2M 

Plttoburgti 

4 4 

45 

lOto 

N.LaHto 

4 4 

jsn 

KM 

dilcage 

35 S3 
WHiDtYtotfM 

jea 

isto 

tOAltollto 

4 4 

41 


Cotornds 

4 4 

49 

3 

Son Pranetoeu 43 SD 

43 

4M 

StoiOligo 

37 34 

45 

IBM 

Sunday*a Line Scores 



AMERICAN LEAOUB 
MHmokM 3N UD 10*-^ t 3 

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SeonlHV Pftten <9) and wreno; PulMo. 
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(.".PHlIdA >4 S v- r ot HT S C13). HRi— MII- 
woukiH MiHhd 19). Wreno (1). 

Odwion d on on qn-s 7 o 

ciiiGaao ns IN idM— 3 9 • 

Mcrr li , CoNnn <■) and S. Alemor, Bcr4 
Cook («), R. HomondB (9) and Karkotdee. 
LdVallldf* l*).w— 8«re.W4.b-Morrlo.M, 
Sw— 14 HomondB (IQ), HRi— Odcdoa Coro 
(3). Tmmn (33). Clevdlana S. Aloraw (ID. 


3B ni N»~40 IS I 
ni NO 9 1 

Mom. EkMwn (7) ond TMMI; Sartmr. 
urTOlrN(4).ljiwHdndC'tWti«r.w-MBwr> 
4 L Borin — U HRK-CollfonilH COovH 
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NdwTdrk 9N M Ni 1 4 M I 

SddfM «n IN 30^4 4 S 

KamlHiMd. eibdon (7), Wklunan (3). 
MulMlaid If) «dSt«nl|y; CumrUngA KIhb 
( 7). Rnbon (7). Davis (9). G osww (9) M 
HoomU W-KemiHiladd. 4& L— Cum- 
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Tvtobull (14].Saani4T.MmnB(19).Jd4 
Mrson (S). 

BN SN an-4 9 3 
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and BorrrMI; HnM.Wkldi OI.VoNnv (7). 
As* IB), (.nwr (9) and SWnbodL W— Fvr. 
3-1. L-Acrw 4-1. Bv- R yan m. HRi-Mi- 
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TvodN ni BN BW-4 • B 

TOdi ON no BOO-i 4 1 

Stmorl.Csx IB). Hall (9) and Borddrs; Re» 
•n,WMiBMt (8I.OMvar (9) aid RddrlauaL 
W-'4tniart>4L-Roo«n.1»4Sv-Hall (9). 
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0«lr«n BN IN B0»-1 4 I 

Knna a* 3N IN 33H.4 7 I 

Gdlir. Odvto 13). Groan (S) and Tonwoii 
Cone Martamrr (9) and Mavra. W—CoHA 
134 Lr-eohr. 34 S» -M unhi oHiaY (ID. 
H R s D ilrqH 14 GNsen (ID. 

RATICMAL LBAOUC 
Fioiiaa NS BN ns— 1 9 B 

Allarta BN 3N BBn-4 3 B 

SdwM. SL Lons (71. Mum (B) and Saill» 
go: 6. Modditi oM J. Lopoa W-e. Maddux. 
IM.L-SdWld.IH. 

Son otfoa 4N BN NI— If if 0 

Nm* Vor* BN MB N^ I 4 1 

HoiHilai. Florffs (9) and Auoms; P. 
Smith. Go» (3). Gundanon IB). ML Maddux 
(9) and Hundley, w ■Ho mu iov 44 l-p. 
$niniL49. HRs-Soi DMgo. e. Wlfflaiml (D. 
HeudM Hi BN 001-9 H B 

PINSbOron ON on OBO-O S 0 

n n twi i rr a n wmni m nni i miinnrnBnai 

BoBoiion <B).WMtt (6).MIcall (9) Old Par- 
rtsft. s ^R ovnolN. 74 l— W oorwr, M 
HR— Houdot Pinlav (in. 

SesPranelsa Ml HO on-l ll l 

Mo nt i oil ON ON on-4 « 1 

Vaiundlnaliom, Gomet (B). Bodi (O) and 
MOM orln p; roMira, H sredM (5). Show (D> 
Relos (9) and WNtfor. iM^vgnljendlngliQtn. 
3-1. 1 Fniwnt 74 Sv Bidr. RD). 
LoiAntal M ON ON 009-7 11 I 

punodalgkla 114 on 3lu-f is o 

AstadA Soonsz (3). Ooul (B), McOowdl (9) 


and Pkam: vuMmakbNaniiiil l9).Ander 
iai(9).D.Jwwe(9)aMLINii BM LW- V U)ai 
aada VI L Aolada. 4J. Sv— O. jem (3D. 
HR»-.miaririMiicbOifflaan (D. KniR (4). Lot 
AnortiA wwwHr (3). Ca I l inwn dH (3). 

on no IN »-a a a 
BN ni BN l-B 11 3 
Podar. Ono (4). CrNn (D. PInae (l). Bow^ 
tlda nO) Old WIIMn» Manoa McElroy (D. 
CoTOHo (B), X Brodlir (0). x RdHn (in 
and Danon, w— J. Rumn.»4 L-eoutMaB- 
4 HRo-dnamn. Boont (D. 

StLooll no BN N^f JO e 

CdWindB ON 114 0B»-1B M 0 

iuldMA Evarsood (4). R. RodrlniH (31 
ondT.MeGrlfl; PmomanrGr.HarTb (Bl«i. 
Row (l).a RuffM (9) ondStwaihr.W ^m . 
movM. Lp-Bddma S4 H Ro-CoMradA B4 
dwIM (3U. Ltaion (31. N. LadA Pott (9). 
Zdli («. 6. Pwa m. 

•nw Michael Jordan Watch 

SUNDAVG GAME: Jordoi wont Vlar4 
wimiwodtlkaadAowdoutandan RBIdov 
MthuXSvIdarravarTtwOrxanvIUteravaA 
H« nod any gvIM In rldrt fMdl 
SEAMN TO DATE: Jortoi Is bamr« .193 
(«04ar4U)«flin37ninAl3deuMaAltrlglA34 
RBIA 37 woDa n drUHOute and 33 oMoi 
boMi in 91 olfandA He In 19 ewtoulA 4 
oWdi and 9 ermrt in ngM field. 


Plofr Uprumov. RuhIo. OewtaA 13:37; B 
Tlwmas Davy. Fmnou Ceduranev 14:73; f, 
Alex ZdlA Switxcrlend. ONCE. 14:19; 10k 
Abrdxxn Otana Snobv MowL D:51. 


Pavla Cup 

neiegmcd P H i y eW i 
(Lniera (» Oman III M im) 
ATCdre. Epygl 
Evygf B Bdeato 3 
MwduT.denttH 

aalsoHd del. Egygl. 44 44 44 44 


Tour d« Franca 


BOMltt Moidar el ne awme io eMr 044- 
— dlMNiifelmaiMoHwinirfeCapav 
tiiii PiOinBii iiidirii raiiiinimniMikH 
tlnw:l.EraiNundr.Ma«aleca4rw«rAn 
mkwfgANsecanN:3,AaenaEin.lMlv.GB- 
MS, 9 RdnulaA N eocoiN Mdnd; 9. PBHdl 
UnA FroioA PodlnA B;Ni 4 ReUede CortL 
Holy. unoTA 3:41; 3. Rtdxxd vtianuA 
ProKA PedinA 4:00. 

A Armood De Lni Omvba PioiOA CodOP' 
oma axiw time; 7. Ple(r Uuiuuiw. RuhIa 
G ewf8A e ai w l ln M{l.AlaiZuliA B wl ti a1onA 
ONCE,eaM Nnw; 9.Mloal InduralAigdA 
BonastAeamflme; lAMorcaPaMnLltdr. 
Carrara, same nmc. 

Ovasdl nondBoi: l> Mloud indurelA 
SaaM. 74 aaoTA 11 mlnuiti 91 ooa 

anN: 2. Ridiad vmnauA PranoA PedinA 
7:M bdibid; B Armond De Los CuevoA 
FroKA Qa d a w B A i 0M3; 4 Luc LeMonc 
PranoA F«tlnAB:3Si X Vlodmlr PeuMBiav. 
RuedA ComTA I1:30i 

A moreo p g iil uiX iMy. C o ttwa 11 dO: 7. 


H Mom HemedA Eoref. Non Klekiney. 

EdgorlA 44 74 44 M 44; Acnr Ghenelm 
det Mark fMrkov, BuMalA94 4444 
AMERICAN ZONE 
Oreep I 
SenHlMl 

(WlBRtr M Boe fkwn 
Ai MexmiNBi umwy 
Uii Oaii XAio nrt l u d 3 
Sunday, ravene ilBflH 
cabrW MarfcvA AmentbA del. Morcile 
Pimplnl. urvanv. 5-7.44,44 44; Oieoa Pa 
roA Uraoiov.del. Javier FroH. ArgemMA 4 
4 44 74 174). 

Oreun ii 

Pr em gf l ai Ptordf 
(WtonA- N Grom I to 1999 
Af Muut wi 
VMHefgXCOHddX 
Supday, luvim Hedu 
Maurice RMfvVenanwta. dd. Daniel N» 
ler.ConndA44445444,' Nleela Pereira. 
vaxHueta. def, BeMotWn LoranA CenodA 5 

BASEBALL 


Keenan to CoachBhes 

New yoHc Tbna Serriee 

NEW YORK — hCke Keenan, who abruptiy quit as- 
coacb of the New Yosk Rangcn only Fnd^ si^t, cam- 
pleted a stunning wedtend of job-rixqqniig and job-hpp- 
pzng byjoming tiie St Louis Blues as coara and gmeral 
manager. - 

''Thfr has come aniund very quid^,” Keenan said Smrii^F 
ni gbt- Asked ff he planned to fiiifiO the five years of this 
contract, be relied: "I hope nn here longer tiiBD that” 

But the announcement bom Sl Louis nu^r be onh^ the 
beginning of a battle in National Hockey Lea^ executive 
suites. The Rangers are Bisected to ooniest the toaiture of 
Kera^ who had four years left cm his contrara Iff sojbQr 
are lOcdy to ask for eitber compe ns ation bom die Blsm or 
ales th^ the deal to be vetoed. 

Keenan contended that the contract wu tneadwd be- 
cause the Raagas were a day late in sending ban some 
bonus mon^rHowever, it is vnddy known that be was in a 
power strug^ dimute with Neil Smith, the president and 
general manager os the team. 


judge ' 

Has Acted : ^ 

The AaetiMi Pleas . 

NEW YORK ^ A federal sodas 
niled Monday that the Natknu B^ 
ketball Association's salary cap, cot- 
lege draft and zi^oif fital xefiiw do 
not vkdate antitrust laws. 


Had Do^ ruled- that die salary 
cap and drift were ilhgaT, all the 
Tooder drafted last'irimtth-wDald 
have beccone unrestricted free agents 
and tiiere would be ho limit on 
teams could offer prospective signees. 

Duffy said he could not fih^ anti- 
trust violatkms because the collective 
bainizimg agteemem was edntroUed 
W fedcam labor latir and 
Thus, he said, these was no antitrust 
vrolaspn ."as long as the odlective 
batgarhm^ rdatiooship exbt^” 


roA Tour events over the last 

‘ two seasons, more that anyone 

.-rise. . . 

In 1982, be had begun the 
ffloeeas of re-tot^ his game 
mda the watdiful eye of Lead- 
better, et the time an obscure 
lAariiing pro. Now knbvm p 
Faldo's- swing Syengali. 
L*arfh etiri- W been Price s m- 
lor for seviiil years before te 
met the English star, in fact it 
was Price who suggested that 
Faldo see Leadbetter when he 
was stn^gliflg in the eariy *80^ 
‘fWhen i went to see Lead- 
better in '82, my game vm't 
good eoex^” Price said, ^ne 
6m tirrse looked at iQy swing 
mi a video 1 almost threw up. 1 
hoifi five- different planes 
in nxy getif swing. It was ugly. 1 
knew 1 bad some serious worit 

to da IJavid wasn’t that great a 

ftaehra bade then. He was m- 
perimeatmg with-me and Den- 
nis Watson, but thinm worked 
out over the yearfc Hi^s been 
gt^ for my game.” 

Hfrcaine to tuznbeny aa thi^ 
rtply three-time winner on tbe‘- 
PGA Tour. As Fus^ Zorite... 
the driid-place said, 

**Ihe .why he^s putting now, 
NiG39caD wm.aiQrthnig." . . 

The smne ocmld not be srid 
for one of Sunday's saddest sto- 
ziiea, the ecUiose of 364ole 
Jeader Tom Watson, odio -en- 
tered tbe .]^ round osi3y a 
stndce back and was tied for the 
. St- 'TunMindBr after his 
faizdie at the seventh ho^ 

But becfr-tO;back double bo- 
gey^ indiidiog ntissm of tbre^ 
and fonr-foot putts at Ae 
and ninth hries, scot him 
ofimniTtg eff the board ^ 
down to a tie for 11th. His 
drmm of a rixdi Bxitirii Open, 
of-Qting Harry Vaidoo for the 
tecerairBedtnded. . 

^ aIvTays, Watson was gra- 
dona in do^ tzying^to con- 
scte'^bcyimi partna ra 
and'«9ag-^ diowed a lot of 
souL". 

For rhbstof this Open, so did 
Watabm 'rddndling memarte 

opeoagain betrayed fahiiovith a 
riialv sttoke in iht infenio of 
-tihefiori round. / 

In tire rad, ft was Price's bi^ 
.Jiantidaws.T* he missed oi^ 
two£ur«rays Sunday <xi the fi- 
nd 18 h(^ .—and Im cfaippiDg 
and-mitting that mevailed. He 
saEved pars from cn the bade of 
the green at the X3th and 14th, 
sridta 14-f(M)tmfmbintieat 16, 
aSOrfooter for eagle at 17, and a 
DVO:f ooter for the victcuy at the 
lastbole. - 

"hficfc’s won two mriors and 
he^s got two to go,” said Zodler, 
who also todc a shot at the 
American pros.w4iD skq^ed 
tiiis event, calling them ”^t- 
less” for not trying to pl^. 

- ^rust me, to win toor- 
naments yoifve got to make 
putts at the right time and the 
right place,” he said. "He had to 
nrelre that big pun at 16 just to 
get into positiOD just for 17 to 
mean Bo methin g. 

*Tm happy for Nick. He's a 
oedit to Che game of golf, a true 
sportsman.” 

And the wise and wiMtfay 
chanqnoD of the 123d Mtim 
0^. 


BOSTO N Swd Cvtoi ne dr i B uoj. InfMo- 
O', to moMAa, lu m urt tod Dm VoiEa 
noi^L pEtoar. Iram PmHutoaL 
KAN9MCITY— PlltMUki Mogi mi ll A P l Wl 
V. oi I54ar AtoMd lisL RKoUed Jon Df 
JowA id Wf. tram OmNn. AA. 

OAKLAND-W Braof GotoA InfltMv.oi 
1S4oy diaoMM tw. BoiidM eodrato gf Frov 
et» MetaA li l ftoW e '. fram ToeainA PCI. 

BEATTLE— Roetotod Jam CMomtoBA 
reow. tram Calforr. PCi- OPitenid Marc 
ttowftoto. awWOdif, to Col gem. 

TEXAS— Pvl Biny ragkoh knficMor.ai IX 
dgy dlioBlid Da. PutOuls Joma oiWglda, 
oa I54er d h B W i d lie. reraodlvt to Jwiv 14. 
Acnoatod Got Rgton. gutfloMo'. ood Dew 
BlraaA toHoM oi . traw U4ov IM. 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, JULY 19, 1994 


‘For Italy V BoK, i ^ 





By Samiiel Abt 
/MenwofaMBf Am4/ Thhne 
C/^PENTRAS, France — 
lae Toot de France finally 

stowed Mood^, the riders pei 
elnig at a lasgnid 2S kflom£^ 
an hour away bom the start 
because they were intwmitat>^ 
W the one bump in the road 


What a bunq) that was: 
Ventoux» a cfinib rated bmid 
^*ogth, steepness 
arid diffiod^. Moot Vwtooa, a 

barren motmtaintop of som^ 
ingheat 

And it was already a hot day. 
Rismg 1,909 meters (6^ feet) 
lrct the plams of tiie Vaudnse 
r^on, the moontainl^ hidden 
in a hint haze generated by aor 
other day cJ high hianidi^ jwx^ . 
teayer^esm tly inid“90s (3S 


Bven in moderate weather, 
VentOQz is known as a tesri- 
tying cfimb 21 kDometecs (13 
ndles) long on a grade of more 
than 8 percent for 16 Idtomders 
and neariy 10 perce n t tor the 

rest Debate Its name ^Rfindv 

*- •-* . ^ 


chidii^ Lance- Annstranfr an 
Ameo^ with Mbtonda and 
the worid ioad'^ace 
did not start 

Another ca^^ was Rob 
iTiimirftn^ a- Dutds sprinter 
‘fririt TVhC. ms' disiiiiili- 
fied late. Snaidv mght for get~ 
^tq> ac&nb byiuU 
his term car. The peniriQr was 
meant as a .^ffaming for the 
mopntainons days ahead. 

Die pa^ .yUdi has been 
tanritip atoi^ ’fDripnsW every 
other diQr, rode stot^ ncnn the 
start of this. ISfh m 21 daQy 
stag^ TWO hours after the 

C areiaMoomdfier, nobody 
yet attadoea and die speed 
remamed a omsfant ^ IqpUL 
Mont Veotom^s peak sat at 
Kitoaieter-I90.5ofthe231-Uto- 
meter stagcand die dimb be- 
gah at Kitomder 1!]^ What rid- 
er oocld hein.a hr^ to get 
fhetti? 

Rolf ' Jaemuam could. The 
Swiss with GB^G broke the 
truce ^ attafaring at a tot be- 
ycmd Rildneter 48. Quicify 
Teeteditt by thepad^s itoc ao- 




. f 


In a Wacky Weekend 
In Chicago, Indians 
Hold On With Split 






m. 


^c- 




The Assoaaed Press 

After a wacky weekend of 


**Obviously, it was someone 
internally with the Indians,’' be 


Ik.' ' 


k.' 




m 





mysterious capers at Comiskcy ^d. 

Park, only this much is certain: Belle went l-for-d as three 


The Clevdand Indians still hold White Sox pritcbers shut down 
a narrow lead over the Chicago the Indians. Jason Bere stnick 
White Sox. out seven in S% innings, Domis 

The Wlute Sox salvaged a pook S^ve up one hit in 2^ 
split of an iatrisuing four-ganae innings and Roberto Heman- 
series, beating memdians, S-2, dez closed for his lOth save. 
Su^ay to puQ within two per- Frank Thomas hit his 33d 
centaffi points of first-place how run for the White Sox and 
Clevdand in the American 



V « 

4** ; t--. 




Clevdand in the American 
Central Divisfon. 

The teams play four more 
games next in Q eve- 

land, the last time they’re 
schedule to meet in the re^ax 
season. But before then, there 
are plenQ^ of quesdoos to be 
ansmaed: 

• Was Albert Bdle's bat 
ctxrked? 


AL ROUNDUP 

teammate Jo^ Cora hit his 
fourth homer in the major 
leagues. 

Vankees 14, Marhias 4: Jim 
Leyritzhomered twice and dnow 
in five nms, Danny TartabuU hit 
a grand slam and visidag New 




mm 


• Who broke into the tun- Yoik oonqileted its first four- 
pires’ lodcer room and replaced game sweep of Seattle. 

BeDds bat with anotbei? Wade went 4-for-4 and 

• Was the bat that showed up Bernie Wfibams had three hits 
ftwiday thft thj it wa, r wific- foT the Yankees, who scoTcd 46 


M^giel liidnnin, widi Ijk LeMaito (fnrlcD), Anonod De Las Ciievax and Ridiard VSreaqnfr (rig^X np Veotooz. 




aunoay tne one mat was conns- 
cated Frid^ night? 

*'It won't be pushed under 


runs in the series. 

Leyritz hit a pair of two-run 


Moumam, it is often without a cdoadon of the day, he was 
trace of besh air in the summer.. . followed on the offensive by 
For neariy the last half of the Davide Cassani, as Italian 
ciixsb, it IS without a trace <rf teamm^ and Giovansi Fi- 






sb ad e . danza, an Italian with PohL 

Wm Eros Poli mtimidated? Alihoiirii they woe qniddy 
ErosItoIi,kanBkazefif5tdaas? caught^ Se^nnSV^S 
"I hm« to keep trying to do left several riders betaind.^tb 
s omething if I want to win a four days oi in «ly» 

stagey** the Italian rider for the A^s-ahead,- stazidsgTbesday, 
MercaloneUnoteamsaidafew the ridera to want' no 

dqrs after he set off a tong more reduedons in ranks, 
and unsuccessful s<^ attack on '*fjiCT* **»***»^ march, 

UlttTOtooiiiudiofadi,!- 
When he tried Mood^, no- tenge for Itoli. After his tong- 
body responded by diasing him lwkilaiiteters,fbiirhoiirs-- 
and probably a few in the pack »nA nn 

iaaighed A si^port rider who fim w^.to Rmnoscope TWT»^ . 
leads the team's ^irintersmto dmagp,he«tolrinediiisiDO- 
the final few bnudred metecs, rivesinadditida to his quest for 
Itob is not a winner and certain- victoy: “II I don’t I 

ly not a climber. have nothing to do.'*. He has 

Let them l ai^ ,' Hit next fomidluinseifwithootaMaica' 
time a rider saw it was four tme Uno'qpcintar to lead bo* 

and a half hours later and he cause one is skk and not com- 
wasstmdimaathevicUuypo- peting and the other eaxty 
dhnn in Cupentras, wavmg m this 81st Toot. 

gtocftiBy at a huge crowd. — 

•' After a brave and imagina- . ^ 

bve ride alone for 171' kflomo- J| ■ - . 

ters the Itafian finiriied first by .1 
3 minutes. 39 seconds, down 
from a peak of aeudy 24 - 

utes. He was rimed in 6 hours, Tiit-AmeimeiPmi 

31 mi n ut es, 59 seconds, an aver- Feniando was back in the 

age per hour of 3S3 ldtoaiete& rictoiy ootomn, and be wasn’t a 
Second, was Alberto EQi, an Brazinan soccer star. 

Italian with GB-MG, and tirird Fernando Vatodcoida, con- 
was Pascri ^o, a Fre nchman adeeed wariMd vp after last 
with Festina, bc^ in the same tmnfon . sbri oat fab framer 


the caipet," said the White Sox shots, gtvzi^ him 15 homens, 
general manager, Ron Schueler. and had a bases-loaded walk. 
'Tt's serious to break into a TartabulFs Inth homer capped 
locked room. Sorneone bri^ • six-ra seveu± inning Uiat 
into a locked room and there made it 9-Z 
was damage done.” Reggie Jefferson and Tlno 


So, on tins wretchedly hot Pushed by a tatlwmd as he Mont Ventoux fought back, 
raid fanmid day, Poli went away passed a Rranan viaduct in the On another suffocating July 
and stayed aw^, ridn^ alone first of two transits of Caipen- day in 1967. it was the scene ra 
through a without tras, Pc^ was ennsmg ^:3S the only dath in the modem 

peopte or viOagBS for ndle after ahe^ of padc and 15:50 Tour — that of Tom Sinqisoo, 
nrile. E&. on^ view yras the ahead of his rauy chaser. Mario sn English rider who suc- 
road and the vineyards Mootavan, an Italian with Car- combed to beat eathaustion ex- 
on either side of it leca. acerbated by amphetamines. 

^ i^iL ^ The lead over the pack at- A memorial mariter to Simp- 
tained a peak of neariy 24 mm- soa is plac^ triiere he feD. a 
^ y« ^oloratia from the lop amid 

more vineyards, thoe for C6tes baked chips ofhmestona Tour 
Ventoux, anraher fair table officials and star ridera from the 
first spotted the past placed a bouquet there 
mramtain. Monday mmutebefore PoU 


a Rranan viaduct in the On another suffocating July 
first of two transits of Caipen- day in 1967. it was the scene ra 
tras, Pc^ was ennsing ^:3S the only dath in the modem 
abe^ of pagif and 15:50 Tour — that of Tom Sinqisoo, 
ahead of his rauy chaser. Mario an English rider who suc- 
Mimtanran, an Italian with Car- enmbed to beat eathaustion ex- 
lera. acerbated by amphetamines. 

The lead over the pack at- A memorial mariter to Simp- 
tained a peak of neariy 24 min- soa is placed vAun he feO, a 
Qtes just after Pdi r^cbed yet kilometer from the top amid 


^ |5«iiwSbm» was damage done.” Reggie Jefferson and Tlno 

t (rig^X op Ventonz. Bdle's bat was taken by um- Martintt homered for Sratile. 

plies Friday ni^t after White OrMes IfX Aweb 5: Rafad 
^ manage. Gene Lamoot, Palmeiro and bright Smith 
quesUoned whether it was each homered and drove in 
corked. Later in the evening, three runs as Baltimore won in 

someone dhubed through an California, 
was down t04. 31 on his nearest m-rnim ntinif iVm nff?r«^if til. .V , 

mirsiier. PantanL and 6:3 mw Palmeiro connected for a 


victray: “U I don’t «***<*ir^ | the lead was 10:16. The lesson 

have noriung to do.'* He has he was teaihing the pack was He went at it wifii gusto, ris- 
formdlmzBdf without a Merea- itot to ignore a xider who hipped ing from his saddle as the road 
tme Uno'^printor to le^ bo* Italy wm the gtdd medal in the uceoded and defyii^ the blaz- 


past placed a bouquet there 
Monday minutes brfore Poli 


struggle hy. 

He was haggard then, wear- 
ing a tonnented stare and bla^ 


team rime trial at the 1984 ing son 1^ removing the viscr around his eyes. *‘1 think I lost 5 
Qtynquc m Lps Ange- be wears instead of the usual Idlos on the riimb,” be said lat- 

Ics. cap. er. He was still climbing. 


At the peak, the Italian's lead 
was down to4:31 on his nearest 
pursuer, Pa&taai, and 6:5 over 
the group iwgh>diT>g lnHiirMin 
and Virenque. 

Getting op was the hard part 
for PoU, who stands 6 fe^ 4 
inches ( 1 .93 meters) and weighs 
190 pounds (86 Idlos). Desei^- 
ing was far easier and be main- 
tained most of his lead for the 
final 40 kilometers to the line. 

As be neared it, he drank of- 
ten from his water bottle and 
then squfrted the buk of bis 
neck. before the finish he 
broke into a big snde. waved 
his visor at the fans and some- 
how made a sweeping bow 
while pedafing. 


op^ aoove tne ot tne connected for a 

Indians m^^, hfike Har- Ouee-nm shot mthenretin- 
poi^ wod^ 40 feet (12 in^ oing.it was his 18th homer and 
ten) ihrongh a crawl space and Shd in fonr games. 
drop^miolteun.,te'ra^ Smthhiiatv«.-nmhon»rm 
Belles bat was lakeo and a the thiid and an RBI singleizi 
newa, shiny bat was pm m its the si^ while Jeff Tackett 
place. drove in two runs with a triple 

The uin|Mres weren't fooled, and sio^e. 


and on Sunday they had anoth- 


er bat in their hands, presum- «> **** 
abWBrilc'soriSSLNocme gnm^k/s f^-bafi sacnfii* 
was laq^Iaimag the latest switch. 

ThebarwmbesenttoNew viq^ m Oakland. 


Dodgers Bow to Valenzuela, Now in the Phillies’ Unifonn, 9-7 


iiX Otis ^oa draw a leadoff 
YoA to be X-rayed. walk and stole sroond. then 

Oeveiand's general manager* Mark Acre also walked Tun 
ihn Hart, seemed to have little Nariiring and Jedm Valentin 
>nbt about who was behind saorifind. After an 
- bieak-in. «ulk loaded the bases. Bnm- 

O ansky hot a deq> foul that left 
mm fielder Rickey Henderson 

cai^t, enaUmg Nixon 10 score 


John Hart, seemed to have little 
doubt about who was behind 
the break-in. 


The- AmseUaei Pna. 
Fernando was back in the 


Dodgen on four hits for eight 
mimi 9 LHeliadietaed 21 of 22 


“I guess that ball gwe was 
the reason betnnd haring only 


deficit of 3:39. team for eif 

Most of the overall leadras and fba FI 
were far ahead <rf rite main pack withstood a 


team for eigbt sumigs Sund^. 
and the Philadriphui FluEda 
witotood.aiqnaikaMertflyby 


battels nntil hfitch Wriister 27outrma^tnieof basriMS,” 
brtdteim theshntoutlndwitha said the Huffies’ manager, fim 
leadoffiiranec in the ninth. Fn^psL 

I tri.^ to come in on tiic j im Eisenrekih went 3-for-3 
hands with It, bat It came out with two doabks and Mariano 

Danw and John Kruk ho- 


and Miguri Indnra^ who fin- . the viaitmg Los Angrics Do^ 
isbed ninth, lemained in the os for a 9-7 vioteny. 
yellowjras^by 7;56 overRick^ ValeDaieia, ajpira out of the 
aid Vuenqne, another Fienchr- Merican Leraoe on Jane TA^ 
man with restina, vdio finiriiied pidoedtiplufiistvictoiynithe 
fifth. ihagors since last OcL 1, vriiea 

Of the 189 ridera vAo started bewas ntciting fortheBalti- 
rai July 2, just 135 remain after moreOnoies. 
two more quit and three, in- The left-bander blanked the 


NLBOUNPUP 

over die idate,” Valenznela srad 
of diat patch. 

The homer triggered a seven- 

T TTn fnmtig gff Vat wnwirfa wnH 

three rdieven. Los Angeles had 
two nmners on base vdien Car- 
los Hemandc, who homered 
eacBer in the m*ring , groimded 
out to cod die game. 


mered for Fhiladdpfaia. 

Roddes 10, Carduals 6: Louis rai July 22-25. 1^3. 
Dante Kchette lot agrand slam 

and dixn« hi a dab-record six Reib3,Ciibr2?R^g2eSBod- 
nms to take over the NL RBI era fait a bases-loaded single in 
I fffd with 89 as Colorado ham- the lOtfa as Qncinnati beat ris- 
xnend riatxng St Loins fra the ifing ^cago to in^rove 9-2 in 
fourth straight 9 UDe. extra-iniiixig games this season. 

Marvin Freezsas hdd die Chicago's Kevin Foster 


innin gs as the Rocldcs dosed lo 
within two games of National 
liCagne West Z^rision, leading let him down. nhi second gave Houston 

Los Angeles. ■ In gflfna mportmi in some its victory in Nttsburgh. 

Colorado drew 61,972 to es- Momk^edUions: Braves 2, Maifins 1: Greg 

another majra-leagiie Giants 6^ Eiqios 4: Roedde Maddux woo his 12lb game 
attendance record. T^ four- William Vanljindingham no- with his league-leading seventh 
^me total ctf 259,113 eclipsed Montreal for 7H m- complete game, and rookie Jos6 

US own record for a four-game mugs, and Matt WiSiains hit his ^va drore in two runs for the 
series of 251,521 set apinst St homer as San Prandsco third consecutive game as Ai- 
Loidson July 22-25, 19^. ^ ^ ngbtfa straigbL Van- lanta, {^ying at home, beat 

^ ^ ■ <, j Laodmgham lost his no-hit bid Florida. 

RoB3, Ciite Z?R^g 2 e&od- in the rimih when Lenny Web- Bm Barberie eot three hits 
^ ster doubled with raie out. for Florida. 

^ 1^ as Qn q nn at i bey^ Barry Braids went 3-fop>5 and RAra 10. Mete I: Fd di^ 


5% innings, but the Cubs’ of- Astros9,PiratesO:SteveFiD 
feose struggled and the defense leys hit a grand slam in an eight 


BhieJays3;Raiigrasl: Dave 


Braves 2, Maifins 1: Greg 
Maddux won his 12lb game 
with his league-leading seventh 


Astros 9, Pirates 0: Steve Ffai- Stewart, struggling with a 942 
leys hit a grand slam in an eight- ERA in his prwous three 
run second tto Mve Houston starts, shut down host Texas on 


four hits for seven ini >j^gp 
striking out eigbu while D nmin . 
go Cedeno, Darndl Coles and 
Borders drove in runs for 


extra-inning games this season. 
Chicago's Kevin Foster 


complete game, and rookie Jos6 Toraita 
Oliva drove in two runs for the a Timrrr i- nr^ 

Landiagbam lost his no-hit bid Florida. Sd^DeSt 

in the eighth when Lenny Web- Bret Barberie got three hits 

ster doubled with one out. for Florida. nmc strikeouts, for a^t m- 

Bany Braids weal 3-for-5 and Pate 10 , Mete I: Eddie 
Danyl Strawberry had two hits WiUiaffis hit two heme runs and Aemas 5^ Tams 3; Matt 

and drove in a nm for the Gi- pfaQ Plantier drove in three runs Mieske tut a three-homer in the 
ants, who are 8-0 since Strawber- asSanDi^, with 19 hits, won fit^ as hfihvaokee beat host 
ryjraned tbednbon July7. in New York. Mimiesota. 


Caxdmals to five luts in seven struck out a career-high 10 in ryjraned the dub on Jufy 7. 


DENNIS THE MENACE FEANUtS 


CALVIN AND HOBBES 







































































































KNTERNjmONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, JULY 19, 1994 


Page 17 


WORLD 



arvr? 


6 


It^anOutofGaSfhutCup USA WhsaTriurnphof Spirit and Sport 


/ntontf^ mAf TMme 

T ^,^9®^Tt^*®®®*<^<watofaiigne..The 

^p^os(^iqf asking the best soccv {dayds oin 
earth to ran again and again in ^ imd-day swelter 

^ ^owa 

£L^**88S« television audience ever assdn- 
we^ 2 o^<m people, tuned in to see what all dw 
eupbona had been about. ' 

■ ^ wonder happen to be 

^radmg thi^ fa rai ten ih^ 

tnunton, a display of 
human spirit, a 

shared eapenence of • S?P. JK^* ! 
players and specta* "Ugne* 
torn oomiiig together 

to roU back the years of the qxnt as if dwCTnicaL 
sdf-woun^g ^te of p]aya& and the c^alytic 
violence of fans had never 

It was not a touraameiit hi^ 00 the arts of the 

game. Thai cannot be recaptured in one month after 

so many yearr abuse. But it was a start, a maiathon 

event for the most part played by men who sacri- 
ficed dieir bodies like sddiers in an effort to set the 

thing done lighL 

■ America hosted it, Braal wmi h, and Andris 
Escobar died fcnr it We most Tiejthffr forget his 
jnoider in Medeflto nor conAise it Soccer has bwa 

blamed f<n- much in Europe 1^ vriiat in 

Cokanbia was premeditated murder. It may have 
■had to do with drugs, or whh betd^ or with a 


sod^ that lives daily the edges of dieapoung 
human eadstoice.' 

. But here is the Umted States, soccer infiltrated 
ftf good,' not evQ. It turned around tbds ccwntiy’s 
wew of ^ game at a rime when America’s own 
spoftisg were falOag like dominoes. 

It has probaldy not **colosSee(r* America: Alexi 
Lidas, the red. h^ looked like an advert for 
Kentudiy Fried Onckes in the ceuter of the U.S. 
ddeuse, may have h ri^t \rith his observatioD; ‘The 
' CDCDS comes to town, tfa czicus leaves town." 

Could be. Its im to America, up to Alan Rotben- 
b^'cbainnan of eiveiytUimto (towith soccer, rad 
his pals the sponsois to ju^ how mudt imie and 
money to qirad trying to isqilant a soccer 


Ihe groundswcQ cf Amencan youth plaring the 
gnne is there, 1^ mOlicsi and firing, the new 
awareness diat gm« audienceg can r oT"ft to this 
game and imt on^ behave but party in a way that 
heightens the senses has been eanpharized 3.5 mfl- 
fiOn times over. 

That, is the siajistic that means most: The folks 
who actually to roast in the stadiums wiuZe 52 
matches were odng played. 

A policeman in do^town Pasadena ra Mcmday 
mrairing, the rnmnira after 15,000 BmriiianiB had 
broogbt canaval to ColoEado Bontorard all ni^t, 
aignra^prorided the sound bite of the toiunamrat: 
?lt was alot more fun than a lot trouble." 



There had been 60 arrests for druakeoness. No 
violence, no threat to life or limb, no menuon of the 
European wmd boidigamsm. That, in itself, was a 
triunqih. So was the zesponse of players to run, 
almost tmqaesdaiingl]^, tnroi^ too many matches 
played in too short a (izne. What FIFA rave to the 
tournament in terms of a new code <» conducL 
almost a tsoo tolerance of old foul habits, it took 
away by time taUe. 

HFA’s explanation, that the Worid Cup is a 
^eviskn event and shcmld be played while the 
nugori^ of folk are awake in other parts of the 
wc^ Is aocqitable up to a pdnu Sunday pushed 
the point over the 

Iwy had come to^^y, or rather to deny play, in 
the "wmier the U.S. team and Sweden’s had de- 
ployed against BrazS. That is, to repress the g^e, to 
uy to negate superior tedinique with tactics de- 
signed, in this case, to take the game to penalties. 

Italy su cceeded partly because Braril. even Brazil, 
had ran into the ground tiyisg to compete in 
the mid-d^ madness. Also be<»use Brazil's new, 
now victorious method is to 'pack the midtirid with 
nunc pragmatism flair. & when Joiginho, that 
magnificent, galvanic i^t back, twe^eS a muscle 
earfy in the final, who was there to create the 
openings for Romfirio and Bebeio to score? 

Coara Carios Alberto Parr qr a became a hero 
where Tele SanUma, at the World of 1982 and 

1986, returned home to almost to have his will 


broken. Yet Santana anempted whaz in zhezr beans 
Brazilians truly want: victor with samba in the feet 
of (he players. ! firmly beSeve that Parreira — a 
good, earnest and decent man — tq^ied the balance 
too far. That he bad at his disposal players of 
sztfificient tediniqoe, more than raougb European 
eqMrienoe, to won with that added riemeni of 
st^e. He rechewed it 

Ultimately the final was coached by two meu who 
bad never play^ the game at lev^ Neither, 
therefore could liberate great talents. Thus it came 


■Rigs# 




nunbleness in getting rid of lousy rules has to start 
with this one, with removing ibe enqin^ that feD on 
Franco Barest and Roberto Baerio m the Rose 
Bowl. 

Neither would have played the game had it been 
anything other than the World Cup final Bareri had 
had suigeiy on danMged ri^t knee ligaments three 
weeks earlier, Baggio was gh«D a zziMfca] dressing 
whh oinunent said to heat the hamstring be dam- 
aged four days earlier. 

It was wicked. Half-fit athletes pushed thrm^ 
120 minutes* of **play" in tenqieratures approadiing 
that figure. Wretchedly worn, potential^ banned 
pomanoitly, players were pres^ into the cause for 
their countries. 

Anyway, come the futility' of the scoreless match. 
Baresi had to scrape himself off the ground where 







he had been laid khv with severe cramps, to attenwt 
the first, captain’s. penalty. He kicked the b^rar 
over the bar. 

The sequence went on. Nobody else micwi the 
target, though each goalkeeper made one co r r eel 
guess and saved shots. Then came Bag^o. 

Even his braided pony tail looked tired as he 
walked up with the score 3-2 against him. A miss, 
and the talisman of Italy, the satiour in matches 
where Nigeria and Spain should have eUminaUMi 
Italy, woiud fail his nation. 

He failed. Another shot bound for the moon, 
where America had first put a man 25 years ago But 
here on earth, in a sport we have played 100 years 
but now could not decide any mler thaw t)>;; 
Roberto Bag^o missed the kick that doomed Italy 
to defeat 

World Cup USA had turned full circle. What 
began 52 games ago with Diana Ross misring the 
gori from the penalty spot ended in Pasadena with 
Baggio doing tiie same. 

But against his dgection, we h;iH in the Rose Bowl 
the joy of Romdrio. This little Brazilian, udiose spirit 
bad carried his team, was last off the pitch. He 
cradled the World Ci^, wouldn’t let it ga And as 
the tears of relief dropped from Rombio onto his 
prize, the thought occurred that the gold rad green 
of the tre^by are the gold and green of Brazil 

ite 6 /ft^a If on ar ^ TSr Taw , 












f an. Vk > Oomid Bo^Aieaec FmiasPiiwe 

yttcpl^itos.AlbatoPaiicira was flipgraafcrft by hb players, wItodkriBfated their 

nmeQmd Pris driving duuniiioii from Brazil vriio died after a ciarii 1. gave so mtu-h ha MihiP^ to Die 
Brazilian people, and rids was our only dhance to repay some of rimt hiqipin^’* said goalkeqier daiHfio TaffareL 

Eomaiio Easily Wins Golden BaU as Top Player of ’94 


‘OgautKiade/DteAMmiUedeiat 


The Ajtodaied rrea 

PASADENA, CaKfonua — BiaziTs 
Rrandrio won the Golden Ball as the 
tournament’s top player. 


Romdrio and ids Goldm BaU got a ling from Donga. 


The striker: 


the Worid Cup and was an easy winner 
of th e vote by 1,000 me^ members and 
FIFA officials. 

Romdrio got 2,400 points in the vot- 


with five goals in, iog. Italy’s Roberto Bag^o. the Silver 


Ball winner, was next at 1,^, followed 
by Bulgaria’s Hristo Stoitc^ov, the 
Bronze Ball winner, ai 450. 

Th^ wO] receive thdr trophies in Jan- 
uary in Lisbon. 



Franco Baresi got some considatkHi ftom Robrato Baggio. 


CUP: As the Fmcd Act of’94^ It Had Bathos^ Pathos and Courage — but No Goals 


OiwftiiMrifamPqy 1 

vdio loved Pd6 fdt that Paneira was oor- 
lotfing memmies of thdr 1970 title 
*<wiiich was the last- and very best on^ 
before this cme, of- course) — widi an 
expert defense that- resulted in oob 20 
saves m seven games for goaOKMapm Chm- 
dto Taffazel And imly 1 1 goals for Brazil 
as wen. They felt Pe n eir a wanted it both 
ways, and of course he did. And he got 
too, even if booing enQited after 90 aiul 
120 mmutes at the raecter of a final going 
. to pgnaitjes fbr the mat time. 


the national press catauzed me, bitt 1 feet 

gocri about what haroeDed. 1 don’t h^ a 

grudge. I’m like Frank Snatra: 1 did it my 
way. I did it my way." 

The Brazilia&s settled to have the Und 
of team which ocmld have beaten Italy, 4-1, 

just as Fdi^s had m the 1970 final 

Tb^ played to that rhythm until the final 
. mfflpant in total oonfiaence. The g wTKn e 
'was a barrier and the Brarihan ^ was 
'rarely stnmg^ ^ ^ 

sive oppoottls. “Every team changed Att 

E on against ns, Ital^ was the proof <x 
t," said Bebeto afterward!, but in itseilf 
fs no ago of grea t n ess . 

By playing op to Brazil It^ proved it 
'could survive the worst co n ditions. As for 
•the (hat round c£ 'the competir 

tton w^aMy said rnore about the beiz^ al 

iof the than it did about the wmnets 

■and the losers — thoo^ i^s for the losers, 
;if that’s v*at they were, to live with at 


The Itafiaus had seen evexythmg. 

•were ttying to beaoame tiie fifa diragnon 
siDce Afgorima in 1978 to overcome a 
firrt-TOund defeat Ih^d lost that first 
Bune to Ireirad and, in the second game, 
uay lost tiieir'goaZkeeper, Cianluca Pag^ 
Ihi^ who wram ahnost bring them a 
cfaanmioDriiip on Sondey — th^ would 
lose hhn for two. matdies to a rra card, 
and, to compound thmgs, Bag^ was 
pnlM om of that game. They won it at the 
eaepense of Bi^as ^irit, which Baggio 
recovered on.^ verge of Italy’s elimmfr- 
tionmOmsecoiid round. Soddttly, he iras 
soamg five goals in a ^>an <rf fewer than 
2M hours oTpisy tlnroi^ tiie seriiffroal, 
and he inigiht have been d»le to blot out an 
the otiier Italian miseries if not for the 
'hamatrmg str ain that left hopping, 
stni^tiegged, vriien he should have Wn 
bnrsbngmou^ 

cannot answer that question," his 


^ h^ ^yed 120 Trnnnteg Sunday. The 
questioD was whether he would have used 
Bragjo. if he had it to do an over again. 

j^doubt the ItaBanswereiecalhng that 
their awnttmai had ongmally been sched- 
uled for last Ihesday, allowiim them an 
. extra day to travri New Yodt to Los 

Angdes — an^ it would have tamed out, 
' anextta day for Bagno to heal The semifi- 
nal was- resriieduled f<v Wednesday be- 
canse American tdeviaoei was busy with 
file basriian AB-Sfa game cm Tuesday: 
As a result, Taffard was forced to xnake 
just one fine save ovef the two hours, after 
Franco Bates had threaded Danide Mas- 


saro tinou^ the defense witii a loog. love- 
ly baU in the 18th mhnrte. Bag^ had a 
mot in the 114th on a waU pare 

firom Masmro; Chasing it to his ri^t, it 
was tiutfnng up like two goals he had 
scored in eanier rounds. Tins time he swiv^ 
t^ ban weakly into the covered nud- 
dle (rf the goalmovtii, landed oa his bum 
and gr^bed his right toe to stretch the 
hiwngtTing back mtO dUIpC. His IflTnmeas 
was the worst-timed event cd the touma- 
Boent, and the cause d the finaTs destxuo- 
tion. 

So the pressure £b0 1900 the msgiifi- 
cent Barest, vriio had ^ven aw^ the goal 
to lidand rad then mpne^ a knee a few 
days later. Two years ago, it is pertinent to 
reran, Ito had annocnced his mtemational 
retirement Wore being recaBed by Saochl 
Now Baresi was 34 years old, dower than 
ever, with two of his nnmal linemates — 
Manro ThsWti and Aless an dro Costa- 
curta — siddined!9SospeQsitt.Ifis phys- 
ical Uttoeftain^ alone^ just 22 da>u after 
the suraery, diWd have done him in. But 
he realy was nu^ificent. 

Over and over he wonld steal the baU 
ftom srane of the spotfs wittiest masters; 
or be vroold intercqit those diagrmd 
passes vdiicb have made fods of everyone 
dse and then ran the ban upG^ himsdf , 
to make snie it crossed the street safdy. He 
was very caDsdeations. In dmt time the 
otiiexs rallied around him — and not Bag- 
gio — thoi^ Brazil stin fmmd naites in 
against Pai^ca: 

A header by Roniido; two ficee Iddcs 
from Branco; a diot by Ronririo out of 


nowhere, forcu^ a dive; a header from 
Bdxto; a shot 1^ Rom&rio picked oat of 
the penalty-box garbage, Branco’s corner 
header over the W — and then this scare: 
a booming, slicing, but caichable shot 
from Mazinho that qmn out of Paghura’s 
hands and off of the right post in the 76th 
minate. It might have bounced in just as 
rasSy as it rebounded back to Pr^uca, 
and what land of an ending would that 
have been for thU Worid Ctq>? 

Better than the penalties? 

Certainly not any worse. 

Braz3 tifal tozDOveintoahighergearin 
the final minutes oi overtime because the 
better team always wants to avoid penal- 
ties. Then tiie time arrived and everybody 
e:q>ected the woisL 1716 two goalkeepers 
w^ed down to the area, H^uca's arm 
aiDo^ Taffard’s riioulW, with each 
warning ^ other that it wWd aU come 
down to destiny and that the unluciQ' one 
dionldn’t blame hinisdf. You know it’s a 
ridiculons system to dedde a worid cham- 
{uonship when opponents are trying to 
take piWure dS of eadi other. 

The first to go was Bareri, and he lofted 
his shot into the 27th row. 

Near the end of extra time, he had been 
lifted onto a stretder with leg cramps so 
bad that he screamed bis way throu^ 
them to return to the fidd. He was the 
most ooura^ous man in uniform and now 
he was cnnnbling to his knees, mying in 
fun view d 2 bfilion people until Iraarcl 
vriiD used to play for Panna in Italy, came 
over to pat his back. “I know how moch 
Igere u re there is on the locker in these 


sihiatk^" Taffard said "I wanted to leU 
Bareri just how great a player he was." 

’’Penalty kicks are a little bit like playmg 
the lottery,” said Baresi the only ltdian 
player to consent to an official interview 
after the match. “You have to give your 
best but you don’t know vdiat might lum- 
pen. We gave everything we could ^ve aw 
our consdence is very dean at this time.” 

Decided the Brazilian defender Aldair: 
“Bareri was not really a penalty-taker, and 
Baggio just made a misface.” 

Pagliuca consded his teammate by 
□unking away a middUng attempt hy 
Mdrdo Santos. Demetrio Albertini b^an 
the second round by converting for ltdy. 
and then Rom&rio — skipping, stopping, 
starting on his way in — responded by 
outsmarting ^^uca. Alberigo Evani and 
Branco ead converted and they were 
equal at 2-2 as Danide Massaro, the AC 
Milan striker, was placing the ball on the 
penalty marie to b^n the fourth round. 

He spent so Jong placing it that it might 
have b^ a golf ball Then he missed the 
putt — or rather, Taffarel dived right to 
smother it Tlien Dunga converted for Bra- 
zil and now it was up to Baggio to keep 
Italy alive. 

A lot of great scorers have missed penal- 
ties over the years. Mkhd Platini and Zico 
each m&sed v4wn France brat Brazil in the 
1986 quarterfinal and Marco Van Basten 
misfired against eventual European cham- 
pion Demnarit two years ago. Nonetheless, 
a 31-bandicrap^ over the bar was the 

last tfaig anyone expected from Baggio, 


the star of the tournament — anyone, 
perb^is, except Baggio himself. 

“Nonnally, 1 ride-foot them, but 1 had 
so little enei^ left that 1 just tried to blast 
it” he would^y much later. 

He puUed the elastic off of his sore thigh 
and stumbled toward the midfield drde, 
where Bareri sat bawling. Ferh^ it had 
bett the sight of his captain faiUng so 
awfully; maybe just his thigh was to blrae. 
Id any case it wasn’t meant to come down 
10 this for Baggio, not after he had failed so 
l^y at the beriming d the tournainent 
and then worked his way bad: up — cmly 
to be struck down again by tins one ab- 
stract and artifidal test 

‘Tt was an experience for us. and if you 
told me today that I could rraeat the 
expttence, I would be more than happy to 
do it,” said Sacchi, who after aU of the 
su^s and starts had draie Ita^ proud. “We 
^uld not be looking for ahbis. We have 
to ac^t our position with a vjsry dear 
consdence and know that we did all we 
could,” 

He was absduiely righL and that is why 
you could not take your eyes off of B^gio. 
He roamed the field as if making a sort of 
unoonsdous statement; he stopped and 
thought and walked some more. As he was 
walk^ off of the fidd he had to one 
last time. The Brazilians were passing in a 
herd before him, the trophy hdd out be- 
fore them like a hood oroamenL He waited 
until they passed and his escort felt the 
need to put an arm around Roberto Baggio 
as be left the stadium. 


MATCH RESULTS, SCORERS AND OTHER STATISTICS FROM THE PRESENT AND PAST WORLD CUP FINALS 


MmAUbmiIib 


BRAZII. % ITALY S 

*(M MWMCSl aOMV ••• M MU UIHIbMj 
* RvlarM: Sondor Puhl (iwiiswy) 

' Ytll0WCB*tli: BratR-MMbilio MlUfCofv 
VfTtW; ItafV'LtfMAiieUoiMMMLDanicIrle 

lAn^nl (ML ^ 

PfItST ROUND 
OROUP A 

w L r OP 04 w 

‘»RBmenla 4 i o 5 S * 
A-a ma rtoJ tit 5 4 a 

x-UMMdsiam 7 i i i f j 

rwiju TlMg 1 2 0 4 S 3 

MtMneod lo second iwn^ 

SotuRtoy, June is 
AI Pontiac, MhA 
SwHzertand I. UnIM SIWes 1. tie 
At Po endofM. ColIL 
Romaido & CNemWa 7 _ 

yMMSloy, Jww B 
At Pont ta e MldL 
SiMiarifind 4 Rumania 

AI Poeodm cow. 

Unllod States & GoleinMo 1 

Suoday. June V 
AI PCd u dena, OoWt 
Rvnonta 1. iMttod Slol^ 

AI StanloiU OaW. 
^CotomWaaSwibwtandll 

B.. 

w L T OP 04 Pto 
o-BfoeU SOI « ] I 

»Mui 10 2 4 A S 

RuMta 1 a 0 2 * a 

oSSoon 0 2 1 ^ " 

e-odwBneod » second roH^ 

juKtery. June W 
AI PBEOdontb CflUL 

C ei weroon L S«#dM I » 
iinmtlnr Juno 3D 

At SleMrfard. QdH. 

Brwii X RussM 0 

pridDY, June 2* 

AI SMntara CoUL 
BfvzH a Comeruoa 0 


AI Ponitaa MHOL 
g— dw a TWeata 1 

ToMdov, Jam ta 
Ai.Stanfent CWK. 
iteHta 4. Cmonen 1 

At PenNne, Mldt 

Brozil 1, Sweden fit • 

ONOUP C 

W L T • OP SA Pfl 
jownnw 2 D 1 . 5 .3 7 

10 2 S 4 S 
SOHlIi Itorau e 1 2 4 5 3 

Bdivta 0 2 1 1 4 1 

MilMncod ta second reomt 
Mdoy.Jintn 
AlCMeoua 
eenmmr 7, Bolivia • 

' At Dona 

SoolnaSDViiiKweaaMt 
Tuiidoy. June 21 
■ At CUeene 
Sera n v 1, SuNn 1, lie 

Thundavr June S. 

AI FoedDon Moaa. 

SeaK) ROTH a neiMa a flu 
Monday, June 37 
. AI Cl U ce u n 
spMn a aolivte i 

‘AtMloi ‘ 

Cennanv a Soulli Koraul 

WUNIP o 

w L T 6F CA Pis 
»Nl0«1O 2 11 S 3 0 

n-Botaarlu 2 10 4 3 * 

KArswIlno 2 1 0 . s 3 6 

Greea B a ft on a 

jf^voneed teeccend iwnd 
Tuoidov. JuneJl • 

AS Foxoeiw esoea. 

AraeiiNnu a Onece 0 

Aioouae 

Ntoerta a Buloorta 0 

Solurdah June 2S 
' At Paicbww Mena 
Arnentlno a Ntaeriu 1 

Sunday, Jenaai 
AI CMcugo 


Buioarki a Greece ft 

nmrsdiiy, June 3D 
At r ae d wra, Moe& 
Ntaerto a Greter t 

AIDUBus 
Betaoria a Aruentina e 


eaoupe 

W L T <»P M pis 

x-taexlce '111 3 a 4 

e^tmond 111 a a 4 

111 2 a 4 

Noreoy ill i i 4 

SHdunneed Id second nneta. 

S o ta rday.Jieiew . 

AI-EUSI Rullwrinrd, NJ. 

Iidnrf L italv D 

Sundny, Jim ID 
• AlVta el dnohn 
Normy 1. Mwdqo 0 

‘ ‘nwaday. June 33 
AI SON RvHwrlaiU MJ. 

UeAv L Nonnv D 

Pridw, JimX 
M OrkeidSb Pta. 

Moxleu a irelwd I 

Tu M doy, June 31 
At EoN RuHneferd, NJ. 

Inland a ItovtaV a Ue 

. AlWiahlnghu 
ItalyLMedco I.lle , 

CROUP P 

W L T CP OA PIS 
n m i h ertai sb Z 1 B' 4 3 i 

jK l o u dlAnMe 3 10 A 9 * 

wDeleliMti 2 1 D 2 1 i 

Moraeee 0 3 ft 2 S 9 

»4KM»ced to second reundl 
Sunday. June ID 
AtOrtwde.Pto. 

Betokun 1, mweeco D 

Mendey.JimaD 

AiWoeMnsion 

NettiertanM a Saudi AroBta l 
Soluniar, Jwo 2S 
AI Qrtendfc no. 

Butowm I, NeHHrtaadB D 

At emS RutherferdL NJ. 


SttlN AlDtaa a Mereecu 1 

Wecitidgy. Jwe g 
AI Ortande. no. 
NeOKrionds a Maraeoo i 
AlWboMiwlni 
SoDdl AreMa l, BWuhiin 0 
SECOND ROUND 
Saturday. July 3 

aicmcdm 

Cerrnanv X Bdghini 2 

AI w uw i l i w en 
Sooln X Swilaerlwd 0 

Sunday, July S 
AlOoltai 
Sweden a Saudi AruMu 1 

At Poeodentb ColK. 
Romania X Areenlino 2 

Monday, July 4 
AI Ortandb FkL 
NffliNlendi a intand ft 

AI SMfltana ca»L 
Brazil L Unllod Stotas D 

Tmedov, July 5 
At FoKbonb MasA 
Italy X Ntaerto X OT 

At Ecai Rultwriord, NJ. 
Butoorta L Menlee 1 . Butawta WD 
MoaflyldEto 

DUARTBRPINAtS 
Saturday, July D 
AI Foxbera MOSS, 
ttoivxsnilnl 

AI Dallas 

BfBeH X NedioftondS 3 

Sunday. July U 
At EaM RuMitfferd NJ. 
Butaurta a Qti Biaiy l 

AI StaiM, Com. 
S w sdsn X ftenoita a S wed en wa 
peiudty UdB 

SEMIPIHAU 
Btodnesdov, July 13 
AlBoW Rirtinnard, NJ. 
Italy a BuMorta I 

Ai penodenn. ColIL 
BtttH X Sw eden 0 


THIRD PLACE 
Staurdov. July M 
AI PBodenaCMK. 
iVwdtn A Butoorto 0 

CHAMPIONSHIP 
Stndov, JWv 17 
AI PWBdena, CWH. 

Braui a Italy a Brazil won X 2 on penally 
Mcks 

1994 Wbrid Ci^ Statistics 

Seals: m iwia n leempored lo sz hi 
HID); eerand ra«id.SS (Win mil) : quarterfi- 
nals, 15 (7 In 1 DN); swnHhwIS! 4 (4 hi WM): 
IMniPlaeimatdi: 4 ( 3 ln 1 «W|;flitol:D (1 In 
mta. TiaM T 4 T (o«eram S 7 I), uu np em d la 
115 to mo (owrene 2311 . 

BeN Mtodi: Sweden 05 ooaHI 
midelWHi Breali |3 pools to 7 matdies. 
Iheonlv yo e W eat e d teom) 

Oeiv Mtoo wBtaeuI a pool: Gmaee 
Boehtope; 227 ( 1 M In 1 DW) 
sendtopppir: 15 rt« fti idddi 
A ttestfmea: flm round (oHerw matdies), 
iXton SjaaODI (average arms): sceond round (Of- 
tw -44 n»tdia}, 25 ISX 10 S tOUaj; ouerferfl- 
nnlB (ofltr 48 motefa^. 32 ! 83 D 4 10 , 371 ): 
s wW fl ii u t s (oner 50 matdins), 139 Dli 6 S 7 
( 0413 ); Mrd Place metdi (alter 51 notdi- 

es), a 474 j 73 (eaiss). 

Tnliilntliiulinirr 340 JW (saA 04 ).o WarU 
Cup recura P r s vluus MuheW toiaL 2Srtao 
(overBpe 484171 hi IMr ma 
Hinbm oiiHidnce: N. 1 H Brsli vs. ituiv 
In the finol 01 toe Rees Bowl in Pasadena 
t nwin nfleniiiiiirf IITlT fliilinrliT - *•* 
perte In ttw nrat round at the Csiton Buwi In 
iS 4 eo Donas. 

GoalSotmn 

ShtfoMs: 

Oira SdlMltb Ruesla 
Hriito SfeO^tM. Butoorio 

Rvp pOdto! 

Kcnnol ArtOenseih Sweden 


Reberto Boppki, itohr 
juraon Kltasmenn, Gormony 
RuMibrla BmD 
nur peels: 

Geftrtol Bellsluia AiBonHiM 
Martin DiMto. Sweden 
Florin ftoduclclu. Remnio 

Three phois; 

Deaeta. Bmll 

Deads Bentanp, NeWiertan ds 
Tecnos Broun, Smden 
Comlnera Spain 
Jen Andorri (toHcaelxoa Seobi 
C 0 SflMn» HnpX RewKtoltt 
TWe pools: 

Piunupe Atoert. Beipiuni 
Feed Amht Sawn Arabia 
Daniel AnwhadiX NIparla 
Emmanuel Amunika Niewlo 
Dtao Bnwta, Italy 
Gooroos Brepy, S wi to rtai el 
Ctoudin CoMopta. Araetdlni 
IHe Dumiirasoi, Romonta 
Uito Corda Mexico 
Henp Mvung Baseuin Korea 
tonlen Leldikea Butaarla 
AdoHo valenda CelomUa 
Rudi VMter. Germany 
wim Janh. HetaerlaidL 
One pool; 

John Aldrhtaa (rekna 
Abel Botaa Araendno 
Altar Bepiridida spMn 
Mnrci l iwo BonwL Mexico 
PrancolM Oniom BMek. conwroM 
DenW Bortoiirow^ P uloai l a 
Brwwa BrvH 

S IBPhene Oo pu I s oI , Switertand 
Atoncmiiwd OnoudL Moraon 
More Deenrsa Botahim 
DavM Bmbe, Comenxn 
AOieriD Oorda Mexico 
Herman Dovlrla. CoMmMa 
FbiM Georaa Niperta 
Petnd Cnesneyan, Sdudi AraMo 
Coarpes Gewb Bdplum 
Jpiep CuvdkM. SMirt 


Fernonda Hlerra, spein 

I 9 e 3 cnile 

33 09 

2 JS 

Rov Houphtan. Ireland 

1965 Enplbfid 

33 89 

3 J 8 

Hwanp Sun Nanm South Korea 

ID 7 D Mexico 

32 fS 

196 

Soml Jeter. Saudi Anoua 

1974 Wea Germany 

39 97 

255 

Adrton KixiPk Swnasniiinj 

1978 ArpenNna 

38 103 

268 

Hwirik Lemon Swetfgn 

ns 2 Seem 

S 3 146 

2 JD 

Roeer LIune. Siadtn 

I 9 B 6 Mexico 

S 3 IS 

153 

John HoroM Lozona. catomoto 

ID 9 D (MIy 

S 3 115 

221 

Dtapo MBiuiena Aroenilm 

19 N Uniled Stoles 

sa 10 

273 

Lids Enrique Moriinez, SacUn 

Totals 

suisn 

3 J 6 

Danleta Moism, miy 




Lotltar Multlmuh Germany 

YEARLY SCORING LEADERS 


Hokon MIkX Sweden 

Vaer Ftoyer, Cauatry 


G 

Roger Miller, Comenion 

1930 (Sulilanne Stabile. Argcnllna 

1 

HBssuii Wader. Aloracpt 

m< AnpMa SdUova, JJaly 


4 


Snead Oeolnm, Saudi Arabia 
DonW vodle Petresca Romonki 
Dmitri Rodeheniia Russia 
RaL Brasil 

Klefll Rehdel, Norwoy 
Korhwlnz Riedle. Germsiv 
Snw Roy. Wediertonds 
June SolinoA SMin 
BrwlA SUndiec. Beilvio 
Mdrato Santas. Brazil 
Seo June Woa South Koran 
Samson Skata, Nigeria 
Nosko Strahov. Butporta 
Ernie Stawnrt, Unfled redes 
Aiota Sutter. Swllzerland 
Gosten Townent NeKwrlends 
Aran Wilder. Nattarlonda 
Eric WynoUa United Stain 
nnhoed veunx Nlnerto 
Owe Gael: 


Andrto Escobar. 
Stotae). 

Celembla (vs. 

UniMd 

YEARLY GOAL TOTALS 


Goal totaE tor ofl World Cep Hnol tonn» 
MtWx wWi somee Pleyca peois oed aver- 

uge; 

YM-SIta 

GP G 

AVP. 

1930 UGiOiidv 

10 70 

338 

1934 Italv 

17 70 

All 

1938 Prana 

10 04 

AM 

1950 BmH 

22 SI 

<90 

1954 Swltzeriond 

36 14 ft 

5 J 0 

19 M Sweden 

35 1 U 

340 


Otartah Nel BM y, tedwshiwafcio 
Edmund Cenen. Germnv 
)D 3 B Leonidas. BtobIi 
WH Ademir, Brazil 

1754 Sondar Kocsto, Hungary I 

I 9 SB Just Fontaine, Prance l 

IM? Dram JsrJuwlc yupnstovlo 
I 9 U Eusebta. Ponuoal 
1 D 7 D Gerp Muller. WM Germany 1 

1974 ORapOR Lota, PoMd 
IDlS Mala Kempes. Arpenttoa 
less Pnoto Rossi. Ilolv 
I 9 U Gary Lineker. England 
ms Salvatore SailHocl. liely 
1974 Otag Solcnka Runta 
HrMe SWIdikov. Bulporta 
PINAL SCORES 
ID 3 D— Uruguay A Araanflm 3 
ie 34 -ltalv a Cudwstovokta X OT 
lin Italv a Hunsorv 3 
lese— Urvpuov X Brazil I 
1954 weal Gonnenv X Hunuorv 3 
I 93 S— Brazil & Sweaen 2 
mT-SrezH X Cacneslavaerto i 
IDM-Enclond A west Genwoiv 1 OT 
taTB-Bmlt 4 . iteiv 1 
1974 — Weal G ermany X MglhHtondS 1 
1778 Aiuenllna X Nemerionds X OT 
HI 3 — Itolv X Wcel 09 iiine»r i 
I 9 D 6 -Argentlna X WM Germany 2 
1990 — West Germany X Arpenihio 9 
1994 — Brozu a Italy 0 : Brazil mm. XX oo pen, 
any kidLS. 





ART BUCHWALD 


Everybody's Prince 

^SHINGTON — When ' ’*'ays thinking of his mother. 




W ASHINGTON ^ When 
the news came throng 
that Prince Charles had admit* 
ted rammitdiiE adulteiy, I im- 
mediately caOed London to 
speak to Oiauncy Featherboi- 
tom, a friend of mine who lives 
only 20 blodts from Bucking- 
ham PaJaoe. 

terribly sonyr I said. 
**What bloody business 
is it of 
yours?” he said 
in a huff. 

“Every 
American is 
terribly con- 
cerned. He is 
our prince as 
well as yours.” 

“How can 
you say that?" 

“What hap- 
pens in the BuenwaW 

royaJ family affects the Ameri- 
can doDar much more than the 
British pound. We have a tre- 
mendous interest in knowing if 
Charles played around or not 
Don’t forget he will carry the 
scepter for all of us one day." 

I bad never known Chaui^ 
to sound so agitated. He sai^ 
**Dammil, the British are stay- 
ing away from the O. J. Simp- 
son case, why can’t you stay 
away from our royal family?" 

**Look, ChauDCT, we’re not 
jud^^ Prince Charles, but 
AniericaDS need to know all the 
details if they are going to con- 
tinue to b^ cashmere sweaters 
from you. Our information is 
that nince Cbaries went on the 
telly and told ids subjects that 
he and a married woman had a 
tSte-it-t£te when his mania^ 
was faSing apart We accept Us 
word for it We do. however, 
question his judgment in an- 
nouncing it to the whole 
worid” 

Chauncy became defensive. 
’^Whatever he did he was al- 


'^bodsiock Adds A Day 

NEW YORK — The 25th 
anniversary Woodstock concert 
in Saugerties. New York, has 
added a third day. and will now 
be held Aug. 12, 13 and 14. 


Curope 


CetfaMSc# 

Ditfn 


srabeug 

T*<a 


Tedw 

High tMi ' 
OF ae 
9iim 2 ino i 

SV73 «M1 I 
JOW 14«7 I 
33/81 93/73 I 

am nm i 

31/88 1M1 I 
28/78 KVSO I 
25/T7 1S/S9 : 
31 /M 1MH 
24/78 lim I 
33/m 3am 
3Pm 14/87 
19/88 I3n» 
S«t 31/3D I 
a«/75 lO/GO ; 
24/75 17M2 
19/BB i«m 
31/88 19/88 
S/79 21/7Q 
am 19/88 
23/73 I4«r 
38/88 17i«e 
am iif/Q 
29/77 18/81 
34/79 14/S7 
27/80 19«8 
28/78 18/81 
27/80 22/71 
24/75 16/81 
25/77 11/52 
14187 11/52 
3443 lt«8 
I am 15/89 
22/71 13/68 
M/78 16/81 
20M 17/82 

amt am 

27/80 1S/59 
24/79 1040 
24/78 1841 


wt^s tninicing oi ma xnouwr. 

1 asked. “Do you think that 
this is good or bad for the 
Church of England?” 

“It’s not the best thing Uiat 
couid have happened, but the 
established church has lived 
with a lot worse — don’t forget 
Henry VIII." 

“Where does the sympathy 
lie in London at the moment?" 

“It seems to be with Princess 
Diana.” 

“Because of what Charles ad- 
mitted to?” 

“No, because she looks so 
smashing in her clothes.” 

□ 

Uten he said, “I stilJ don]t 
undmtand why Chailes's dalli- 
ances hold any interest for the 
LTnited States." 

“You’re the only royal fanuly 
we’ve got,” I told him. “What- 
ever the Windsors do affects 
our lives. When the Prince of 
Wales, Britain's great^i role 
m^el, admits to straying from 
his at Kensington Palace, 
our male citizens start thinking 
that they can do likemse. If a 
member of the royal family mis- 
behaves, the U. S. can no longer 
have any respect for Canada." 

Chauncy was beginning to 
sound desperate. “Just becauM 
he said on television that he did 
it doesn't mean that he actually 
(Ud. He might have made the 
revelation to get sympathy from 
people who are constantly 
watdiing him fall off his polo 
pony.” 

“There could be something to 
that." I admitted. 

“Also, eveiyone in the U. S. 
saw him blow a tire on an air- 
plane.” 

O 

“What do you intend to do 
about it?" 1 asked. 

“There is nothing to be done 
except to relax and think of 


“Which brings me to the last 
question, Chauncy. After 
Charles’s admission, do you 
thmlf there will always be 
an FJi gland ?" 

“There will be as soon as we 
can raise a defense fund for 
him ” 







INTERNATIONAL TrRHAT.D TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, JULY 19, 1994 


Prado’s 


By Alan Riding 

ftef ycrlt Tima 5cnicr 

M adrid — as diainnan of the 
Prado’s board, Jos6 Antonio 
Fem&ndez Orddnez should be cheer- 
fully preparing to celebrate the muse- 
nm *5 i7Sth anniveisaiy this fall. In- 
stead, be ^pears to be almost in 
mourning, rq>eatuig like a mantra 
that the Prado’s state of health is “la- 
mentable.” 

His gloom is understandable. The 
museum has had four directors in just 
over three years; its budget has been 
frozen since 1986; it despmtely nee^ 
extra space for its coflecdon, and it is 
short of quahfied staff. Even its roof 

I fjiVs 

“It’S a lamentable tale," Fernandez 
OrdOfiez said. “It's good enough for a 
novel." 

So how did the fl^sbip of Spanish 
culture fall into sudi a state of no> 
gle^? How could a museum that com- 
pares itself to Louvre in Paris and 
the Metropolitan Museum of An in 



Spain’s Prado Museum desperately space, money and more staff. 


quez's priedess “Las Meaiinas”? How 
could a museum with almost 20,000 
art objects have only three permanent 
curatofs? 

A favorite target for blame is the 
Socu^ government, whidi has been 
in office rince 1982, because each cul- 
ture minister has the last word on how 
the Prado is managed. 

“It would be far better if the Prado 
were abow poliU^” said Nuria de 
Miguel, the executive director of the 
Friends of the Prado Foundation 
“Unfortunately, political meddling is 
a problem.” 

But politics may also be the salva- 
tion of the Prada The ouster in May 
of the museum’s last director, Frands- 
00 Calvo SerraRer, supposedly for al- 
lowing a to pfaotognq>h de- 

signer diairs mside the Prado, sd off a 
furious dd)axe about the museum's 
future. The conservative opposition 
party rushed to its defense. And now, 
an embarrassed government is prom- 
isng action. 

Last month, the museum spelled 
out its needs, which range from new 
ban^g space and temporary extubi- 
tion bans to a parking lot, a restaurant 
and a cloakroom. A cloakroom? At 
present, space is so tight that a guard 
is as^gDM to watch over bags and 
knapsacks left in a pile by me en- 
trance. No price tag was mentioned. 


but it win be up to the govenuneai to 
ffnd the iDonc/. 

“We began debating modenuzatioo 
(tf the Prado 20 years ago, at the same 
time as other great museums,” said 
Jos6 Maria Luzon Nogue, the muse- 
um's new director. Louvre, the 
National Gallery in London, the 
Smilhsoman in Washingtmi all ex- 
panded, but we were posq>ooed. Now 
there is a cultural and political con- 
sensus in sode^ that we have to act” 

It will not be easy. “The Prado 
ne^ more money, more space, more 
curators; it needs its roex fixed; it 
ne^ more of everything," said Fer- 
aiadez Orddfiez, took over as 
bead of ^ museum’s board last No- 
vembCT. “But what it perhaps most 
needs is not to bepoUUcized. It should ' 
have greater autonomy to run its own 
affairs." 

Certainly p<^tics was behind the 
museum’s greatest disappointments of 
late. It was promised ae nearby Pal- 
ace of Vniahermosa for its expansion, 
but in!rt<»ad the buUding beoune the - 
new Thyssen-Bomemisza Museum. 
Then, d^ite protest, it lost Picasso’s ’ 
mastequece “Guernica" to the Rdna 
Sofia Art Center, the conntcy's new 
modem art museum. And as a result, 
annual ^ts to the Prado fdl to 1.5 
milli on ffom 2 millitm. 

The two decisions seemed to sug- 


gest that the Prado, mdL its unique 
odlection of wprics by VeUzqnez, 
Goya, Rubens and Titian, was no 
longer a paotxQr. Thai, early in 1991, 
Alfonso Pferez the museum’s 

(fiteemr since 1983, was abrupt^ dis- 
mimed after ggning a pabEc potest 
apinst ^>am’s involvement in the 
Gulf War. 

The worst blow was that the mu^ 
nm was offer^ no alternative spalx. 


Then, in February last year, r 
Gmin, P6rez S&ndie^s successor, ^ 
vealed plans to bniM an csiteasioo at 
the Pr^’s Gqya entrance. But ait 
critics were hemifi^ that the neo- 
classical 18th-century bnildiQg would 
be altered, axKl that design was soon 
abandoned. 

LadE of maintanance of the Aado’S 
TO(^ then forced Garin’s resignation 
in October last year after ^>anish 
newqiapers publidied phemgraphs 
viators avoiding buck^ in the “Las 
Meoinas” gall^. 

Seven months later, it was Calvo 
Seciallei^s turn to be ousted, although 
be did not go quM%, tdong a sw^ at 

“offidal apathy." 

Now the whole headache has been 
inherited by Luzon, 52, ah ardiaeolo- 
gjst was head of the National 
Archaeok^ . Museum and director- 
general of fine arts in the Culture 
^nistry. 


The museum's need for. space is . 
sdf-evidehL Of its ooUectiem of 7,679 
pafnring K, ^jy 1,0^ in the Rm- 
w and Mintiwir 310 in itsannex in the 
CasOn dd 3uen Retiro.- 
Expansida would thensfore provide 
. mnefa-needed. hanging a»oe, but. it 
woiild. also create room for the andl- 
laty services flow eaq>ecled of muse- 
ums with large .mmdiers of visit<^. 
.not cady a doidcroom, but alw an 
impio^ book didp mid ^ dicp, a 
leoure ludl, a more crimfoitable Ut 
braiy and more oiffice. ^>ach • 
shoe 19M, the museum has re- 
ceived just $17J mflUon annually, 
fiom the ghverammL . albeit ;rairing 
another $6.1 nnUion on its owi£ Three. 
yeaT5'ago,it.was bequeathed $40 mO-- 
uon wmth of Madrid pro{>mty to be. 
sold to mqnove its oouection,' >but it 
r eceive s no num^ from the gov-, 
emment fex 

Fenrindez Orddto wd'thebiK^et 
had remairied frozen for dgj^'years. 
because {uevious Aecton weieacbol- 
ars deiSrated to art and uninterested' 

. m managemenL Bm mtfa prior eseperi- 
in running a. .-Lozcbb'. 

seaxis to have Jus feet oh Ihe' ground; 
Ahd-hs first prioricy Is. to fix tin. . 

. Ftado^s roof. 

•“What if it.iainsagain in Octpbq?" 
he asked. *T^p (fizector cait survjve- 
another leak." • \ ' 


WEATHER 


Forecast for Wednesday through Fdday. as provided by Accu-Wea^ter. 



BtagM, 

Hong Kong 

ManiB 

Nn>IM4 

Seoul 

9rqopon 

TafKt 

Tc*TO 


TMer 
Mgn LOW 
Of Of 
32tO M/75 
3S/M S3TO 
30/te 25A» 
30/88 24/75 
33/91 M/54 
34/U 22/71 
34ns 28/79 
3341 9/7) 
S3/91 MiTS 
31/W 2im 


TtaMsmnr 
W »8Mi LOW W 
OF OF 


jtbmrntm 


] Umanonolilit 
lcol<l 


l.kaeaianaU)' 

HOI 


Nortti America 

Mwen ot tha Ei5l Coosi «7ll 
bA wgry warm and rathar 
humid Wednesday through 
Fridey. The leadng edge et 
cooler air wUI touch oti 
thunderstorms Irom Detroit 
soulhwestward to St Louis. 
Los Angeles will ba very 
warm am eurmy at Ihe end 
oltheweek. 


Europe 

Alter a brtel cod down at the 
start ot the waek. much ot 
canlial and eastern Europe 
wIR return to above normal 
lemparalurea, England will 
experience seasonable 
wealher wWi a period or two 
at showers. [>ry iMMher wM 
encompass an ot southern 
Europe by week^ end. 


Asia 

Much ot Eastern China, 
Korea and Japan will still 
hava to cepe with 
unfeBBonable heal end 
hunidly through the end of 
the week. A typhoon will 
have to be watched at die 
end el the week lot those h 
Japan. Once again, leea^ 
heavy ihunderatorms win 
pound poitlens of Ctwia. 


Akpn am am i am* am i 

CtpcTimi 15>59 8/45 8 I8«i 8M8 pe 

Cndtan OJK 21/70 • 9/M 10/68 pc 

imw* »/«a 1283 I a/71 12/93 s 

U«M 29/84 S/73 «h »I84 M/79 pc 

NMb SK>«8 to/so pe am HUB g« 

Tim asns am • sani zun ■ 


ACROSS 

iGreatly 
impressed 
sChainman— — 
• Poet 
Mendetstam 
IS Charming 
ISVipar 

1C Moore ot*A 
Few Good Men' 

IT Sagan's * 

Brain* 

1C4D-Acroes‘s 
beloved ft, 
soShHtyshoe? 


SSAfricaui nation 
since 1993 

••Danger 

••Reps, 

28 Close, as 
triends 

wMu^cian’sjob 

an Composer of 
'SocratB* 

S« Nationai park In 
Maine 

MShem's^her 

••GeOngon 


North America 


Middle East 


Oceania 


18/9^ 8/43 pc 13/55 7/44 pB 

ie«1 7/44 pe 1841 8M8 pe 


Today Tocaarraw 

Mglt Low W )8^ Low W 

CIF C/P OF C/F 

27/80 23/73 1 31/80 23/73 • 

32/88 19/68 • 34/83 20/89 ■ 

29/77 16«1 • 29/M 17/82 a 

an 18/84 a 27/80 17/92 pe 

33/Vf i7i8z f M/ioagm • 

38/100 23/73 « 4I/10B29/7B a 


Latin America 

TodH Tomanuw 

Mgh ww w HMi lew « 
c/p C/F OF C/F 
BuanoaAraa 1044 1080 pe »/Bi 6(43 pe 

CWKM 31/86 20/88 pe sons 20/81 pe 

ihBB isnr leni pe lene ts/se pe 

MwdeoCin M//5 12/53 di 23R3 12<93 pe 

RtodaJInftw ZHa rPM pe 3048 18/84 pe 

awdege lom 7/44 eh I8«i 2/35 pe 


CMeagp 

Dwww 

DeM 

HemUu 

Hwwien 

iM/ueilea 


LaowMt: 94ur*w. pfrpwHv doudy. c4oudy. Wt^bowm. t-fwikts/ilpuai rmin. amow twiles. 

wi-snow. Mce. W-WoMw A8 mapu, leracaott and data provtdad by Accu-Waather. Inc. C 1994 


1B/8i 11/92 
97/88 22^1 
27180 20/68 
31/80 28/71 
29/84 1309 
31«B 21/70 
SOraS 23/73 
37/98 23/73 
27<80 1B«4 

am 23P3 

30/85 17«2 
24/7! 14/57 
31/58 24/75 

3i«8 am 

mitt 2842 
2048 14/57 
2944 13/99 
27/80 1447 
33/81 23/73 


1 19/96 11/52 pe 

pr am ?j/m pe 
ae 2842 1946 pe 
dl 2844 1848 I 
pe 27/80 1447 ■ 

• 3049 1844 I 
pe 31/88 M/75 pe 
a 3947 24/75 ■ 
pe 294< 1844 pc 
I 33-Vi 29/77 pc 
I 2649 17/62 ah 
I 27/50 IS/5t a 
pe am M/75 • 
pe 324 3 22/71 pe 

• 42/1072944 9 
pe 23/73 «S4S pe 
s 31/88 1641 I 
pe 27/80 1641 pe 

pe atm am pe 


Sotmiim to Pmode of Jitiy 18 


ODDS QGaaQa^niioi 
QnaaDnaa uum 

BQnilS SaBUlDaEI 

DB;:zi{ia]Ei asfii 

QQ03S ssasa asB 
mam aaaiiiiQaa 
□BH aHaDa naan 
□DH cinaa □□aaaa 
□□□□□BO aaBBa 
BBB maaQaaBB 
□aBBBaBBBB QBaB 
□□□QB BBBB aaaa 
□□BBD ciBBa aaciB 


••Indian writer 
. Santha 
Rama— r- 
•• Theme Of this 
pude 

41 End up ahead 
4a Frank Baum's 
(nftiMiniilal - 
44 Angel’s 
heodgesr 
4B CaBtomia’s 
motto 

4T Hebrew nsider 
4i Dutch Birina 
«Spinnecs,e.g. 
tnBratotasts.for 
short 

gw Essentials 
■•Common 
speech 
••Bureau 
••Localeor 
4DACIOSS 
•■Maum . 
as ProUtic 'author* 
•I— ^pranobb 
••PWmIndiara 
•• Item In a code 

TO Lulhor 

TiBocslbeed ' 
iem|30oner 


1 Liturgical robes 


CROSSWORD 


. a Eroded ' 

•Bacchanalian 

• • 

4Chab.e.g. 
iSmenrug . 
•Latotermle 
■ ' 8>v*' : 

Tit may be eerie 
' • orbiA 

i| Sngle-named 
folk^nger 
•40-Actoss 
' landihark 
<• 10 Hungary’s 

It Galileo's luma 
ia40ACFCMS^ - - 
eeatombonder 
14 Belgian rivar 
la Feature of 
40-Across. .... 

acoisrdlngto 

Sanefturg. 

« Get-up 
fW 1860 nomtoee. 

in40-Aapsa 
M Less cluttered 
•THoridaei^ 
«1S78Nobel 
Prbawinnar' 

' bomauAcroas 

aa'indiafidiatHet 
at* — ika*<^ 
slogan} . 
aaMMayand 
Farbar 

‘ aaOycrfdfacoveiy 


PEOPLE 

Oyim^Tr^^Bing 

Fnm&iedmPingue 

Vadar Harai ibe Czech pres- 
ident, wem backstage to d»t 
with Sob. Ds^ before 
Americas musicias perfmsied 
for a crowd of 1 5,000 m Prague. 
No *^**«is of what was de- 
scribed as a private chat were 
avaiiabte. Dylan then took his 
Emopcaa lour to Krakow, Po- 
land, ^t his concert there on 
Sunday was cut short due to a 
heavy stOTih. 

□ 

Good GoDy Mis Molly. Ut- 




»Aitan> has some news. The (re;- 
maining) BTO getting 

hnr* .together and want him to 

. . bcthe.opcniag act *That would 

be a histoiy-making ti rin g." he 
says. Bade m 1962, the Beatles 
opened the last riiows Little 
iSdiard*s Mtisfa tour. 

n • • 

. Amw may be ri^L 

He there’s a motkung 
enzB out there and it’s market- 
able. So he has Inched a TV 
series *Mode1s Inc.” Tte pro- 
ducer says in tiie July 22 issue of 
Entertainment Weekly; *T-. 
think audiences want to see 
beautiful p^leT ..... Anna 
SsuO; a 26-yfar-old 
pMviri, knows how to seize the 
xriomeat: She quietly married J. 
Howard Marshall 2d, 89, an.ml 
tycoon, , last mmith in.HouSr 

■ ton. . . . MadTwfson is 
' f flVing her treats to TV. The 

■ Australian model udD be host A. 
for a weeily c^e TV series. 
“Hot Sommer. Nights," from 
TWiniwiaj ESPN says. . - 

...a, 

. Deomaik's Qnea Maigefta 
' IL 54, underwent a hysterecto- 
.'-my on Momlay. for cancer 
• the ouzus, officials sai<L . 

' Jinny Carter and his wif^ ' 
•Rosafyan, are speDdine' the 
. wedc. on the. Qieyenne lUver 
Sion . Indin Reservatum in' 
'..Smth Dakota with 1,200 otii» 
to 'laiild 30 faomei . 
for p<Bople without shdterl 


imERNAXIONAt 

CLASSIFIED 

■ '/4fpeiin on P^o6AI7 


srRipiBn . mTherafoi* ' ' 

4t Ktod . MrPcfiunttitoi^ 

••Typaof roulette ^arHumanM 
•aSetirsd nelgRbor 

flaPubftoDCb . 


••NintorKtoTival 
tn iraperKing Bmes 
;aa*Givaita— — ” .. 
•aWding 
inaiiumant 



PMScbyCMWqptMrHwi 

e NewrorkTtmes^ieitiy WUSAertz, 


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3. AnAB-Ea^idt^eskingOpeEiiorocvolcepnsmptwlUaakfindiephbnenuniberpouwisbtociaorcDniieavm 

cuMutuer^ervloe tepnsseoiadvie. 

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tiKGGomyyoiAeiaand^facCiBtoc^Savice 

couwmr access number COUMTHY ACCEKMIMBER country AcngMNrTMIOTit 

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AuauaUa 1-800G81-011 l i e d l M e u a > da* ^ U 5 o 6 -ll rfc«^ : " 

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